Elements Of Health

Alternative Health and Healing Secrets!

Nuclear survival guide

 This is a complete survival guide in book format, download and print, or view it with adobe PDF reader, to download the reader free go to:  http://get.adobe.com/reader/

 To download your free Survival guide click here:  Nuclear_Survival_Guide.pdf  

Protection from Radiation Exposure

.Article: Protection from Radiation Exposure - by Perry A~

 
http://aboutclay.com/info/Articles/protection_from_radiation.htm

Have you ever walked into your local Dairy Queen and ordered a radioactive banana split? Or possibly more likely, have you ever booked an airline flight and asked for your personal 2 REM dose of radiation? Right now, everyone on earth is bathed in a soup of radioactive energy. There has never before been a time when it was more important to cleanse our bodies of ever present radiation: alpha particles, beta particles, gamma rays, muons, neutrinos. The list is long and puzzling, and most of it has nothing to do with human activities.

Living Clay,Nature’s Own Miracle Cure is the definitive guide for using and understanding the multiple benefits of Calcium Bentonite Clay. This natural mineral will do more than any other substance (natural or pharmaceutical) to remove radioactive isotopes from our bodies and to assist our bodies in returning to a state of good health. However, all clays are not alike. It is important to know your clays and to find a pure clay.  Go to www.AboutClay.com to read the article, Criteria for Selecting a Quality Healing Clay.

No matter what we do, no matter how health conscious we’ve become, no matter what precautions are taken, our bodies are radiated daily. It is crucially important to counter this bombardment, to remove this radiation and the resultant damage from our bodies on a daily basis. There is nothing better for this purpose than using a quality living clay on a daily basis. So, just what is it you need to protect yourself from?

In the past 30 years we have had 3 major radioactive incidents – Chernobyl, Three Mile Island, and continuing releases in the Marshall Islands. Most of the clean-up at Chernobyl was accomplished with Bentonite Clay. The Marshall Islands have been repeatedly “dusted” with Calcium Bentonite Clay, but the level of radiation continually seeping from below ground has yet to be completely and permanently contained. The Marshall Islands have received the equivalent of 80 atomic bombs the size of the one dropped on Hiroshima.

So, it would seem that the powers-that-be would want everyone to have their own supply of Calcium Bentonite Clay, since that’s what they use for their own messes…not so. Either they have not connected the dots, or they are stockpiling the clay for their own mess ups.

The “incident” at Three Mile Island was a wakeup call for most adults in the US. Simply put, a nuclear reactor near Harrisburg, PA, overheated causing a core reactor to literally melt down. It became so “hot” with radioactivity it literally melted through six feet of solid concrete and steel housing. In doing so, it released radioactive gasses and mist into the air. Not surprisingly, wide scale panic ensued.

It’s important to know the truth about radiation so that correct decisions can be made. It’s equally important to know what beliefs are realistic and which are not.

Radiation is energy in the form of electromagnetic waves, sometimes referred to generically as radio waves. Some radiation is quite harmless and passes through our bodies on a 24 hour a day basis (e.g., radio and TV wave frequencies). Higher spectrum, faster moving, wave frequencies can harm at a cellular level (e.g., x-rays or radioactive metals such as plutonium or uranium).

Then, there is Ionizing Radiation. Ionization is the ejection of one or more electrons from an atom or molecule to produce a fragment with a new positive charge (positive ion). The classification of radiation as “ionizing” is essentially a statement that it has enough quantum energy to eject an electron. This is a crucial distinction, since “ionizing radiation” can produce a number of physiological effects, such as those associated with risk of mutation or cancer, which non-ionizing radiation cannot directly produce at any intensity.

The unit of measurement used to measure radiation dosage is the rem, which stands for roentgen equivalent in man. It represents the amount of radiation needed to produce a particular amount of damage to living tissue. The total dose of rems determines how much harm a person suffers. At Hiroshima and Nagasaki, people received a dose of rems at the instant of the explosions, then more from the surroundings and, in limited areas, from fallout.  Fallout is composed of radioactive particles that are carried into the upper atmosphere by a nuclear explosion or meltdown and that eventually fall back to the earth’s surface.

Although a dose of just 25 rems causes some detectable changes in blood, doses to near 100 rems usually have no immediate harmful effects. Doses above 100 rems cause the first signs of radiation sickness including:

·  Nausea

·  Vomiting

·  Headache

·  Some loss of white blood cells

Doses of 300 rems or more cause temporary hair loss, as well as more significant internal harm, including damage to nerve cells and the cells that line the digestive tract. Severe loss of white blood cells, which are the body’s main defense against infection, makes radiation victims highly vulnerable to disease. Radiation also reduces production of blood platelets, which aid blood clotting, so victims of radiation sickness are also vulnerable to hemorrhaging.

Half of all people exposed to 450 rems die, and doses of 800 rems or more are always fatal. Besides the symptoms mentioned above, these people also suffer from fever and diarrhea. As of yet, there is no effective treatment for radiation exposures over 800 rems, and death occurs in 1-4 days.

Uranium 235 Isotope (commonly referred to as U235) is a highly charged, positive ion metal found naturally on our planet. Natural uranium mined from the ground is 0.7% pure radiation. Weapons grade U235 has been enriched to 90%+ pure positive ionic radiation. That’s one purpose of nuclear reactors – enrichment. Weapons grade U235 is used in nuclear warheads.

A second type of U235 is known as “waste.” U235 is the garbage left over from the enrichment process. Nuclear waste is commonly 3-5% pure radiation. Some nuclear medical wastes fall into this category as well. A weapons grade U235 warhead containing 90%+ enriched radiation will deliver doses of 1,000+ rems of energy over a several mile radius. At this level, all exposed living things will be killed.

The government, in its report titled “Department of Homeland Security Report on Radiological Dispersal Device (RDD) Preparedness: Medical Preparedness and First Responders Sub-Group” states that once first responders reach the site, it will take 2-24 hours to test for presence of all 6 sub-group types of typical radioactive materials. All you need to know is that a 10 minute delay is much too long.

There are 3 types of appropriate responses to such a blast. The first would be for someone in the fallout area. The second would be for those at, or very near, the blast site who have direct contamination. And the third category would be those outside the potential fallout area and away from any contamination.

For those in the first category (within the potential fallout area), like what might be possible with the Japan catastrophe of March 2011, take the following steps:

1.  If outdoors, come inside immediately.

2.  When in your home or apartment, quickly close all windows and doors.

3.  Turn off any outside air source. You may leave on air conditioning or heat if it can be set to utilize re-circulated air from inside the home.
Note: The benefit of steps 1-3 is to close your home to possible contamination from the air outside. It could be only seconds before the blast contamination is at your doorstep.

4.  Go immediately to an area of your home set aside for such an emergency. Strip off all of your clothing. Using prepared hydrated Calcium Bentonite Clay: Get in the shower and dip your hands into it. Quickly apply the clay over every inch of your body (with the exception of in your eyes). Cover your hair and all nooks and crannies. Scrub your body thoroughly with the clay. Leave it on for 10 minutes. Next, wash off, while continuing to scrub.

5.  After drying off, apply another thin film coating of clay and stand with your arms away from your sides and feet slightly apart. In 5-15 minutes the clay will dry on your body.

6.  After the clay has dried, put on a disposable pull-on garment, a surgical-type face mask, and disposable shoe covers on your bare feet.

7.  Using a prepared liquid Calcium Bentonite Clay and a jar of potassium iodine (KI) into the kitchen and set them on the counter by the sink.  Drink 4 ounces of the liquid Calcium Bentonite Clay and take 2 potassium iodine (KI) tablets or as directed on the label. Periodically every 2-3 hours drink another 2 ounces of the liquid clay.

8.  If service is available stay tuned to your TV or radio to stay informed.

Note: Get as comfortable as possible because this will be your repetitive treatment and mode of dress for several days to come. You will sleep well knowing you are being protected from radiation.

9.  Take a clay bath daily using 1-2 cups of dry clay until danger has passed. You can also give your pets a clay bath.

10.   Wash your clothes by adding ¼ cup liquid clay per load.

11.   When it is safe to go outside, get a clean new garden sprayer and add ½ cup of liquid clay to gallon of water and spray your lawns and gardens.

12.   Rinse fresh vegetables in clay water.

For those fortunate enough to not have been in a fallout area, please remain out of the areas affected with radioactive fallout.  Drink 2 ounces of clay twice daily, take 1 Potassium Iodine tablet every morning and take a weekly clay bath.  These are precautionary maintenance doses that are healthy for all of us.  Simply stay away from contaminated areas until the cleanup has been certified.

As you learned earlier, radioactive material is formed carrying a positive ionic charge. Calcium Bentonite Clay is a negatively charged ion. Simply put, Calcium Bentonite Clay adsorbs and absorbs, capturing positive charged ions, and you wash them off or pass them through your body. Unlike other clays, only Smectites (Bentonites) can absorb andadsorb and are characterized by its expandable properties.

Radiation is a real health problem. Calcium Bentonite Clay is the real solution. I recommend reading the book Living Clay, Nature’s Own Miracle Cure for protocols, mixing directions, and to learn more about protecting your family and yourself from our inevitable exposure to radiation.

Radioactive  Contamination detox book


Here's How to Help Support the Body's Healing After Intense Radioactive Contamination or Radiation Exposure ... The book ain't pretty, but the Radiation Detox Info is FREE

http://meditationexpert.com/RadiationDetox/

Full Documentation on the Medical, Nutritional, Naturopathic 
and Common Sense Ways to Help Yourself 


DISCLAIMER: These statements have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. 
This information is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure or prevent any disease.

 

DOWNLOAD IMMEDIATELY

Dear Friend,

You are not crazy to be worried about radiation ...

Radiation syndrome, radiation toxicity, radiation illness, radiation damage, radiation sickness and excessive radiation exposure are all known facts that can make you ill or KILL YOU!

For instance, you may undergo a series of X-ray exams but that excess radiation actually increases your chances for contracting cancer unless you do something to repair the damage. In a moment, we'll tell you of the many things one can do to support their body's healing processes after such damage.

You might undergo cancer radiation therapy and firsthand suffer the direct effects of radiation exposure with nausea, anemia, hemorrhaging and fibrosis.

In that case you don't need anyone to tell you of the devastation that radiation exposure can do. All you need are remedies to help counter its destructive effects.

If you live at high altitudes or take a lot of airplane flights you are naturally exposed to higher doses of ionizing radiation, too, so what do you do to prevent succumbing to radiation sickness and illness?

 

Okay, now the really big problems...

Living near a nuclear power plant, coal burning plant or near old government radiation testing grounds (such as in Nevada or New Mexico) also gives you higher than normal radiation exposure and that there are still radioactive contaminants in the environment blowing around ... and guess who gets to ingest them?

If you've worked in uranium mining, uranium or plutonium processing or in weapons manufacturing, your contaminant exposure is definitely above normal and ill effects are not far behind. Plenty of Gulf War veterans have been exposed to "depleted uranium" military sources and believe strongly that it's responsible for their health problems.

Working at a nuclear power plant, in a submarine, or with certain types of diagnostic medical equipment are all ways to become sick from radiation exposure if there is an accident.

If you're ever the victim of a nuclear attack, well you know the rest there ...

Frankly, if you don't heal yourself of the effects of radiation exposure and if you don't bind radioactive particles and flush them out of your body if you've ingested them, then they'll just stay there and slowly work at destroying your health. Eventually you will succumb to unexplained symptoms of fatigue, lethargy, a weakened immune system, tumors, unexplained illnesses, anemia, excessive bleeding, genetic damage, cancer, leukemia, cataracts, possibly having children with severe birth defects. You can develop all sorts of conditions that just don't seem to respond to medicine ... and for which there doesn't seem to be any explanation.

If you've heard of friends suffering this way, you know what I mean.


I once saw the hair analysis of a 50-year old man who worked at mining exploration in his 20's, and thirty years later a hair analysis still showed signs of uranium contamination that were well off the charts. I was simply shocked how long uranium, as a heavy metal, can stay in the body if you don't detoxify yourself of prior exposure. All he did for his summer job (way back) was set the blasting caps for mining exploration in our Western deserts, but the contaminated dust he ingested has stayed inside him for years!

Radiation and radioactivity are everywhere ... in the air, water, and in the food we eat. Not all is bad. However, every time there's another nuclear test explosion or nuclear power plant accident in the world, our total exposure to radioactive contamination increases once again. Every time there is a radioactive accident somewhere, our toxic load just keeps getting greater.

How about this likely scenario now that we've declared a war on terrorism ...

BOOM! ... a "dirty bomb" goes off somewhere in the world and people thousands of miles away are on the same day affected by the radioactive contamination! This is what everyone worries about, and what we spend so much money to prevent, but if it happenes what do you do?

Or, a nuclear power plant suffers an unexpected accident -- such as with Chernobyl (Russia), Three Mile Island (USA), or Tokaimura (Japan) -- and the food we eat and air we breathe instantly becomes contaminated.

Gosh, "that won't ever happen" is what government officials says and those are three cases already -- at least the ones we know about. It's certain to happen again despite the best of safeguards and safety measures. What about the potential for terrorist incidents? What happens when we do atomic weapons testing?

Here's the short of it ... 

If you've been exposed to radioactive contamination, including depleted uranium dusts, I'm going to tell you about all the published, proven, documented, scientific ways to help detoxify yourself -- which you can do at home. I'm also going to tell you about all the stages of acute radiation syndrome in case -- God forbid it -- there ever is another nuclear power plant accident or something else.

Furthermore, I'm not just going to tell you how to help heal your body from the effects of radiation and radioactive contamination but how to rebuild your body to better health, and what natural supplements to take to help you survive through hematopoietic and gastrointestinal radiation syndromes that might prove fatal if there ever were an atomic incident.

For years all I ever read were million dollar government studies that told us that "radiation is bad for you," but not a single study was done telling us what natural ways we could use to help ourselves if we were ever exposed.

What???

Imagine that - in fact please visualize this: there is a giant apparatus out there involving hundreds of thousands of people and billions of dollars in investment every year, gihugic organiztions all over the world, and no information on what to do if there is a radioactive disaster other than "stay indoors, shut the windows, don't drink local produce or milk, and take potassium iodide (if you can get it)." 

I simply cannot put into words the ignorance of the oversight, which is about the same amount of ignorance to the fact that we don't have enough seed banks all over the world in case something happens. We spend this gigantic sum of money and have all this effort to prevent any problems, and yet not a single blessed dime has been spent to produce one tiny phamplet on what to do - that goes beyond the simplistic advice I just recounted.

That information is useless if something happens and you're in trouble with tens of thousands of other people in line. Yes, if there's a disaster the stores will empty of potassium iodide, the hosptials will be filled, and you'll be left on your own. Think about it. If there is a mass problem, why would you get the help you need since resources will be limited?

The government spends hundreds of millions of dollars every year related to radiation and radioactivity but not a single peep about this crucial topic -- what to do if you are actually exposed to intense radiation or radioactive contamination With this oversight these guys at the top aren't statesmen thinking about our future, that's for sure.

Since the government hasn't done anything about it, several years ago I swore I would to help the nation. Everyone has to contribute, and this is my contribution.

Now with American soldiers returning from overseas wars where they've been exposed to depleted uranium dusts, the problem is finally rearing its head as many have feared. But there is something you can do about it.

A yet bigger problem will arise if some large scale nuclear emergency ever hits the country. You can imagine the frantic chaos that result because there is no "what to do" information available other than "stay at home and take potassium iodide, shut the windows and don't eat the local produce" or go to the hospital, which will no doubt be swamped with hundreds of thousands of people.

You can see why when I was getting my Master's Degree in Clinical Nutrition I swore this would be one of the two health topics I'd write about to contribute to the nation. If the government wasn't doing anything about these national security risks, then it was up to me to step up to the plate and follow Benjamin Franklin's practice of creating a solution and filling a void, just as he did in establishing the first libraries, street lights, fire companies, public solution for lightning caused fires, and so forth in Philadelphia. 

Do you know what the first thing you should eat when there is radioactive fallout in your area?

Do you know what you should do if potassium iodide is not available to block the absorption of radioactive iodine in your thyroid gland?

Do you know what must you purchase well ahead of time to protect yourself from the effects of ingesting radioactive contamination?

Do you know what foods or supplements will bind and then flush contaminants right out of your body?

Can you tell me what has actually worked in Chernobyl, Tokaimura, Nagasaka and Hiroshima -- what the doctors used to help people with radiation exposure?

Do you know what decontamination and emergency detoxification steps, involving drugs, that government military sources and the CDC or Homeland Security offices suggest you follow?

Well I've collected all this information and more, and put it in a book to help you.

And it's 100% FREE. Yep, no charge -- just download and email to freinds so you don't crash my server. 

If you have been exposed to too many X-rays or work with diagnostic medical equipment or are environmentally sensitive and have ingested elevated levels of radioactive contaminated food, air or water, you also want to check out this detoxification information as well.

You'll learn about the foods you can eat that will literally build up your immune system and help you recover from the RNA/DNA damage caused by radiation exposure. You'll find out about the substances that will actually chelate radioactive heavy metals from your body.

What more can anyone do?

In this 121-page ebook (the only one of its kind, and certainly the largest compendium of information on natural methods for detoxifying radiation and radioactive particles in existence that will still be available if the hospitals are jammed full), you'll find out how to protect yourself from radiactive contamination in case of a terrorist incident or some other form of nuclear or atomic exposure. You will learn various ways to detoxify yourself and help heal yourself after radiation exposure.

If I came back from a war zone, I'd get this this el pronto.

If you're undergoing cancer therapy you need this information, too because inside this manual you'll learn how to safely and quickly rebuild your health.

Are you undergoing cancer therapy and your blood figures are off? You'll learn which supplements will rebuild platelet, WBC and RBC counts rather quickly. There are certain oils you should take, amino acids to protect your GI tract, certain foods that prevent nausea, and certain mushrooms and immune stimulants that rival cytokines in rebuilding your immune health.

More importantly, there are three or four very specialized nutritional substances that will lock on to radioactive particles and escort them out of your body.

Inside this 121-page manual, Hoto Help Support the Body's Healing After Intense Radioactive or Radiation Exposure, you'll learn:

 

  • There is potassium iodide KI or KIO3, which you should take in some (but not all) nuclear emergencies to block radioactive uptake by the thyroid! Find out how much to take, when to take it, and what to do (what to take as an alternative) if it isn't available. 

  • There are 3 types of baths you can soak in at home to pull out the effects of radioactive heavy metals from the cells of your body. Don't forget to drink certain teas when you do this, because teas of a certain type can bind some radioactive particles and help excrete them as well! There's a delicious way to drink ingestions away!

  • There are special algae and seaweeds you can eat which are clinically proven to bind radioactive particles and escort them out of the body. Urine, blood and radioactive tests have all proven these effects, for which patents have been granted, and they have been successfully used at Nagasaki and most recently at Chernobyl. They are known for their effectiveness, but do you know what they are, where to get them, how to use them, and what recipes makes them palatable and delicious or where to go and eat them if cooking isn't your thing? I have one word for you: Modifilan, perhaps the best seaweed chelator (containing anti-cancer properties, too) than anything else out there. Even if you don't get this ebook, look into this product. 
  • There are special nutritional products you can take to rebuild your blood, intestines and immunity so that you don't die from hematopoietic or gastrointestinal radiation syndrome. If you are suffering from anemia or cancer radiation therapy, this information can save your life.

  • There is a special soup you can drink that is the basis of all Eastern nutritional radiation therapy. Survivors of the Nagasaki atomic bomb, who were just one mile from the blast, never succumbed to radiation poisoning because they avoided sweets and sugars and made this soup the staple of their diet.
  • There are special anti-radiation homeopathic formulas you can use (both "drainage" remedies and opposing remedies) that work to remedy the harmful effects of radiation, including the ionizing radiation of X-rays. Anti-radium, uranium, plutonium, ... all have homeopathic remedy antagonists. This is your only place to find out which ones to use and when. 
  • There are special nutritional supplements -- sulfur containing thiol compounds -- that can help rebuild your body from radiation exposure ... and which are especially important for those who work in the nuclear reactor or processing industries because of their specific protective effects. For those who have been exposed to depleted uranium, the importance of alkalinizing agents and kidney protectorants cannot be underestimated.

  • There are 9 special foods you should eat to help rebuild your blood and body extremely quickly, because they contain a high content of "nucleotides" that promote health and anti-aging. There are alsospecial fish oils to consume in order to maintain the proper fatty acid balance content of your blood (olive oil works, too!), otherwise you are likely to die from severe radiation poisoning even if you were to get a bone marrow transfusion. Ever hear of an "oxalic acid index" test? Most doctors haven't either, which is why they're flying blind with useless bone marrow transplants without this understanding.
  • There are emergency radioactive contamination procedures to follow -- developed by the Military -- for every type of expected radioactive isotope exposure, and medical protocols you should become familiar with to understand the step-by-step progression of radiation sickness and your prospects of survival. If you know this information, you'll know how to survive and what you must do to assist yourself and your loved ones so that if there ever is a nuclear disaster, no one in your family becomes another one of the radiation statistic amidst the thousands.

  • There are also a variety of pharmaceutical drugs and medications doctors will most likely give you to protect you from radiation toxicity, but more importantly, there are various herbs and nutritional supplements you can ingest (which the doctors don't know about) in addition to those drugs to maximize your chances of recovery and survival. Best of all, many of them have been studied for their radioprotective effects and cited in medical studies!

  • There are two plants you should grow around your house as "protectors" for radiation emergencies. One is helps heal radiation burns (even for cancer radiation therapy), and the other change colors as a natural warning signal at the first signs of excess radioactivity in the environment.

 

If you are near a nuclear power plant catastrophe, a Gulf War veteran, a cancer patient undergoing radiation therapy, someone who works in the nuclear power or processing industry, or someone who lives in a high radiation environment or has just been exposed, you need to get this information on the curative, remedial measures available for radiation exposure and exposure to radioactive contaminants.

 

"I'm originally from Russia and I spent 2 years in high school learning how to put on military gas masks, check an old meter for radiation and other things that seem so surreal at this time. I remember I asked my teacher, 70 year old retired general, what I should do if I actual get exposed to radiation. I remember he just looked at me and said "I think a prayer would help". For years I tried to find practical sources of information on the subject in Russia, and later in America. All the experts kept repeating: "Radiation is bad. And don't forget to take your iodine tablets!" That was before I got your book. As I was reading it, I realized the whole new level of information put together I never knew existed. It's like you took tons of medical and scientific research published in those never-read scientific journals no one knows about, and transformed it into practical info you can actually apply in real life. Thank you so much for all your work." Maxim S., New York


 

I can guarantee that your doctors don't know half this information -- it is truly the most extensive book on medical, nutritional, naturopathic and homeopathic radiation detoxification and radioprotective procedures in existence.

And I made it FREE - just download it. That's all.

If it has even one-quarter or one-eighth of the information guaranteed, in today's world wouldn't it still be worth the effort to get it ... now, before some mad rush of people shuts the server down?

Protect yourself from even more exposure and start reversing the insidious effects of silent, invisible radiation by ordering risk-free Hoto Help Support the Body's Healing After Intense Radioactive or Radiation Exposure right now by clicking the button below.

And in case you're thinking no, let me tell you one simple story about John Wayne and the cast of a movie he starred in, The Conqueror, which was filmed in Snow Canyon, Utah....

 

In 1953, the US military tested eleven atomic bombs at Yucca Flats, Nevada, which produced radioactive fallout clouds. The town of St. George (where the cast and crew of The Conqueror spent much of their time) and Snow Canyon, where much of the movie was shot, were about 100 miles downwind from the original Nevada Test Site and received part of this fallout. For thirteen weeks the actors and crew were exposed to minor levels of radioactive dusts on location, and to make it worse, the director even shipped 60 tons of the "hot dirt" back to Hollywood so that they could do convenient retakes of the film.

The result?

By 1980, when People magazine wrote a story on the matter and did a head count, at least 91 members of the original 220 member cast and crew who worked on location had contracted cancer. Statistically you'd expect about 30 of these people to get cancer. However, 91 had contracted cancer as of the early 1980s and 46 died of it, including John Wayne (he died of stomach and lung cancer), Susan Hayward, Agnes Moorehead, and the director Dick Powell. Pedro Armendariz, upon learning that he had contracted cancer, committed suicide while dying of it.

People magazine never discovered how many of the Indian extras were afflicted, which would also have added significantly to the totals! All this from being exposed in a town 100 miles downwind of atomic tests. (I pity our vets who've been exposed to depleted uranium, and the locals who continue to live in those areas). The town of St. George itself suffered a similar fate -- the residents eventually contracted cancers in staggering numbers.

What can you do about it? You can try to detoxify away the buildup of any radioactive heavy metals that have collected in your body, and help your body rejuvenate. You can also eat certain substances that will help trap these particles as they're being ingested so that they're excreted before they can do any damage.

To find out how, click here to Order the ebook Now!

 

 Yes! I want to get the "How to Help Support Your Body's Healing After Intense Radioactive or Radiation Exposure" ebook manual, formerly known as "Radiation Detox" - right now. I understand you never bothered to pretty it up, but just wanted to offer this as a free service to the world because nobody else bothered to do it.

It's FREE. Please download it and then send it by email to friends so that my server doesn't crash. 

Click Here to Download for Free

Homeopathic treatment for radiation 

Radiation Sickness and Poisoning

Update on Homeopathic Treatment and Prevention

 

With the increasing threat of radioactive contamination from damaged Japanese nuclear reactors, homeopaths continue to alert people to the homeopathic remedies used for either the treatment or prevention of radiation poisoning.

 

The problem is that people are becoming confused by the number of remedies recommended by different homeopaths.

 

Why Are There Differences?

 

The truth is that there is not just one or two remedies that can help in this crisis - there are many.

 

The whole of homeopathic prescribing is based on the principle that a substance treats or prevents what it can also produce. (See Tutorial 1: The Law of Similars). 


In the instance of radiation poisoning, all that has to be known for treatment to begin is which remedies, in their testing phase, produce symptoms similar to those of radiation poisoning. Those remedies can them be used with a reasonable degree of confidence for either protection against radiation sickness or treatment of it.

 

At Homeopathy Plus!, we have confined our suggestions to those remedies whose effects are also supported by research and/or confirmed with clinical successes as reported by doctors and physicians dealing with radiation exposure during the Great World Wars. (References regarding research and clinical usage of these remedies can be found in links at the bottom of this Alert.) 

 

Those remedies include the following: 


               1. Cadmium iodatum (Cadm-i)
               2. Cadmium sulphuricum (Cadm-s)
               3. Phosphorus (Phos)
               4. Strontium carbonicum (Stront-c)
               5. X-ray

 

 

Obtaining Remedies

 

There are several ways of obtaining remedies. Most homeopaths will be able to supply them to you and many natural health stores or pharmacies also carry a limited range of homeopathics. In some countries, homeopathic pharmacies supply direct to the public. Of the above, Phosphorus the most well-known remedies and likely to be the easiest to obtain.

 

Instructions  

 

Protection: Any one of the above remedies may be used along with other precautionary measures if under threat of radiation exposure. Take a dose of a 30C potency three times a day.  

 

If a 30C potency is not available, use whatever potency is on hand, taking a more frequent dose for lower potencies (4-6 times a day) and a less frequent dose (1-2 times a day) for highter potencies.

 

Do not exceed 6 doses without guidance from your homeopath who will help you to adjust your frequency of dose according to the risk of exposure and your sensitivity to the remedy.  

 

Treatment: If radiation sickness has developed, your homeopath is the best person to advise on treatment dosages and potencies as these will depend on the symptoms you are experiencing and their severity.

 

Do be aware that a larger range of remedies may be referred to for treatment as idiosyncratic reactions of the sufferer have to be taken into account for best results.

 

This is not the case for prevention - a smaller number of remedies is adequate.

 

If you are unable to contact a homeopath, the following three links have information to guide you on when and how to dose.

 


How Often Should I Take a Dose of My Remedy? 

 

What to Expect (Part A) 

 

What to Expect (Part B) 

 

 

More Information   

 

The following articles were written for the treatment and prevention of radiotherapy and chemotherapy side-effects but the information and references they contain are just as useful for accidental radiation exposure and the current threat.


Preparing for Radiation 

 

Homeopathy for Radiation and Chemotherapy Side-Effects 

 

Two other useful articles that discuss more disaster and emergency remedies are:

 

First Response Homeopathy: Remedies to Use in a Disaster (Part 1) 

 

First Response Homeopathy: Remedies to Use in a Disaster (Part 2) 

 

Monitor your world

THIS IS HOW YOU CAN MONITOR WHAT IS HAPPENING ON THE WORLD BY GOOGLE:

 

Could fallout from japan reach the US?

http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-1366055/Japan-earthquake-tsunami-America-nuclear-alert-Fukushima-explosion.html

 

America on nuclear alert: Could fallout from Japan explosion reach U.S. West Coast?

By DAILY MAIL REPORTER
Last updated at 9:38 PM on 14th March 2011

  •  

    'Worst-case scenario' could send nuclear cloud across Pacific

  • 30,000ft winds would carry radioactive material across the ocean

  • U.S.S. Ronald Reagan hit by month's radiation in just one hour

  • Japanese reactors are very similar to 23 in America

Fears that America could be hit by the nuclear fallout from the Japan earthquake dramatically increased today after the reactor hit by the tsunami went into 'meltdown'.

Officials revealed fuel rods are melting inside three damaged reactors at the Fukushima plant, triggering fears of a serious radiation leak.

Scientists in the U.S. warned today of a 'worst-case scenario' in which the highly radioactive material could be blasted into the atmosphere and blown towards the West Coast of America.

They said it could be picked up by powerful 30,000ft winds, carrying the debris across the Pacific and hitting America within four

Potential consequences: How a full-scale meltdown could affect the U.S. by flying across the Pacific Ocean

Predictions: This jet stream forecast diagram shows that if the radiation material was to reach the upper atmosphere, it could be carried over the Pacific Ocean in high altitude wind currents

Earthquake-hit Japan is fighting to avoid a nuclear catastrophe as one over-heating reactor lost its cooling today, following explosions at two other reactors at the Fukushima plant.

Leading nuclear expert Dr John Large, who has visited the plant, said he is concerned that where the radiation ends up is ‘in the lap of the gods’.

 

‘The exclusion zone keeps being raised. First it was 3km, then 10, now 20. This plant has gone through all the steps that occurred at Three Mile Island, and that led to total meltdown.

‘It looks like the reactors automatically shut down following the earthquake, causing a massive collapse of power to the grid,' he told the Sunday Express. 

Others have suggested any radioactive cloud would be likely to blow out east across the Pacific.

'The wind direction for the time being seems to point the (nuclear) pollution towards the Pacific,' Andre-Claude Lacoste, of the French Nuclear Safety Authority, told AFP.

 

Graphic: The Fukushima plant where workers are battling to prevent an escalation of the meltdown threat

A second explosion rocked the nuclear plant today, sending smoke into the air. The blast follows a similar explosion in another unit on Saturday and a further reactor has also lost its cooling capacity.

What would the reaction be if radiation from Japan reaches U.S. West Coast?

If the radiation risk rises significantly, tablets could be distributed to prevent iodine-131 from being absorbed into the body.

Radioactive particles, which attack or impair cells, can be taken into the body through breathing, eating or drinking.

Atomic expert Dr Peter Weish said after Chernobyl that good practice for nuclear accidents includes sealing flats with adhesive tape, covering your mouth with a mask or wet cloth and having little contact with rain.

California is watching Japan's efforts to contain leaks and looking at its own air, water and food supply - but public health officials said there is currently 'no danger'.

But University of Washington Professor of Atmospheric Science Dan Jaffe told Q13 Fox earlier: 'Based on what we're seeing in terms of the radiation that's being released now, there is no risk at all.

'Even in the worst case scenario there is a low likelihood of much risk over the Pacific Northwest.'

Nuclear regulators say the General Electric-designed reactors involved in the emergency are very similar to 23 reactors used in the U.S, reported MSNBC.

'The worst case scenario is that the fuel rods fuse together,' nuclear expert Joe Cirincione said.

'The temperatures get so hot that they melt together into a radioactive molten mass that bursts through the containment mechanisms and it is exposed to the outside so there's spewed radioactivity into the ground, into the air and into the water,' he told Fox 43.

'Some of that radioactivity could carry in the atmosphere to the West Coast of the United States.'

But the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission believes there is no danger of radiation drifting as far as the West Coast.

 

Fireball: A build-up of hydrogen in Unit Three of Fukushima ignites in a ball of fire that can be seen for miles

 

Smoke: An enormous cloud rises from the site, dwarfing the plant and raising fears of radiation problems

 

Extensive damage: Experts are now debating whether a radiation cloud could reach the West Coast

The Japanese nuclear reactor hit by the tsunami went into 'meltdown' today, as officials admitted that fuel rods appear to be melting inside three damaged reactors.

How the 'meltdown' could come about

The Japanese reactors work by harnessing the energy of thousands of nuclear fuel rods that are normally kept cool in water.

But if the cooling system fails, heat generated by the nuclear reaction rises uncontrollably.

The nuclear fuel can then melt, forming molten pools on the floor of the reactor at thousands of degrees Celcius - known as a 'meltdown'.

These pools of molten fuel can melt through the reactor safety barriers - there is an inner and outer shield.

The worst case scenario is that the protective shield around the reactors is melted away, resulting in a serious radioactive material leak.

There is a risk that molten nuclear fuel can melt through the reactor's safety barriers and cause a serious radiation leak.

There have already been explosions inside two over-heating reactors at the Fukushima Dai-ichi nuclear plant, and the fuel rods inside a third were partially exposed as engineers desperately fight to keep them cool after the tsunami knocked out systems.

Japanese chief cabinet secretary Yukio Edano said it was 'highly likely' that the fuel rods inside all three stricken reactors are melting.

Some experts class that a partial meltdown of the reactor, but others would only use that term for when molten nuclear fuel melts through a reactor's inner chamber - but not through the outer containment shell. 

As fuel rods melt, they form an extremely hot molten pool at the bottom of the reactor that can melt through even the toughest of containment barriers.

Japan is fighting to avoid a nuclear catastrophe after the tsunami. There was a hydrogen explosion at the reactor in Unit Three of the power station earlier today, in which eleven workers were hurt by the blast that was felt 25 miles away.



Before and After: Minamisanriku is shown prior to and following the devastation of an earthquake and tsunami

The reactor at Unit One of Fukushima exploded on Saturday, blowing several walls away but engineers said the core was still contained. The fuel rods in the reactor in Unit Two of the plant were partially exposed from their coolant today - which also increases the risk of meltdown.

Engineers have been fighting to keep the reactors under control after the tsunami knocked out emergency coolant systems on Friday.Earlier engineers were frantically trying to cool radioactive materials at all the reactors with seawater but had halted the process, which resulted in a rise in radiation levels and pressure.

Plant managers knew an explosion was a possibility as they struggled to reduce pressure inside the reactor containment vessel in Unit Three, but apparently felt they had no choice if they wanted to avoid a complete meltdown.

In the end, the hydrogen in the released steam mixed with oxygen in the atmosphere and set off the blast, which was felt 25 miles away.

The plant's operator Tokyo Electric Company said radiation levels at the reactor were still within legal limits.


Japan's Chief Cabinet Secretary Yukio Edano said Unit Three reactor's inner containment vessel holding nuclear rods is intact, allaying some fears of the risk to the environment and public.

The government had warned that a further explosion was possible because of the build-up of hydrogen in the building housing the reactor.

More than 180,000 people have been evacuated from the area.

Japan has distributed 230,000 units of stable iodine to evacuation centres as a precaution. it can be used to protect against thyroid cancer in the event of a radiation leak.

U.S. President Barack Obama said he is heartbroken by the events unfolding in Japan and pledged America will support the country.

He told an audience: 'All of you, young and old, have been watching the full magnitude of this tragedy unfold' and added that the Japanese are 'some of our closest friends and allies'.

Nuclear energy 'remains a part of the President's overall energy plan', despite new concerns about its safety, a White House spokesman said.

PLANE FEARS: Airline radiation scans

German carrier Luftansa has begun scanning flights from Japan for radioactive material - but has not found any yet.

Airport fire services have checked planes landing at Frankfurt and Munich, a spokesman confirmed.

The carrier are the first to take the action - as a U.S. aircraft carrier sent to help relief efforts was forced to move because of the radiation leak at Fukushima.

The ship was around 100 miles north-east of the plant when radiation was detected.

Japan has asked America for more equipment to help cool quake-damaged nuclear reactors.

Earlier a state of emergency had been declared after the high levels of radiation were detected at the nuclear power complex.

Thousands of families have been evacuated and many more were yesterday being checked for radiation exposure as Japan began to take stock of what the prime minister labelled its ‘most severe crisis since the Second World War’ – when the U.S. dropped nuclear bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki.

Tens of thousands are feared dead, with bodies being picked up from beaches along a 300-mile stretch of coastline.

Others are being gathered from the sea and thousands more are believed to lie buried deep in mud under the debris of homes and cars. At least 10,000 people – half the population of the port of Minami Sanriku – were unaccounted for and the town has been virtually wiped off the map.

Nearby Rikuzentakata was also swamped and destroyed by Friday’s tsunami, killing at least 400 people.

Hundreds of Britons – many of them English language teachers – are among the missing.

Some 100,000 troops and civil defence members, backed by ships and helicopters, yesterday began the mammoth task of clearing rubble and searching for survivors and bodies.

So many people died because when the nine-magnitude Pacific Ocean earthquake struck 80 miles off the coast of Sendai, warnings were issued that a tsunami would hit land in an hour.

But survivors said it struck in nine minutes.


Explosion: Smoke rising from the Fukushima number one nuclear plant after a blast in Unit One on Saturday

Enlarge 

Reaching out: A young woman who has been isolated at a makeshift facility to screen, cleanse and isolate people with high radiation levels, looks at her dog through a window in Nihonmatsu, northern Japan

There were warnings last night that strong aftershocks, with a magnitude of six or more, could be expected for at least another week – and Tokyo shuddered several times yesterday as a series of shocks struck the city.

But the gravest consequence of the earthquake and tsunami could yet be felt, as scientists frantically tried to control the threat of nuclear meltdown.

Men in white protective suits and masks swept Geiger counters over frightened survivors yesterday as nuclear experts around the world monitored the crippled and unstable Fukushima plant, 150 miles north of Tokyo.

Up to 200,000 people were evacuated from within a 12-mile radius of the plant, which remains the biggest threat.

Officials revealed that 22 people had already been recorded with radiation poisoning, and they said around 190 were in the plant’s vicinity when radioactive steam was deliberately leaked in an attempt to cool the reactors.


On the move: Police wearing protective clothing and respirators head towards the the nuclear plant in Minamisouma City, Fukushima Prefecture yesterday


Sleeping: People who are evacuated from a nursing home which is located in evacuation area around the plant rest at a temporary shelter in Koriyama today

And the words designed to reassure the public that they were in no danger from any leaked radiation were at odds with those from the operator of the plant, Tokyo Electric Power.

The company conceded that radiation levels around the complex had risen above the safety limit but tried to appease the public by stating that it did not mean an ‘immediate threat’ to human health.

It also emerged yesterday that the government ignored explicit warnings from a Japanese expert on nuclear power more than three years ago.


Damaged: The roof of reactor number one at the Fukushima plant after an explosion that blew off the upper part of the structure

Professor Ishibashi Katsuhiko, of Kobe University, said the guidelines introduced to protect the nuclear plants were ‘seriously flawed’ and that the plants were vulnerable to major quakes.

‘Unless radical steps are taken now to reduce the vulnerability of nuclear power plants to earthquakes, Japan could experience a true nuclear catastrophe in the near future,’ he warned in 2007.

 


Elsewhere, millions of people are without power and water, factories will remain closed for weeks and Tokyo has been warned there will probably have to be power cuts to conserve electricity.

At rescue centres in Sendai, where people prepared for a third night sleeping on the floor, notice boards are cluttered with the names of the missing.

Weeping survivors said they could only pray that poor communications had failed to put them in touch with their loved ones. 

One elderly woman reading through one of the lists suddenly exclaimed: ’That’s me! They say I’m missing. Well, here I am. My sons must be worried sick about me. But I’m OK.’

Rail services to Sendai and beyond were postponed indefinitely and the only way anyone had any hope of reaching the stricken region was by air, flying to towns on the west coast and attempting to drive across the island. 

But police have blocked many roads, to keep them clear for rescue vehicles and ambulances.

From the air, rail carriages could be seen lying on their sides. Cars and houses were piled up like debris thrown on to a huge rubbish tip.

 

Scary scene: Police officers wearing respirators guide people evacuating the area around the plant

Meanwhile, a Navy crew delivering aid received almost a month’s worth of radiation in just one hour.

The U.S.S. Ronald Reagan was around 100 miles (160km) offshore when low-level radioactive contamination was detected from the stricken Fukushima plant.

Low radiation levels were detected on 17 members of the crew on three helicopters as they returned to the ship after delivering aid to the devastated city of Sendai. 

Most of the radiation was found on the clothing of the 17-man crew, but also on one's skin. The sailors were said to not have experienced ill-effects following the incident.

Contamination was found on the helicopters, which were scrubbed down on landing.


Radiation: Crew on helicopters returning to the USS Ronald Reagan were contaminated after delivering aid

The U.S. Seventh Fleet has moved its ships and aircraft away from the Fukushima plant - hit by two explosions since Friday’s dramatic earthquake and tsunami.

The radiation fears were raised as the helicopters returned after delivering aid.

The helicopters sounded the alert around 60 miles from the coast and the ship’s sensors also sounded when it was 100 miles north east of the plant.

The fleet said the dose was around the same as one month's normal exposure to the environment’s natural background radiation.


Aid effort: 17 members of the helicopter crew were affected by radiation from the stricken Fukushima plant

The Reagan and several other Navy ships were later repositioned away from the wind coming from Fukushima as a 'precautionary' measure, a U.S. Navy spokesman said.

‘The maximum potential radiation dose received by any ship's force personnel aboard the ship when it passed through the area was less than the radiation exposure received from about one month of exposure to natural background radiation from sources such as rocks, soil and the sun,' Navy spokesman Jeff Davis said.

He told ABC News: 'We remain totally committed to our mission of providing assistance to the people of Japan.'



Read more: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-1366055/Japan-earthquake-tsunami-America-nuclear-alert-Fukushima-explosion.html#ixzz1Ge3shVdk
--

Antidotes

.http://doctorapsley.com/RadiationTherapy.aspx

Radiation Toxicity Antidotes
(C) 2010 by John W. Apsley, II, MD(E), DC - www.doctorapsley.com
 
Here you will learn:
Ø What radioactive elements are the threat from Fukushima
Ø What the Government is not telling you
Ø
What is The Petkau Effect
Ø What are the specific health risks to you & your family
Ø What the sequence to these threats will be over the next 5 years
Ø What history has taught us
Ø What misinformation are we being told? 
Ø What you & your family can easily and effectively do to potentially overcome these risks
       NOW!
 
Q: What specifically is arriving in the air we breathe and unto U.S. soils and water supplies from radioactive Fall-Out emanating from Fukushima's nuclear power plant meltdown?
A: Right alongside the biologically significant levels of Iodide-131 arriving onto our shores, the extremely low levels of radioactive metals Cesium-137, Strontium-90, Tellurium-132, and Yttrium-91/90 are of primary concern over the short term. Americium-243/241, Barium-140, Plutonium-244/240/239/238 and Uranium-235/234 are of secondary concern over the long term.(H) 
 
At points along where the molecule-size radioactive particles lodge in our bone marrow and organs - even in extremely low levels due to The Petkau Effect - there will be an immediate, sustained, minuscule, lethal tissue ionization (via lipid peroxides). Over the short-term, this especially impacts our immune system and hormonal producing pathways, insidiously injuring and even killing the very young and old.18 As time goes on and we absorb more and more trace amounts of radioactive particles from contaminated air, water and food, this is akin to undergoing millions or even billions of internal paper cuts 24/7. Unless our tissues posses adequate reserves of antioxidants and innate resistance, over decades this will resurrect itself into deranged genetic behavior (via mutated DNA), dramatically increasing the risks for developing cancer.19, 86 
 
All exposures to radiation from all sources become cumulative in our body. There is no safe level of radiation exposure. Our body's ability to cope with it is called our innate resistance to radiation. Humans are not designed to handle even the lowest doses of radiation without it potentially overloading our innate resistance. But there are ways to boost our innate resistance that can make all the difference if we knew the full scope, types and context of our exposures.
 
Full Scope:
This information should contain, per capita, the day by day, week by week, month by month, and year by year quantities of radioactive Fall-Out per county or region. In this fashion, we can determine what our daily schedule must be for including overall quantites of antioxidants added into our diet. See below under "What History Has Taught Us" and the section following pertaining to "Misinformation and Misapplied Science" to understand what we actually mean in regards to the Full Scope of our exposure.
 
Types:
This information should contain the specific source(s) of the radiation and make clear distinctions between any differing sources of radiation. In this case, the Fukushima Fall-Out contains exact elements, and we must now deal with each separately. So we need to know their respective toxic properties, where they tend to specifically accumulate in the body, and what specific antidotes for each work most effectively. Think of it this way - types of radiation come from different sources of radiation, which prefer to collect in specifc areas of out body, and each has specific antidotes.
          Furthermore, it is critical not to confuse emissions or rays of radiation coming from medical diagnostic testing with Fall-Out particles which produce rays or radiation. For example, some official spokespersons like to compare low level daily exposures of Fall-Out from Fukushima here in the U.S. to a single dental x-ray. When in reality, both are two different types of radiation entirely. This is akin to comparing apples to oranges. For example, radioactive particles of Fall-Out once lodged into the lungs or intestinal tract, keep bombarding us with radiation 24/7 as opposed to a simple one time dental x-ray only bombards us once and for a few milliseconds.
          Lastly, some types of radiation target specific tissues or glands over other areas. Picking just the right antioxidant or dietary tools that most antidotes as well as efficiently removes each specifc kind is essential (see next).
 
Context:
This information should contain the impact of the above upon our tissues and organs as unique individuals. We are all a bit different from one another. That is, how will our innate resistance be impacted according to the short term and long term toxicity of the above in the context of our sex, age, medical history, nutrient profile and lifestyle? 
          For example, radiation at low levels first harms the fatty membranes in our cells over the short term via lipid peroxidation. Certain lifestyles can exascerbate this; other lifestyles help cope with it if internal reserves of lipid antixodants abound.
          But over the long term, our DNA becomes the target of embedded radioactive particles, coupled to cumulative exposures including medical X-rays. So, the longer we live, the more the threat. We we know the secrets to aging Age can mean a big difference here, with those folks mature and leading a healthy lifestyle and who use a nutritious diet better positioned to stavve off the genetic damage. For others, cancer is the key risk and regenerative techniques must be put into play as soon as possible (see the "Four Pillars" sub-tab under the "Home" page).
          In other words, differing kinds of damage require different kinds of antidotes to effectively reverse radioactive damage. One group of antioxidants that protects our fatty membranes, and one group of antioxidants that protect our genetic core. Another set of antoxidants can specifically intervene at the gland or tissue involved, such as the thyroid galnd, while another set can provide for the most efficient means to escort out the specific offending radioactive particle out of our body.
          Also, context is about not confusing low level exposures with high level exposures. Both have toxic impacts independent of each other. Low level radiation can be much more harmful than higher levels of radiation. Or, in some cases as with the unfortunate workers at Fukushima, high level radiation will be more harmful than their low level exposures.
          Lastly, both high and low levels of exposure to radiation are cumulative. Many low level exposures over a given set of time, may be unrecognized as harmful if the cumulative amont is the only guide post used. For example, if the person's internal reserves of antioxidants is low, or their innate resistance to radiation is low, then that person will experience greater harm than a person undergoing the same expsoure who has a higher innate resistance from having higher reserves of internal antioxidants.
 
In Review:
Tragically, our Government is not giving us the full scope, types and context of our current dilemma, only general statements which are often over-simplistic, confusing and/or out of context. In fact the very nature in which our Government has huddled around the issue of military and industrial nuclear energy makes it impossible it could ever be honest and completely forthcoming with the American public.93
          We need the dirty details so we can bend fear into insight and then take appropriate, timely action through proper understanding. But for decades the apparatus put in place in our Government has been contrary to such communicatons.  Most importantly, no information is being provided covering the risks to low level radiation when our tissues become embedded with tiny amounts of radioactive nanoparticles. Instead we are simply told levels are too low to be concerned about. What hogwash!85-89, 96, 98-100
          These nanoparticles keep emitting their radiation constantly - 24/7, something not being discussed and leads the general public into a false sense of security. In reality, these gaps of open, honest discussions in place of shunning our responsibility to do the right thing has dire consequences within our Government. In this manner we have all been enablers fostering our Government to shift into a Nanny State mentality and modus operandi. That's why we now only receive these official, carefully crafted, mass media pronouncements that amount to hollow wordsmithing reciting unscientific constructs. In place of wordsmithing bullet points that are only meant to placate the unsuspecting and niave, we must demand from our servants in the government to cease and desist all the mumbo-jumbo. We must insist upon immediate dialogue which openly and honestly discusses The Petkau Effect. Only then can we discuss at the national level the most effective means to deal with counter-measures that may make all the difference for both the short term as well as the long term1-7, 20, 21, 34-40, 80-84, 104
 

For scientists, the Petkau Effect may be illustrated as follows:18, 22, 64 

A long term exposure of extremely low radiation (i.e., one-ten millionth of a rad per minute) was found to be 100 BILLION times MORE lethal than a short term exposure to exceedingly high level radiation (i.e., 10,000 rads per minute). As it turns out, Petkau discovered that at exceedingly high radiation levels, the abundant free radicals generated in tissues tended to cancel each other out before they could do cellular damage. But at extremely low levels of radiation, these same free radicals - produced in minuscule quantities - remain unchecked. And any steady stream of unchecked free-radicals will efficiently and lethally cleave lipid cellular membranes like a hot knife slicing through butter once they overwhelm and exhaust cellular antioxidant defenses. This dramatically illustrates the non-linear aspects of dose (rads) to lethality. Most scientists specializing in the field of nuclear medicine are unaware of this fact. And most think strictly in terms of genetic damage, while the above presents its lethal affects upon cell membranes and only secondarily to the genetic core. 

Q: What is the no-spin truth regarding our health risks arising from this radioactive Fall-Out?
A: For the short term: The Petkau Effect is a "must know subject" so that we can effectively combat this new threat to our health and protect our children without fear. We can do this; we just have to get ourselves properly informed to the no-spin truth, and then go to work to solve this crisis with select nutrients rich in antioxidants and special regenerative repair factors proven to be highly effective against radiation poisoning. Examples of short term health threats pertain to:18
Ø Pregnant women for premature births;
Ø Our infants for pneumonia, influenza and septicemia (i.e., up to 900% greater death rate from normal in regions
      receiving the most low dose Fall-Out - see Dr. Sternglass quote below); and
Ø Our adults and senior citizens most at risk for immune deficiency crises.

A: Over the long term: Cesium-137 will concentrate in the fatty tissues, Iodine-131 in the thyroid gland, breast tissues and ovaries, Strontium-90 and Uranium-235/234 in the bone, and Uranium-235/234 and Plutonium-244 in the liverEven to this very day, the children in Belarus are suffering from toxic overloads of Cesium-137 in their bodies due to the 1986 Chernobyl incident.83, 84 Examples of long term health threats specifically pertain to:

Ø Our children for thyroid cancer, leukemia and learning defects;85, 88, 99

Ø Our women for breast cancer (i.e., only 18% of American women live within 100 miles of nuclear power plants, yet this small group accounts for 55% of all
      breast cancer cases in the U.S.);117
Ø Our general population for various forms of chronic degenerative diseases, including the crippling neurological diseases.70, 72 
To avoid this, these radioactive metals need to be removed from our tissues just as fast as they arrive. So, keep reading! For further example, we must think both in terms of initial impact, as well as long term impact on mortality (death) and morbidity (injury) rates.
 
Initial Impact:
We have a great deal of lessons learned from the case related to the April 1986 Chernobyl incident concerning a single reactor's complete meltdown. If I were defining stages to a meltdown, I would use the following guidelines:(I), 110-113
Ø Phase I Meltdown is when hydrogen gases build up to the extent that the outer containment structure explodes or vents large amounts of steam containing 
      lower molecular weight radioactive isotopes, i.e., Iodide-131; Cesium-137, Strontium-90 and/or Tellurium-132.
Ø Phase II Meltdown is when the outer coatings to the fuel rods (Zircaloy) exceed 2000oF, and the inner most containment structure cracks and starts seeping
      heavier elements into the environment, i.e., Barium-140, Plutonium-244/240/239/238, and/or Uranium-235/234.
Ø Phase III Meltdown is when the Zircaloy ignites causing an explosion, resulting in a global catastrophic event because the most lethal of all radioactive
      isotopes, Plutonium-244/240/239/238 and/or Uranium-235/234 are jetisoned high into the atmosphere, and proceed to contaminate across the globe.
We now know that as of March 16th, Fukushima's nuclear reactor units 1, 2 & 3 have all experienced at least Phase I Meltdown, and since Plutonium has been detected in the outer environment, one or more Units is likely to have experienced a Phase II Meltdown according to the above criteria.119 Plus we have fuel rods in non-containment shielded pools of water at Units 4, 5 & 6. These are also potentially prone to release toxic radioactive isotopes or possibly explode if water levels should fall and expose these rods to open air for sufficient time periods (see National Academy of Science report: NAS3-15-05.pdf). Phase I Meltdown has occurred at least in Unit 4. 
 
The only difference the pundits may now debate is related to the fact that these exposed reactor cores and exposed fuel rods have yet to suffer a powerful secondary Zirconium oxide (Zircaloy) explosion as Chernobyl appears to have undergone back in April of 1986.(I) 
 
Regardless, Chernobyl's immediate aftermath as experienced here in the U.S. during the year following the incident was meticulously compiled by a top U.S. expert in the Fall of 1987. And for his efforts, he was blacklisted:(B), 41 

"(Dr. Ernest J. Sternglass of the University of Pittsburgh) presented at the First Global Radiation Victims Conference in New York in September 1987, impressively conveyed the seriousness of the radiation problem. The infant mortality rate following the arrival of the Chernobyl fallout in early May of 1986 showed a 54% increase in June 1986 in the Pacific region of the United States. Washington State had the highest rate in the region with a 245% increase in deaths per thousand live births. California was next highest with a 48% increase in infant mortality as compared to June of the year before. These high rates lasted for July and August. Massachusetts led the nation in post-Chernobyl increase of infant mortality rate with an increase of 900% per thousand live births! Massachusetts also had a decline of 70% in newborns. The rate of live births also decreased throughout the country in response to the Chernobyl fallout. The US fertility rate decreased 8.3% in July and August to the lowest level ever observed in United States history."

Long Term Impact:
But the long term impact of the Chernobyl incident is even more devastating as has been recently brought to light by two independent research groups. Here in the U.S., the Radiation And Public Health Project (RPHP) organization, a not-for-profit group comprised of renown researchers in the field of nuclear-related epidemiology, has comprehensively compiled the death rates due to the 1986 Fall-Out over a decade or more.88, 100 And in 2007, The New York Academy of Sciences published a report from Russian investigators on the corresponding Eastern European holocust.99 Together, these two respective groups document that the collective U.S. and European death toll from this single event has now surpassed two (2) million and continues to grow due to the ongoing food chain contamination issue!
 
In Review:
According to the best evidence to date pertaining to North America, over the next five (5) years this may/will lead to significantly greater risks to:(A), (B), 18, 19, 22, 85, 88
Ø Pregnant women for premature births;
Ø Our infants for pneumonia, influenza and septicemia;
Ø Our children for thyroid cancer, leukemia and learning defects;
Ø Our women for breast cancer;
Ø Our adults and senior citizens most at risk for immune deficiency crises; and
Ø Our general population for various forms of chronic degenerative diseases including autoimmune diseases as well (more on this to follow shortly). 
 
Bending Fear Into Insight
 
 
Q: What is the sequence to these risks we will face in the coming days from this radioactive Fall-Out?
A: The Fall-Out will present in THREE forms or threats to our health:

 

1. The first will be the immediate airborne threat over the next several weeks heading into the U.S. For comparative analysis that may pertain to fall-out coming out of a Fukushima Meltdown, John Christensen working as a staff scientist in Berkeley Lab’s Earth Sciences Division has co-authored a study describing how lead pollution travels from Asia to the U.S.. His research - based in part upon photos taken by NASA's Sea-viewing Wide Field-of-view Sensor - was recently published in the journal Environmental Science & Technology (see fallout map to immediate left).42 

 

For up to the date tracking updates, see: http://transport.nilu.no/browser/fpv_fuku?fpp=conccol_Xe-133_;region=NH

 

We are now concerned with the most lethal radioactive particles should they become airborne. Since Reactor Units 1, 2 & 3 all experienced hydrogen explosions prior to March 14, we know that the outer coating to the fuel rods had become overheated.112 The outer coating is composed of Zirconium oxide which when combined to steam is exothermic at all termperatures.(I) At temperatures below 2,000oF, this metal-steam combo releases vast amounts of hydrogen, which caused the initial super-pressure explosions.111 At the same time, this event also released airborne Iodide-131, Cesium-137/134, and Tellurium-132107 likely in sufficient quantities to initiate The Petkau Effect in both animals and humans for thousands of miles downwind once the particles embed into their respective host tissues.

@ normal criticality or normal flux of neutron energy < 1200oC then: 2(H2O) + Zr --> ZrO2 + 2(H2) --> releases vast amounts of hydrogen gas

 

However, if these fuel rods become exposed to open air because of a coolant leak, high-intensity meltdown of the core initiates. Temperatures would quickly surpass the previous ranges, and could easily set up the big one. For example, if temperatures exceed 1500oC or 2,732oF (which is possible since high-intensity meltdown temperatures - due to low coolents or low water - easily approach 5,000oF), Zircaloy becomes highly ignitable in the presence of super-heated steam and adequate oxygen.(I), 113 So, when water is finally added back into the picture, bingo...

 

@ prompt criticality or high-flux of neutron energy ("takeoff" threshold) > 1500oC then: 2(H2O) + Zr --> ZrO2 + 2(H2) --> super heated ZrO2 + O2 --> ingition --> explosion --> nanoparticle release of radioactive elements, most alarmingly Plutonium-240/239/238.

 

This would not be a small explosion like we saw on T.V., this would be much more powerful. Why?

 

Collectively, these fuel rods contain lots of Zircaloy which could translate into quite an explosion. Most nuclear power plants have between 20 to 25 tons of total Zircaloy on site, but because Fukushima has 6 Reactors, we may be looking at closer to 100 tons of this explosive material now at risk.110 An explosion of such magnitude, especially if it involved Fukushima Reactor Unit 3, would likely cause a global catastrophic event. This is because the fuel rods in Unit 3 are enriched with Plutonium (MOX fuel rods). If that happens, due to the extreme toxic effects from inhaling plutonium (it is perhaps one of the most toxic substances known), cancer death rates would skyrocket across much of the world, despite offical propaganda bullet points which try to minimize the concerns.120 And most unfortunately for Japan, an area the size of Pennsylvania outward from Fukushima would likely become uninhabitable for thousands of years.(L)

 

Such an event would give The Petkau Effect a whole new meaning. Hopefully, secondary explosions of Zircaloy itself will be prevented. To that end, the world's largest cement pumps are now underway to Fukushima (as of April 1st). Just as with Chernobyl, this may be the only way to contain or prevent the secondary explosions many times more lethal than the first salvo.118 So, what of the initial salvo of explosions?

 

Depending upon which "starting date" you use (the date of the first detection of radioactive cesium being airborne or when helicopter crews from the USS Ronald Reagan were first documented to have been exposed, i.e., March 14th, 2011), we can expect the West Coast of the U.S. to begin to receive at least minimal fallout within 7 to 10 days or possibly on the weekend of March 18th - 20th, 2011.

 

This may mean that by the 1st of April, the entire region of North America will have undergone the first round of Fall-Out exposure, even if at undetectable levels in many areas. As the upper air currents traveling in excess of 80 knots per hour repetitively cycle around the globe over and over again, the stock of radioactive airborne materials will fall out as part of normal rain fall or as simple dust particles. At these rates of speed, once the Fall-Out enters into the Jet Stream, the below graphic strongly supports an arrival of the first tier of Fall-Out into the U.S. Western shoreline for the weekend of March 18th - 20th.

 

In fact, it has just been confirmed as of Friday, March 18th, 2011, that low levels of radiation above normal have reached our Western shores.

 

See: http://www.canada.com/sports/radiation+detected+west+coast/4464251/story.html

 

More specifically, students at the University of Washington are now documenting Fall-Out in the NW. They have found radioactive Cesium-137/134, Iodide-133/132/131, and Tellurium-132 to date.

 

See: http://www.technologyreview.com/blog/arxiv/26571/

 

And as of March 24th, students at University of California in San Fransisco had collected rainwater containing levels of radioactive Iodide-131 18,100% above legal EPA limits.121

 

Next, as of March 29th, the BBC reported that radioactive Iodide-131 has been detected in the U.K., 6,000 miles due West of Japan (meaning the Jet Stream, which goes from West to East, brought this radioactivity from Japan and into the U.K. soils over a distance of 18,000 miles).92

 

So, as of April 1st, 2011, what is the real story? Well, it appears we have three official versions. This is further confused by the fact that we are likely dealing with not just one Reactor core which has partially breached, but perhaps the cores to Reactor Units 1, 2 & 3 in all.

 

First off, as of March 29th, Fukushima Reactor Unit 2 was reported to have undergone at the very least a partial meltdown - meaning containment has been lost.  This event was initially measured by workers of the plant's operators - Tokyo Electric Power Company or TEPCO, as leaking radiation 10 MILLION times greater than normal.108 Leakage of Plutonium-240/239/238 would be consistent with such high amounts of detected radiation, even if present in highly limited areas in and around the plant. 

 

Within hours, higher up TEPCO officials recanted, and stated the release was closer to 100,000 times normal radiation levels.105

 

Still later in the week, this figure was lowered once again to just 10,000 times over the normal radiation levels.109

 

And as of the afternoon on April 1st, PST, TEPCO officials now claim the latest 10,000 figure is also inaccurate.116

 

Then we add to this the statements that 17 workers at Fukushima were exposed to a high, but non-lethal dose of radiation, and that three of them were exposed to almost double the amount as the others, but still in the non-lethal range.(K) So, what happens next? After a delay of several days, family members start reporting to the press that their son or daughter who worked at Fukushima during this crisis are now expected to die.118

 

Now each of these workers are required by law to wear a dose badge (called a dosimeter), which detects total radiation exposure. Obviously there is a disconnect between the badges of these folks, and the translation of the data to the press by the official spokespersons.

 

This begs the question, if you are really not trying to cover-up the seriousness of the problem, why not just take more comprehensive measurements and solve the issue? Or is the entire area covering Reactor Units 1, 2 & 3 simply too toxic to put humans into harm's way? And if that is the case, as is likely, why not simply use Robotics, something the Japanese are famous for? For now (April 1st), no one is saying. Well except for this as of April 3rd - TEPCO now says it's software must have a glitch because the readings are simply too high for their in-house scientists to believe. Really? What this unmistakably leaves us with is that TEPCO and Japanese officials appear to be resorting to conjecture, denial, pitiful excuses, or worse, a cover-up conspiracy.

 

And some of these arguments aiding the conjecture or cover-up can be quite clever. For example, some officials are claiming that if the 10 million times above normal level was an accurate reading, then other radioactive isotopes should be present that have not yet been reported. Well, if they are not taking accurate radiation level measurements, how can they expect to conduct a thorough scan for all the possible differing radioactive isotopes?

 

Notwithstanding, to date, Iodide-131, Cesium-137, Tellurium-132 and Plutonium-240/239/238 have all been detected in and around the nuclear power plant with the exception of Tellurium-132, which was detected in Fall-Out at the University of Washington in Seattle, WA. The tracking for Xenon-133 (a leading indicator for tracking Fall-Out patterns) would help to indicate what the likely track is for the lighter radioactive elements as just listed (see below-right).106, 107  

 

The presence of Plutonium-240/239/238 presents some real issues, most importantly, what is its source? The best guess at present is that the highly toxic MOX fuel rods found exclusively in Reactor Unit 3, which contain relatively high levels of Plutonium,114 have suffered at least partial meltdown, and this is the source of the Plutonium in and around Fukushima.

 

Finally, although the heavier radioactive nuclei are less prone to going airborne without an explosion, for the extremely small nanoparticles it is not inconceivable for radioactive nuclei like Americium-243/242/241, Plutonium-244/240/239/238 and Uranium-235/234 to get airborne and reach the Western shores of the U.S. as early as April 5th or 6th in trace amounts. So, we had better get prepared NOW.90, 91

 

Furthermore, you can now join a Nationwide effort to track this Fall-Out on an amateur basis. See: http://www.radiationnetwork.com/

 

2. The next threat will be when it enters into our water supply and food chain over the many weeks and perhaps months ahead, which will be most likely related to Cesium-137 and Strontium-90 - both with half lives of approximately 30 years.

 

3. The last threat stems from the extremely low levels of radiation which become ever present due to radioactive materials burrowing into our tissues. This will be by far the more deadly and insidious form of radiation poisoning to those living in North America, and is properly called The Petkau EffectThe Petkau Effect is in many ways identical to what happens when underground fires ignite and cannot be extinguished. Indeed, there are locations around the world where abandoned coal mines went ablaze and simply cannot be put out. Some of these have smoldered slowly out of control for 30 years or more. The same may occur within our very own bodies when radioactive Iodide-131, Cesium-137, Strontium-90 and Tellurium-132 enter our lungs as we breathe or in through our digestive tract when we eat or drink contaminated foods or water.(A), 22

 

In other words, unless you are a worker at a damaged nuclear power plant, or live within a few miles of Fukushima, for now you don't need to worry about acute spikes in radiation which are fleeting, since few will ever experience such an event.(K) You should be concerned about tiny scattered particles that settle into our tissues undetected, and not worry about amounts sufficient to trigger Geiger Counter alarms going off at airport check stations. The tiny amounts of exposure which are more likely to occur give off constant ionizing radiation that burns us at the molecular level over many years before causing a diagnosable issue.19

 

Also, the cloth-paper masks that many people use around their faces are useless to protect from these tiny particles. Sorry folks! You would need advanced charcoal filters that are quite bulky and more expensive to achieve any meaningful "up-front" protection for your lungs. Therefore, be forewarned that any official positions claiming that, "only low levels of radiation have been detected and therefore pose no real health threat to the American public," are suspect and should be viewed as phraseology more properly akin to either misinformation or outright propaganda.(B), 18 

 

For example, at least one nuclear physicist appearing on a cable news channel on March 18th has already reported that the amount of radiation that has landed on U.S. soil would expose those proximal to it to "about the same amount of radiation we receive when we get a single dental X-ray." Well, excuse me, but once we ingest these particles, they continuously bombard us with radiation for days, weeks, months and even years before being eliminated. This is totally unlike that of a single dental X-ray which only exposes us to a one time milliseconds of exposure. Obviously this scientist has not yet taken the time to review The Petkau Effect.

 

No doubt many scientists will continue to compare apples to oranges by comparing diagnostic X-ray exposures to trace particles entering into our food chain and then our bodies from Fukushima Fall-Out. Or worse, is to hear our officials make statements to the effect that, "Only low levels of radiation have been detected, and these are well within government 'permissible' standards which poses no risk to the general public." All these comparisons or standards are the hallmark of unscientific constructs, since the government readily admits there is no such thing as safe levels of radiation.66 Most importantly, to my knowledge no one has compared The Petkau Effect, rad for rad, against extremely short diagnostic X-ray exposures in side by side tissue or animal studies. As clearly stated above, lethality is not linear in terms of dose of rads when The Petkau Effect is in play.
 
Putting The Petkau Effect aside for the moment, all additional amounts of radiation compound the already harmful levels in the environment. Since: (A) the start of the first above ground nuclear bomb testing (1950's & 60's), and then later from (B) the contributions of secret nuclear reactor radioactive releases and accidents (1970's up to the present day), collectively their radioactive Fall-Out isotopes influence our environment and food chain - via their half-life - for (C) decades (i.e., Cesium-137, Strontium-90, Tellurium-132 and Yttrium-91/90), and then furthermore for (D) hundreds and even tens of thousands of years (i.e., Americium-243/241, Plutonium-244 and Uranium-235/234).(H), 66  
 
In Review:
So now we clearly see and understand:
(A) What the current threats are,
(B) How to track them, and
(C) For over what duration must we stay focused on them, enabling us to approach them one by one with...
(D) Real, permanent solutions.
 
Q: What has history already taught us that is essential for us to know to superimposed upon the above understandings? 
A: History has taught us to "hope for the best," but "plan for the worst" and to educate oneself better than the politicians or their official scientific spokespersons!
 
Since WWII, over 555,000 TRILLION picocuries of radiation have been released into the Earth's biosphere much of it with a highly toxic half life exceeding tens of thousands of years.(H), 18 Thanks to this release of radiation into the global food chain, plus modern day exposures from all sources, the average human being contains 250,000 picocuries of radiation on any given day. And we are constantly adding in more. For example, an average glass of beer contains 390 picocuries.114
 
A picocurie is simply a specific amount or unit of radiation coming off any source that is radioactive. When radiation enters into a life form like human beings, it impacts the biology of that life form. Here in the U.S., the biological impact of picocuries upon our tissues is also given in specific amounts or units called rems.
 
Normal background radiation is said to be 0.24 rems per year. Yet, the average U.S. citizen from many man-made as well as natural sources receives 0.36 rems of radiation annually. For example, just one CAT Scan can add 0.69 rems into our tissue at one time. So, we are already receiving above normal background radiation levels before we become exposed to further accidents like Fukushima. Therefore, the next time any pundit says you are just going to receive new amounts of radiation below the normal background levels, realize this will add on top of your body's current radiation burden. Now here is the kicker. There is no "safe" level of radiation.66 Any new amounts added into our systems that invoke The Petkau Effect is playing Russian Roulette. Only by fortifying our innate resistance do we have the opportunity to check or neutralize this continuous life long threat.
 
When one considers the emerging evidence linking so many autoimmune diseases to environmental toxic exposures (including within war zones69) and UV radiation, this helps to explain the dramatic rise, for example, not only of Cancer, but also Hashimoto's Disease,51 Hypothyroidism Type 2, Diabetes Type 2,50 Colitis, Crohn's Disease, Lupus, Scleroderma, ALS,72, 73 MS,52 R.A., Osteoporosis, Fibromyalgia, Chronic Fatigue Syndrome, Universal Allergic Reactors, Alzheimer's Disease, infertility, Autism, Low Birth Weight, the rise in Birth Defects, Infant Failure to Thrive Syndromes (i.e., SIDS), etc...53, 54 With the exception of radon, specific links to endemics of autoimmune diseases and environmental regions of radioactivity are not being investigated or reported out of our government agencies, nor their official designated scientific agencies, which suggests a policy of cover-up.(B) Only emerging independent studies performed by not-for-profit dedicated scientists track these associations with cancer in humans which may arise from chronic, low level radiation poisoning.(B), (F)  The under reporting of untoward effects stemming out of the Chernobyl incident is a classic example. 

 

For example, attempts have been made to grossly underestimate the death rate from the Chernobyl incident, down to just 31 individuals!97 So, let's get this straight... U.S. cancer rates into the tens of thousands - are much higher within a 100 mile radius of fully operational, intact, nuclear power plants as opposed to areas free from nuclear power plants, and yet a complete meltdown with an explosion occurring at a Russian nuclear power plant caused only 31 deaths??? See graph to immediate right.117 Russians must really be super human indeed. (In real truth, according to comprehensive research published by The New York Academy of Sciences in 2007, that low-ball figure was raised to 985,000 deaths attributable to the Chernobyl incident, which included the greater regions affected in the Ukraine, Belarus and pertaining Russian territories.)98, 99

 

In Review:
Now like no other time in human history, we must consume daily doses of select antioxidants and the building blocks to our internal antioxidant enzymes just to keep ahead of this destructive radioactive body burden. In this manner we may keep our innate resistance at optimal functional levels.
 
See: www.radiation.org for further information. 
 
 
Q: What other misinformation or misapplied science is being reported by the main stream pundits?
A: Many scientists enlisted as expert spokespersons in the mass media are either intentionally or unintentionally confusing similar scientific phenomena as identical scientific phenomena.
 
Currently there are a group of esteemed physicists who are suggesting that low levels of radiation from multiple sources, can be beneficial. They are citing some very compelling evidence which suggests that cancer rates can actually go down, not up, with long term, low level exposures to toxic radioactive nuclei such as Cobalt-60 or Cesium-137. They also link this kind of radiation to the principles of "hormesis" something of which Eclectic Physicians are quite familiar with. And finally, they cite mineral rich hot springs which are known to emit low level radiation from a naturally occurring radioisotope called radon.30 In fact it is true that the hot springs in Attica, Lesvos and Ikaria Greece, and in the Misasa Hot Springs District of Japan are renown for spontaneous healings arising from proper use of these therapeutic waters. These springs typically present short term exposures to folks, and with levels of radon that have been naturally encountered by human beings for millennia. However, harmful sequelae appear to be associated with (A) longer exposure periods coupled to (B) higher levels of mixed radioactive contaminants (i.e., Uranium-244 plus radon), a sign of possible cumulative deleterious effects.56. 57, 58, 59, 60, 61
 

This illustrates what happens when nuclear physicists are looking in the wrong direction, even if for the right reason. Chernobyl and Fukushima are not identical in any way to natural radon exposures found in therapeutic hot springs. But their respective Fall-Out could compound the effects of the natural radon emissions in unknown ways. So, we must avoid forming premature conclusions which are not applicable to the actual, full scale context of this latest incident. Therefore in my book, there is no such thing as safe, low level exposures to "man-made" sources of radiation.(F), 55, 66 

 

Indeed, to date, I am unaware of any positive health benefits attributable to the Chernobyl incident or exposures to depleted uranium (DU) such as happened in the U.S. Gulf-Wars.67, 68, 69, 70, 71 If any do exist, please send me the reports. I am aware of at least one report of how wild animals in and around Chernobyl have made a comeback, but I find it uncompelling. For example, after Reindeer herds which inhabited Chernobyl's fall-out zones ate contaminated lichen, they all were exterminated because of their exceedingly high tissue levels of Cesium-137, and this is still a serious problem for the children in the region today.63, 82, 83, 84

 

Additionally, radiation has a way of hiding its inherent lethality over many years for those wishing to rush through their studies. For example as just previously mentioned, careful collection of epidemiological evidence over nearly two decades paints a much clearer and dier end-result than those who rushed to judgment. A comprehenisve study published 21 years after the Chernobyl incident, which carefully applied statistical analysis to regions most laden with Fall-Out, showed that not 31 deaths, but in reality 985,000 deaths resulted from this single catastrophe.99

 

In Review:

Statisticians can omit or disqualify relating data points just as easily as they can include it. It depends upon what vested interests are in play,62 and/or the comprehensiveness of the statistician(s).(B), (F), 18 

1. We should have first been focused on identifying disease associations other than cancer that arise out of

    radiation Fall-Out, so these could be tracked over time, STARTING AT THE CELL and BELOW CELL LEVEL

    (see below).

2. Then we should have been looking into populations which have lived within 100 miles of nuclear power

    plants for several decades and their risk assessments for these associated radiation diseases, including

    autoimmune disorders and all forms of cancer.

3. Then we could have been using these two subsets to focus in more accurately on long term health trends

    of folks who were initially exposed to radioactive Fall-Out and their subsequent health experiences including

    those of their children.88 This is the basis to Hypothyroidism Type 2, and I suspect other escalating glandular

    and immune disorders, since insults upon the mitochondrial mechanisms appear to transfer down to offspring.(G)

 

As Abraham Lincoln admonished us, "You can fool some of the People some of the time, but not all of the People, all of the time."

 

Accounting for phenomena that suggests humans or animals actually benefit from select kinds of radiation exposure including radioactive Fall-Out.

 

These official government spokespersons and nuclear physicists are reminded about the principles established by the Father of modern cell physiology, Claude Bernard:47

 

 

 

Bending Insight Into Science We Can Trust

 

So how does Strict Determinism impact our current situation? Well, it is the principle which may very well save us. It is all about what principles or reference points we focus on to use as a directional heading & road map to get us out of this mess. This will determine what we must do.

 

But beyond that, without the proper reference points that include associated risks and adequate time periods to properly assimilate such differing kinds of data, confusion will prevail when trying to gauge radiation morbidity and mortality statistics from the latest incident at Fukushima. This will determine how long we must take action to protect ourselves.

 

For good reason, many of us feel we cannot trust those who we sent to represent us in our government farther than we can throw a dollar bill. This is because crony capitalism is hard at work, putting vested interests ahead of We, the People and common sense. When it comes to reporting to us the full facts relating to radiation releases and their impact upon our health, history tells us we are being hihgly manipulated, even after President Clinton led the first effort to expose the truth in 1997 (see Department of Energy's Advisory Committee on Human Radiation Experiments Report in endnote 93 below, plus endnotes 94-96). This is because it has been the official Federal policy to withhold the truth about radiation exposures to the U.S. public since the 1950's for both military as well as private sector vested interests. So, we must realize WE are the government, not the paper pushers or vested interests or puppet masters who have taken up positions all throughout our government to insure we are kept from the full truth. Don't get mad about all this, just get educated. In the end, it is up to us to protect ourselves, our family, our neighbors and our country.93, 94, 95, 96

 

In summary, what are the proper reference points that will tell us here and now if low levels of any kind of radiation are potentially beneficial or harmful to human tissues? These reference points derive from those discovered by Abram Petkau, Gilbert N. Ling, and two other experts in BioEnergetics, relating to EIGHT factors:31, 32, 33

 

Ø     Does the radiation level overwhelm the lipid antioxidant defenses of the host's tissues (e.g., are toxic levels of malondialdehyde or MDA produced and/or glutathione reserves depleted?). Or do the tissues recover and demonstrate healthy cell or tissue regeneration alongside optimal levels of functional lipid antioxidants (NAC, Glutathione, CoQ10(H), Vitamin E, Omega 3 oils, etc...)?

Ø    Does the radiation disrupt or improve aerobic metabolism of the cell or tissue or lead to healthy cell or tissue regeneration which displays optimal aerobic metabolism?

Ø    Does the radiation improve the pH profile of the external and internal milieu of the cell or tissue or lead to healthy cell or tissue regeneration which displays optimal pH?

Ø    Does the radiation improve the structured water (polarized multilayers of water or PM water) within the cell or lead to healthy cell or tissue regeneration which display optimal PM water?

Ø   Does the radiation improve or harm the normal spectrum of mineral elements in the cell and their proper locations or lead to healthy cell or tissue regeneration which displays optimal mineral reserves?

Ø    Does the radiation improve or harm the special proline-rich-peptides within cells that are the scaffolding to the PM water in the cell or lead to healthy cell or tissue regeneration which displays optimal proline-rich-peptide reserves?

Ø    Is the 'Phase Angle' of the body improved by the radiation exposure or lead to healthy cell or tissue regeneration which displays optimal Phase Angle?

Ø     And finally, is the negative millivolts of the cell and tissues improved from the radiation exposure or lead to healthy cell or tissue regeneration which displays optimal millivolts?

 

 

Physicists who doubt that man-made, low level radiation falling within so-called: (A) "normal background radiation levels" or (B) "permissible radiation levels" causes massive harm would serve the general public very well by addressing the above questions. Until they do, they stand on inadequately circumspect data points.83-89 

 

Eclectic physicians often specialize in BioEnergetics, the Fourth Pillar to The Regeneration Effect. And what these experts will tell you is that select low levels of radiation that disrupt cell membranes will trigger attempts in tissues to regenerate the damage, which is termed autophagy.49 Just enough autophagy with just enough antioxidants and reserves of their respective substrates (building blocks) and other essential factors like oxygen and you are ØØØ "In like Flint." But too much autophagy with too little antioxidants or when coupled to conditions of hypoxia (low oxygen levels), and you start generating vast numbers of premature cellular deaths, and over the longer term cancer or devastating autoimmune disease. Most folks over 50 have under saturated tissue levels of oxygen, so this is something we need to keep in mind.43 Additionally, other stores of environmental toxins or unhelpful lifestyles which include the standard American diet and smoking, will ensure low level radiation exposure can only increase risks to chronic degenerative diseases down the road. Perhaps most importantly, radioactive iodide may easily disrupt thyroid function permanently. With chronic lower thyroid hormone production, the risk to many chronic degenerative diseases dramatically goes up. Unfortunately, conventional medicine has failed to date to adequately appraise low thyroid conditions, so this only compounds inadequacies in statistical analysis.(G)
 
Therefore, only looking at cancer death rates without looking into the other diseases that can substitute in cancer's place, is misleading to say the least when examining radiation hormesis.

 

As an Eclectic Physician, my foremost concern about my own knowledge base is in regards to not knowing what I don't know about. It's one thing to know you don't know about a critical issue, but it is an entirely different matter when you don't know that you don't know about a critical issue. This is my blind spot, and it serves me well to chip away at my blind spots by practicing the Eclectic method as diligently as possible. The eclectic method is one of developing insight to see reality as it truly is. Insight is by definition the ability 'to view or determine a truth' about a critical issue from as many points of view at once, and that requires a team of trustworthy experts using the same method who remain in communication with each other. That surpasses mere reductionism (i.e., conventional sciences' current methodology), and extends into gaining clinical results where conventional thinking and practices simply fall short or fail, or are bound to fail by not preventing future catastrophic health consequences, such as what is befalling us now with this incident at Fukushima. That's who we are at the ICCTTM.

 

This being stated, how we have put this altogether (that is, what is actually occurring at the cellular level and why some animals in certain situations of radiation exposure may thrive while others die), is related to five things which we can use to overcome the trace amounts of radioactive fall-out from Fukushima. To us it all boils down to:

(A) The antioxidant capacity and potential (substrate reserves) of tissues,

(B) The steady or interrupted streams of free-radical formation (length of exposure),

(C) The capacity of the host to repair (which includes all eight factors listed above in bold),

(D) The prior cumulative stresses already present in the host, and

(E) Only then about radioactive dosage levels and toxic particle elimination. 

 

 

 

Bending Trustworthy Science Into Solutions We May Implement Now
 
Q: What can I do now to protect myself from nuclear fall-out arriving from the meltdown of Japan's nuclear power plants?
A: The good news is that we can protect ourselves now. And furthermore, we may actually be able to use this incident to our advantage to induce unscheduled healing, if we keep on top of it.
 

What we must all do now is to fortify our internal cellular milieu and bring online our very own Regeneration Effect within. This turns the table in regards to Claude Bernard's principle of Strict Determinism, and enables us to achieve "what we damn well please" - that is - a favorable outcome. Specifically, we may still enjoy life free from the threat of low level radiation exposures, if we know exactly what to do. So let's begin...

 
SHORT TERM ANTIDOTES:

 

1.     N-Acetyl-Cysteine (NAC) is the most powerful short term quencher of ionizing radiation. It is a nutrient, a simple amino acid from protein. For adults (weighing above 150lbs) , it may be taken in dosages of 500mg to 600mg daily for protection from toxic metals and other poisons. For younger adults weighing 100lbs to 149lbs, 400mg to 500mg daily affords adequate protection in most situations. In children weighing less than 100lbs, but above 50lbs, 200mg daily is a suitable dose. For infants, toddlers or children weighing less than 50lbs, 50mg to 100mg daily may be used in juice, as long as no sensitivity to NAC arises (i.e., light skin rashes). In this manner, NAC may be used daily on an indefinite basis, as it is a harmless amino acid our bodies will use to establish antioxidant defenses and aid the immune system. It is also an adequate remover (i.e., chelator - from the Greek which means that which "grabs onto or claws into") of toxic metals from the body, such as radioactive cobalt and directly and indirectly uranium.44, 45, 46 Uranium is quite stubborn about exiting without a fight and could require baking soda to speed things up - see references at very end of page - plus melatonin.23  Liver protection from fall-out radioisotopes like uranium, plutonium, etc... is nicely accomplished via combining NAC + Sea Vegetables (see next) + Melatonin + Selenium + small amounts of baking soda (see number 7 below for all advisories). Lastly - rarely some adults are sensitive to NAC, so be aware of special advisories regarding its long term use. In those cases, use high-quality Whey products.6, 7

 

2.     Iodide is also a first line of defense mineral supplement, since it can out-compete radioactive iodide from entering into our bodies.11  Kelp and other seaweeds are also excellent chelators of toxic metals from the body, especially if high fiber intake is also being incorporated into the diet.9, 10, 83, 84 

       Despite misinformation to the contrary, if you have no known allergy to shellfish or iodide, rationale supplementation with iodide can be a good thing. For average size adult women, daily Thyroid needs amount to 50mcg alone, while breast tissues, ovaries and other tissues collectively require up to 3000mcg daily. For men, their intake should be at least 1,000mcg daily, unless they are sensitive to the mineral.74, 75, 76 Eclectic physicians may use up to ten times or more of the female dose to treat chronic fatigue and advanced Fibromyalgia with great success,77 as well as to detoxify out of the system the toxic halides bromide, chloride and fluoride.78

       For example, individual tablets of Kelp, Irish Moss or Dulse typically contain on average 200mcg of iodine. So, 5 tablets taken at once may equal 1,000mcg of iodine. If 5 tablets are taken at each meal, then the daily dose of iodine from these sources alone would approach 3,000mcg daily. However as referenced above, building up slowly to this level is essential, as iodine tends to rinse out toxic body burdens of toxic fluoride, bromide and chlorine if present. Therefore, when high levels of iodine are taken too quickly without building up to optimal levels, these toxic elements may exit en mass too quickly causing skin rashes, minor hair loss, or very rarely even asthmatic reactions. Eclectic physicians will neutralize this sensitivity with up to 3,000mg daily of Vitamin C.79 But by simply discontinuing the supplement for several days, skin or hair issues should quickly clear up on their own. But if you do experience anything more dramatic, check in with your doctor right away. So always increase slowly and according to tolerance to avoid getting into this kind of situation to begin with. Remember, iodine is an essential nutrient our bodies must have every day to make adequate levels of essential hormones. 

       If sensitivities to iodine do surface, and then clear after discontinuing, and you want to resume taking iodine supplements, check in with your doctor and see if he or she will allow you to begin taking 3,000mg of Vitamin C daily, and then give you the go-ahead to start with very small iodine of iodine daily (1/4 tablet daily). Slowly work up to a maximum of 1 tablet daily, and report to your doctor if your tolerance to iodine at this level of intake is secure. Gradually over time, most folks can up their dosage in this manner, although more slowly than other people. Several months down the road, one initially sensitive may find themselves able to take 400mcg to 1,000mcg daily if patience rules the process. In the rare event any intake of iodide causes resumption of symptoms, including minor hair loss, substitute Chlorella or Spirulina below. 

 

3.     Chlorella (and other blue green algae) is a superior protector and chelator of radioactive metals from the body and contains no less than 20 superior neutralizers to radioactive poisons. 5 per meal (250mg each or 1250mg per meal) is a great dose for adults, 3 per meal for young adults and children, and 1 per meal for the very young. Make sure the Chlorella brand you buy has the outer cell wall "cracked" for best absorption. More may be taken, but it is suggested to never exceed 40 tablets daily for adults. Spirulina is a very acceptable cheaper alternative, although the taste is more objectionable for children.3, 4, 29

 

4.     High quality bone meal (rich in Calcium & Strontium Hydroxyapatite) will also protect against radioactive strontium poisoning and penetration of uranium into bone. 3 per meal as labeled is suggested for adults, young adults and children, and 1-2 per meal for the very young.12

 

5.     Natural Vitamin E Complex - To stop cell membrane destruction. 800iu per day is an excellent dose for average adults, and 400iu per day for young adults and children. Toddlers and infants may be given 100iu per day in juice. (Side Note: Krill Oil, CoQ10(H) and Melatonin are more powerful than Vit. E, but also more expensive. See below...)

 

6.     Consuming High fiber and seaweed dishes on a regular basis must be used to maximize the best effects of the above tools. These will help insure removal (chelation) of toxic radioactive metals from the body.

 

7.     Baking soda - Should be taken only on rare occasions, that is, only if exposures to uranium or plutonium can be confirmed, even in trace amounts, for your area. Baking soda is an efficient means to remove these metals quickly (especially uranium). There are several medical conditions which contradict taking baking soda, so be sure you have doctor's clearance before consuming baking soda. Taking baking soda once weekly should pose no health threat if no other medical conditions are present which require restriction of sodium intake. For adults with no medical contraindications, and who have good reason to believe they have been exposed to traces of radioactive fall-out, especially uranium, taking 1 teaspoon of baking soda in 1 cup water or juice up to seven (7) times daily on an empty stomach - on one day out of every seven days - may be warranted. If you have a day of fasting each week, or one of light eating, this would be the perfect day to perform this procedure; but again, only if it has been confirmed you were likely exposed to extremely low levels of the radioactive heavy metals such as uranium.  Please see the long list of abstracts regarding baking soda as an effective chelator of radioactive elements at the very end of this document).14, 15

 
 
LONG TERM ANTIDOTES (for maintenance):
  • Bone Meal (protects against radioactive Strontium-90);
  • Chlorella (protects against most radioactive metals);
  • Kelp (protects against radioactive iodide and other radioactive metals);
  • Pectin from fruits and jams - sugar-free & artificial sweetener-free (protects against Cesium-137);83
  • Probiotics - several billion per capsule per meal (protects against radioactive Strontium-90);16, 17
  • Food grade Zeolite from reputable sources (more on this wonderful substance in my upcoming book).101, 102, 103, 104
 
Professional Guidelines:
In the unlikely event of an emergency concerning acute radiation poisoning, baking soda may be used when directly exposed to high levels of radioactive isotopes (Americium-243/242/241, Barium-140, Cesium-137, Plutonium-244/239/238, Strontium-90/89, Tellurium-132, Uranium-235/234, Yttrium-91/90, etc...):
 

Under a doctor's supervision, baking soda coupled to the above are tools of choice to remove these toxic metals from the body quickly.

 

For adults, up to 7 teaspoons of baking soda daily in divided dosages on an empty stomach may be used short-term (over 6 consecutive days) to accomplish significant decontamination, with route & rate of administration carefully considered by the physician. Another acceptable dosage schedule is to perform the above every other day for two weeks on, then resting for two weeks off of the baking soda schedule.

 

Now, couple this protocol to the lipid membrane protocol listed below with added probiotic supplementation and as appropriate use Aloe, Noni juice and SAW with a strict diet of no refined carbohydrates, and many of the most serious cases may gain lasting relief.7, 12, 14, 15, 21, 23, 25

 

Where run-a-way inflammation has taken hold, quadruple NAC intake & follow the natural aspirin (80mg/day), omega 3 oils (3gm/Day or fish oils, or 1gm/day of Krill oil) & GLA (from borage oil - 2gm/day) with cherry concentrate, curcumin (up to 2gm/day) and boswellia (1gm/day), plus natural anti-histamines such as quercetin (250mg three times daily). See: http://doctorapsley.com/AspirinandSynergistsforCancer.aspx.

 
In the extremely unlikely event of more grave situations, intravenous administration of 5% baking soda (in 500cc), glutathione (2gm), reduced CoQ10 (300mg), sodium ascorbate (10gm), Omega 3 oils (2gm), NAC (5gm) and elemental selenium (1mg) as sodium selenite can be administered daily over the course of a week or two, with good success where patient is incapable of ingesting oral supplements.
 
Additionally, two herbal medicines which are very potent antidotes to high radiation exposure are: high-quality Aloe vera juice 20 (for any radiation burns, internal or external), and Noni juice 13 (Morinda citrifolia). Also, eliminate all refined sugar from the diet.
 
Very importantly, bowel movements are key to removing offending radioactive isotopes from the body and should utilize pectin or alginate or chitin laden fiber products, and as possible, a series of colonics utilizing 3% baking soda.
 
If skin exposure has been confirmed, then infrared saunas using niacin and intense sweats are key, so long as the sweat can be collected on towels during the twice daily 30 minute treatments which are properly disposed of.
 
Lastly, emerging evidence suggests that one species of structured water (Fullerene-C60) may be able to protect normal cells from harmful effects of radiation therapy while simultaneously enhancing results of radiation therapy.8 More studies are needed to confirm this theory. 
 

 

Examples of Protection Schedules According to Body Weight & Budgetary Allowances

 

 

Q: What is the one, least expensive method to protect oneself from radioactive Fall-Out?

A: Eating an abundance of sea vegetables (all edible seaweeds) at each meal (chewed well), while eliminating all refined foods, especially sugar.9,10, 81 Sea vegetables are not only rich in iodine and other trace elements, but also in chlorophyll, alginate and selenium, substances very efficient at grabbing onto toxic metals and removing them from the body. Chlorophyll also aids in repair to damaged tissues. The key is liberating the goodies from sea vegetables, and cooking methods and blenders are helpful in this regard. Alternatively, Kelp or Irish Moss (also known as Bladderwart) or Dulse tablets can substitute for ingesting sea vegetables.

 

[SPECIAL NOTE # I: Most individual tablets of (1) Kelp, (2) Irish Moss or (3) Dulse - regardless of brand - contain 200mcg of iodine, plus or minus 50mcg. Each single tablet provides the minimal unit of which is an acceptable starting dosage of intake for all, providing no sensitivity to iodine is present. After all, these are simply tablets of sea vegetables, which have been consumed by human beings for millennia].

 

[SPECIAL NOTE # II: When sensitivity to iodine is an issue, and Vitamin C does not calm the sensitivity,79 substitute the more expensive (4) green-algae Chlorella (cell-wall cracked) or the lesser expensive (5) blue-green algae Spirulina to safely intervene against radioactive Fall-Out].34, 35, 36, 37 

 

 

Q: What are the top two tools to protect oneself from initial stages of radioactive Fall-Out?

A: NAC & Kelp (must not be allergic to shellfish or iodine. If allergic, switch off of Kelp and onto Chlorella or Spirulina):

 

Ø Average adults (weighing +150lbs): 500mg to 600mg NAC at breakfast, and 5 Kelp tablets with each meal.

Ø Young adults and larger children (weighing 100lbs - 149lbs): 300mg to 500mg NAC at breakfast, and 3 tablets of Kelp with each meal.

Ø For smaller children (weighing 50lbs - 99lbs): 100mg to 250mg NAC at breakfast, and 1 tablet of Kelp with each meal sprinkled into juice.

Ø For the very young (weighing less than 50lbs): 50mg to 100mg NAC, and 1 tablet Kelp daily sprinkled into juice.

 

 

Q: What are the top two least expensive tools to protect oneself from initial stages of radioactive Fall-Out?

A: Kelp & Spirulina (plus high fiber foods such as raw apples, pears, grapes, cherries, plums, blue berries, etc...).80, 81 

 

Ø Average adults (weighing +150lbs): 5 tablets of Kelp & 5 tablets Spirulina with each meal.

Ø Young adults and larger children (weighing 100lbs - 149lbs): 3 tablets of Kelp & 3 tablets Spirulina with each meal.

Ø For smaller children (weighing 50lbs - 99lbs): 1 tablet of Kelp & 1 tablet Chlorella(E) with each meal sprinkled into juice.

Ø For the very young (weighing less than 50lbs): 1 tablet Kelp & 1 tablet Chlorella daily sprinkled into juice.

 

 

Q: What are the top three tools to protect oneself from initial stages of radioactive Fall-Out?

A: NAC, Kelp and Chlorella.

 

Ø Average adults (weighing +150lbs): 500mg to 600mg NAC at breakfast, 5 Kelp tablets & 5 Chlorella tablets with each meal.

Ø Young adults and larger children (weighing 100lbs - 149lbs): 300mg to 500mg NAC at breakfast, 3 tablets of Kelp & 3 Chlorella tablets with each meal.

Ø For smaller children (weighing 50lbs - 99lbs): 100mg to 200mg NAC at breakfast, 1 tablet of Kelp & 1 tablet of Chlorella with each meal sprinkled into juice.

Ø For the very young (weighing less than 50lbs): 50mg to 100mg NAC, 1 tablet Kelp & 1 tablet Chlorella daily sprinkled into juice.

 

 

Q: What are the top four tools to protect oneself from initial stages of radioactive Fall-Out?

A: NAC, Kelp, Chlorella and Krill Oil.

 

Ø Average adults (weighing +150lbs): 500mg to 600mg NAC at breakfast, 5 Kelp tablets & 5 Chlorella tablets with each meal + 1 cap Krill Oil.

Ø Young adults and larger children (weighing 100lbs - 149lbs): 300mg to 500mg NAC at breakfast, 3 tablets of Kelp & 3 Chlorella tablets with each meal + 1 cap Krill Oil.

Ø For smaller children (weighing 50lbs - 99lbs): 100mg to 250mg NAC at breakfast, 1 tablet of Kelp & 1 tablet of Chlorella with each meal crushed & sprinkled into juice + 1 cap Krill oil squeezed & blended into milk or juice.

Ø For the very young (weighing less than 50lbs): 50mg to 100mg NAC, 1 tablet Kelp & 1 tablet Chlorella daily crushed & sprinkled into juice + 1 cap Krill Oil squeezed & blended into milk or juice.

 

 

Q: If the lipid membranes are the core issue to The Petkau Effect, what are the best tools to prevent membrane damage during initial stages of contamination?

A: Many physicians would chose R-alpha lipoic acid (thioctic acid) as their first choice since it will powerfully retard lipid membrane ionization. But unfortunately, lipoic acid tends to bind metals and deposit them into the nucleus of cells (as opposed to removing them from the body).24, 26 Therefore, it is best to use Krill oil, or 'reduced' co-enzyme Q10 [CoQ10(H)], or Natural Vitamin E(D) and Melatonin to accomplish a better end result. Krill oil, CoQ10(H) and Vitamin E would neutralize the ionizing effects onsite, while Melatonin would also seek to safely remove the offending radioactive particle from the body (via the bile route of elimination provided there is adequate fiber).7, 21, 23, 25  In order of strength, Krill Oil reigns supreme, then CoQ10(H), then Melatonin, and finally Vitamin E. But for the kinds of low dose exposures North America is likely to receive, natural Vitamin E complex should provide adequate protection if taken ahead of exposures. Melatonin is a superior multitasking nutrient and so serves purposes beyond the others. Therefore, this is a prudent tool to include if budget allows. In summary, budget prudently for the suggested schedules below, and if necessary, eliminate Krill oil in favor of Vitamin E, eliminate NAC in favor of extra Chlorella, and substitute Spirulina over Chlorella to save money as necessary.

 

Ø Average adults (weighing +150lbs): 500mg to 600mg NAC + 800iu Natural Vit. E at breakfast + 1 cap Krill oil; 5 Kelp tablets, 5 Chlorella tablets with each meal; and 10mg Melatonin at bedtime.

Ø Young adults and larger children (weighing 100lbs - 149lbs): 300mg to 500mg NAC + 400iu Natural Vit. E at breakfast + 1 cap Krill oil; 3 tablets of Kelp & 3 Chlorella tablets with each meal, and 3mg Melatonin at bedtime.

Ø For smaller children (weighing 50lbs - 99lbs): 100mg to 250mg NAC + 200iu Natural Vit. E at breakfast + 1 cap Krill oil squeezed & mixed into milk or juice; 1 tablet of Kelp & 1 tablet of Chlorella with each meal; and 1mg Melatonin at bedtime.

Ø For the very young (weighing less than 50lbs): 50mg to 100mg NAC, 100iu Natural Vit. E, 1 cap Krill Oil squeezed & mixed into milk or juice, 1 tablet Kelp & 1 tablet Chlorella daily sprinkled into juice; and 500mcg chewable Melatonin at bedtime.

 

 

Q: In view of the long term consequences from nuclear power plant meltdown, what maintenance schedules should be incorporated to best help us all prevent cancer decades down the road?

A: Kelp, Spirulina, Natural Vitamins C & E,(D) high-quality Bone Meal, high-end probiotics (acidophilus), and Melatonin + selenium along with my Getting Started tab above for complete menu planning.

 

Ø Average adults (weighing +150lbs): 400iu Natural Vit. E plus 1 capsule high potency Probiotics at breakfast; 2 Kelp tablets, 3 Spirulina tablets & 2 Bone Meal tablets with each meal; and 10mg Melatonin at bedtime with 400mcg selenium from selenomethionate. Also, one effervescent Vitamin C drink is to be ingested daily.

Ø Young adults and larger children (weighing 100lbs - 149lbs): 400iu Natural Vit. E plus 1 capsule high potency Probiotics at breakfast; 2 tablets of Kelp, 2 Spirulina tablets & 2 Bone meal tablets with each meal, and 3mg Melatonin at bedtime with 400mcg selenium from selenomethionate. Also, one effervescent Vitamin C drink is to be ingested daily. 

Ø For smaller children (weighing 50lbs - 99lbs): 200iu Natural Vit. E plus 1 capsule high potency Probiotics at breakfast; 1 tablet of Kelp, 1 tablet of Chlorella and one Bone Meal with each meal (all sprinkled into juice as appropriate); and 1mg chewable Melatonin at bedtime with 100mcg - 200mcg selenium from selenomethionate. Also, one effervescent Vitamin C drink is to be consumed daily. Chewable Vitamin C tablets may be substituted IF the brand is LOW in sugar.

Ø For the very young (weighing less than 50lbs): 100iu Natural Vit. E, 1 tablet Kelp & 1 tablet Chlorella plus 1 capsule high potency Probiotics plus 2 Bone Meal capsules opened & sprinkled into juice daily; and 500mcg chewable Melatonin at bedtime with 50mcg selenium from selenomethionate. Lastly, one effervescent Vitamin C drink is attempted to be given daily. Chewable Vitamin C tablets may be substituted IF the brand is LOW in sugar.

 

 

Best Long Term Protocol: I (Dr. Apsley) have an extended family, with children ranging in ages from 34 down to 11, and three grandkids ages 4 & 2 years of age. My recommended maintenance schedules to my family are provided below:

 

Ø Average adults (weighing +150lbs): 250mg to 300mg NAC + 400iu Natural Vitamin E plus 1 capsule high potency Probiotics & 3 capsules Krill Oil at breakfast; 2 Kelp tablets, 3 Chlorella tablets & 2 Bone Meal tablets with each meal; and 10mg Melatonin at bedtime with 400mcg selenium from selenomethionate. Also, one to three effervescent Vitamin C drinks are to be ingested daily.

Ø Young adults and larger children (weighing 100lbs - 149lbs): 250mg to 300mg NAC + 400iu Natural Vit. E plus 1 capsule high potency Probiotics & 2 caps Krill Oil at breakfast; 2 tablets of Kelp, 2 Chlorella tablets & 2 Bone meal tablets with each meal, and 3mg Melatonin at bedtime with 400mcg selenium from selenomethionate. Also, one effervescent Vitamin C drink is to be ingested daily.

Ø For smaller children (weighing 50lbs - 99lbs): 100mg NAC + 200iu Natural Vit. E plus 1 capsule high potency Probiotics & 1 cap Krill Oil at breakfast; 1 tablet of Kelp, 1 tablet of Chlorella and one Bone Meal with each meal (all sprinkled into juice as appropriate); and 1mg chewable Melatonin at bedtime with 100mcg - 200mcg selenium from selenomethionate. Also, one effervescent Vitamin C drink is to be consumed daily. Chewable Vitamin C tablets may be substituted IF the brand is LOW in sugar.

Ø For the very young (weighing less than 50lbs): 50mg to 100mg NAC, 100iu Natural Vit. E, 1 tablet Kelp & 1 tablet Chlorella plus 1 capsule high potency Probiotics plus 2 Bone Meal capsules opened & sprinkled into juice daily; and 500mcg chewable Melatonin at bedtime with 50mcg selenium from selenomethionate. Lastly, one effervescent Vitamin C drink is attempted to be given daily. Chewable Vitamin C tablets may be substituted IF the brand is LOW in sugar.

 

Q: If I am pregnant or am a nursing mother, what can I do to antidote my exposures to radiation without harming my baby?

A: This is a great subject. If you have good reason to believe you are being exposed to traces of nuclear fall-out, going very slowly but 'preemptively' is the key. Or proceed according to your doctor's instructions. Never take baking soda if pregnant or nursing, unless instructed to do so by your physician. The below presumes you are already taking a HIGH POTENCY doctor approved prenatal or nursing multivitamin/multimineral supplement. Drink lots of SAW & eat lots of fiber!!! And do not use microwave ovens please! See my Getting Started tab above.

 

Ø Starting Schedule for Pregnant and Nursing Mothers: 1 tablet of Chlorella (or 1 tablet Spirulina) + 1 tablet High Quality Bone Meal with each meal. Then at only one meal per day take: 200iu Natural Vitamin E plus 100mcg organic selenium and 500mg Vitamin C plus 1 capsule probiotics.

    If after three days of taking above, no nausea or other discomfort arises if you are pregnant, or no mild skin rash or colic arises in your nursing baby, or any other suspicious symptom, continue onto the next schedule... If you experience difficulties of any kind, go through a process of elimination to find the offending item(s). Then restart sequence. 

Ø Second Schedule for Pregnant & Nursing Mothers: 1 tablet of Chlorella (or 1 tablet Spirulina) + 1 tablet High Quality Bone Meal with each meal. Then at only one meal per day take: 200iu Natural Vitamin E plus 100mcg organic selenium and 500mg Vitamin C plus 1 capsule probiotics plus 1 tablet Kelp.

    If after three days of taking above, no nausea or other discomfort arises if you are pregnant, or no mild skin rash or colic arises in your nursing baby, or any other suspicious symptom, continue onto the next schedule... If problems arise, discontinue until symptoms abate and resume the Starting Schedule.

Ø Third Schedule for Pregnant & Nursing Mothers: 1 tablet of Chlorella (or 1 tablet Spirulina) + 1 tablet High Quality Bone Meal with each meal. Then at only one meal per day take: 200iu Natural Vitamin E plus 100mcg organic selenium and 500mg Vitamin C plus 1 capsule probiotics plus 1 tablet Kelp plus 1 capsule Krill oil (or Fish Liver Oil).

    If after three days of taking above, no nausea or other discomfort arises if you are pregnant, or no mild skin rash or colic arises in your nursing baby, or any other suspicious symptom, continue onto the next schedule... If problems arise, discontinue until symptoms abate and resume the Second Schedule. 

Ø Fourth Schedule for Pregnant & Nursing Mothers: 2 tablets of Chlorella (or 2 tablets Spirulina) + 2 tablets High Quality Bone Meal with each meal. Then at only one meal per day take: 200iu Natural Vitamin E plus 100mcg organic selenium and 500mg Vitamin C plus 1 capsule probiotics plus 1 tablet Kelp plus 1 capsule Krill oil (or Fish Liver Oil).

    If after three days of taking above, no nausea or other discomfort arises if you are pregnant, or no mild skin rash or colic arises in your nursing baby, or any other suspicious symptom, continue onto the next schedule... If problems arise, discontinue until symptoms abate and resume the Third Schedule.

Ø Fifth Schedule for Pregnant & Nursing Mothers: 2 tablets of Chlorella (or 2 tablets Spirulina) + 2 tablets High Quality Bone Meal with each meal. Then at only one meal per day take: 200iu Natural Vitamin E plus 100mcg organic selenium and 1,000mg Vitamin C plus 1 capsule probiotics plus 2 tablets Kelp plus 2 capsules Krill oil (or Fish Liver Oil).

    If after three days of taking above, no nausea or other discomfort arises if you are pregnant, or no mild skin rash or colic arises in your nursing baby, or any other suspicious symptom, continue onto the next schedule... If problems arise, discontinue until symptoms abate and resume the Fourth Schedule. 

Ø Sixth Schedule for Pregnant & Nursing Mothers: 3 tablets of Chlorella (or 3 tablets Spirulina) + 3 tablets High Quality Bone Meal with each meal. Then at only one meal per day take: 200iu Natural Vitamin E plus 100mcg organic selenium and 1,000mg Vitamin C plus 1 capsule probiotics plus 2 tablets Kelp plus 2 capsules Krill oil (or Fish Liver Oil).

    If after three days of taking above, no nausea or other discomfort arises if you are pregnant, or no mild skin rash or colic arises in your nursing baby, or any other suspicious symptom, continue onto the next schedule... If problems arise, discontinue until symptoms abate and resume the Fifth Schedule.

Ø Seventh Schedule for Pregnant & Nursing Mothers: 3 tablets of Chlorella (or 3 tablets Spirulina) + 3 tablets High Quality Bone Meal with each meal. Then at only one meal per day take: 200iu Natural Vitamin E plus 100mcg organic selenium and 1,000mg Vitamin C plus plus 2 tablets Kelp plus 1 capsule probiotics plus 2 capsules Krill oil (or Fish Liver Oil) + 250mg NAC.

    If after three days of taking above, no nausea or other discomfort arises if you are pregnant, or no mild skin rash or colic arises in your nursing baby, or any other suspicious symptom, continue onto the next schedule... If problems arise, discontinue until symptoms abate and resume the Sixth Schedule. 

Ø Eighth Schedule for Pregnant & Nursing Mothers: 3 tablets of Chlorella (or 3 tablets Spirulina) + 3 tablets High Quality Bone Meal plus 1 probiotic with each meal. Then at only one meal per day take: 200iu Natural Vitamin E plus 100mcg organic selenium and 1,000mg Vitamin C plus 2 tablets Kelp plus 2 capsules Krill oil (or Fish Liver Oil) + 250mg NAC.

    If after three days of taking above, no nausea or other discomfort arises if you are pregnant, or no mild skin rash or colic arises in your nursing baby, or any other suspicious symptom, continue onto the next schedule... If problems arise, discontinue until symptoms abate and resume the Seventh Schedule.

Ø Ninth Schedule for Pregnant & Nursing Mothers: 3 tablets of Chlorella (or 3 tablets Spirulina) + 3 tablets High Quality Bone Meal plus 1 capsule probiotic with each meal. Then at only one meal per day take: 200iu Natural Vitamin E plus 100mcg organic selenium and 1,000mg Vitamin C plus 2 tablets Kelp plus 2 capsules Krill oil (or Fish Liver Oil) + 400mg NAC, and take 1mg of Melatonin at bedtime.

    If after three days of taking above, no nausea or other discomfort arises if you are pregnant, or no mild skin rash or colic arises in your nursing baby, or any other suspicious symptom, continue onto the next schedule... If problems arise, discontinue until symptoms abate and resume the Eighth Schedule. 

Ø Tenth & Final Schedule for Pregnant & Nursing Mothers: 3 tablets of Chlorella (or 3 tablets Spirulina) + 3 tablets High Quality Bone Meal plus 1 capsule probiotics with each meal. Then at only one meal per day take: 200iu Natural Vitamin E plus 100mcg organic selenium and 1,000mg Vitamin C plus 2 tablets Kelp plus 2 capsules Krill oil (or Fish Liver Oil) + 400mg NAC, and take 3mg of Melatonin at bedtime.

    If after three days of taking above, no nausea or other discomfort arises if you are pregnant, or no mild skin rash or colic arises in your nursing baby, or any other suspicious symptom, you may remain at this final schedule indefinitely... If problems arise, discontinue until symptoms abate and resume the Ninth Schedule.

 

The above schedules are designed to build intracellular glutathione stores via melatonin, selenium and NAC rapidly over time - the key molecule the body uses to eliminate radioactive metals through the bile - plus adequate antioxidant reserves such as Vitamin E which defend against lipid and genetic associated free-radicals.23, 48 The above list of nutrients also doubles as valuable nutritional items that all human beings can use, providing no allergy or sensitivity arises with their use.

 

Q: What can I do to antidote my exposures to radiation therapy for my cancer?

A: Radiation toxicity from any source, including the after effects of radioablative therapy, can be detoxified or lessened and even reversed by the use of colloidal Regeneration Factors or cRFsTM.38, 39, 40, 65 Just be sure to take after radioablative therapy has completed or is placed on hold. cRFsTM derive from select raw foods which contain high amounts of RNA or nucleoproteins as found in organ meats, nuts & seeds, sprouts, food-grade algae and bee pollen.(C)  Folks who tend to get gouty cannot take high amounts of these select foods sources, but usually can handle some intake providing the source is raw and not cooked. For example, food grade algae products, which are raw, can serve such folks well if lots of SAW is being ingested as well. All protocols for diet under this website are high in these factors, i.e., SAW plus RNA-cRFsTM.

 

For an average size adult, the foremost factors one should focus on to reduce the toxic after affects from radioablative therapy are:

 

A. NAC (as above);6

B. Chlorophyll (found in sea vegetables, and richest in Chlorella or Spirulina - 5 per meal for adults);3, 4

C. cRFsTM -  As found in Chlorella, Spirulina and organic organ meats such as liver, spleen and thymus in freeze-dried format. When taking capsules of organic

    glandulars without algae products as above, up to a combined 12 to 18 capsules per day for an average adult is optimal. When taking with algae products

    according to the above dosages, cut this amount in 1/2);1, 2, 65

D. Krill oil or Vitamin E Complex (including delta and gamma tocopherols and tocotrienols taken as above). Krill oil is 300 times more powerful than Vitamin E

    and 34 times more powerful than CoQ10 for reducing free-radical damage, mainly to cellular lipid membranes in the body;7, 21, 27, 28, 65

E. Lipoic acid as R-alpha lipoic acid (100mg three times daily for adults, 100mg daily for young adults and children, 25mg - 50mg daily for the very young - when

    no toxic metal particles are involved - just gamma rays);7

F. Melatonin (1mg to 20mg at bedtime for adults, 1mg to 3mg for children and young adults respectively);5

G. Reduced CoQ10 or Ubiquinol (100mg daily for adults, 50mg per day for smaller adults and children, 25mg daily for the very young);7, 21

H. Vitamin C and Quercetin (1,000mg three times daily and 100mg three times daily respectively);7, 21

I. Organic Selenium as selenomethionate or when grown into kelp or other foods (400mcg - 600mcg daily for adults, 200mcg - 400mcg daily for young adults,

   200mcg daily for children, 50mcg - 100mcg daily for the very young).21

J. Probiotics (1 per meal) + high-grade Aloe (1 ounce of liquid taken with each meal or 1 capsule of 200X - with Aloin removed). 

 

In some cases, the intestinal tract can become severely irritated from combinations of chemotherapy with radiation therapy. For such cases, some of the above items may further irritate the gut, such as too much Vitamin C. Shifting emphasis to cRFsTM, Omega 3 oils,  and chlorophyll (all especially rich in green and blue-green algae products), plus probiotics, high quality whey products and digestive enzymes may be essential to properly recover for the long term. The key is to isolate individual nutrients one at a time if any group of them induces more gut irritation. Play process of elimination, and you can often figure out what really works for you. If any confusion remains, your holistic trained doctor can adjust the above dosages down or up according to your weight.

 

 

Dividing dosages of NAC into smaller amounts:

Simply take one capsule of NAC and pour it into an exact amount of water. For example, with 500mg capsules, use 5 ounces of water, and for 600mg capsules use 6 ounces of water. Then take the exact amount of NAC you need according to the number of ounces you need per meal to achieve your objectives according to body weight. Refrigerate the remainder of NAC water in between meals to preserve freshness.

 

Strongly suggested additions to the diet:
All manner and selections of sea vegetables (seaweed dishes) are the first choice along with washed organic fruits.9, 10, 80, 81, 83  
 
Washing of fruits and vegetables:
If fruits or vegetables are suspected to have been exposed to Fall-Out, washing them with water and baking soda should remove the particles on the skin of the fruits. Simply mix two tablespoons per pint of water for a rinse, and that should pull off most of the radioactive particles clinging to the outer skin. Once these radioactive particles enter into the food supply chain, they will be absorbed into the fruit or vegetable. This is why it is essential in my view to be regular about taking daily supplementation as suggested above, and according to your doctor's instructions, since it is proven we can both protect and then remove radioactive particles efficiently from our bodies once absorbed.84
 

 

Always restore the body's own self-healing system first. Then the "footing" of all other natural healing tools employed will have the advantage of driving forward from the high-ground. cRFsTM are key to this strategy when dealing with all radiation toxicity situations, as is abundant SAW and plenty of fresh air. With so much to gain, and so little to lose, why not at least consider a sound maintenance schedule for you and your family?  

 

 

 

For comprehensive, well-documented, authoritative reports on U.S. government official misinformation campaigns,

outright propaganda policies and misconduct regarding radiation threats to the American public, first

see: http://www.hss.energy.gov/HealthSafety/ohre/roadmap/achre/index.html

then see: http://www.laka.org/docu/boeken/pdf/6-01-4-80-46.pdf

and finally see: http://www.breastcancerfund.org/assets/pdfs/publications/state-of-the-evidence-2010.pdf

 

 

 

Highly Suggested Additional Reading:

________________________________________________

1.    See Chapters 7 - 11 and especially 13: http://www.hss.energy.gov/HealthSafety/ohre/roadmap/achre/index.html

2.    Brownstein D, Iodine: Why You Need It, Why You Can't Live Without It. 4th Edition, Medical Alternative Press, West Bloomfield, MI. 

     ISBN: 978-0-9660882-3-6.

3.   Graeub R. The Petkau Effect: Nuclear Radiation, People and Trees, Four Walls Eight Windows, NY, 1992.

     ISBN: 0-941423-72-7.

4.   Gould JM, Goldman BA. Deadly Deceit: Low Level Radiation High Level Cover-Up, Four Walls Eight Windows, NY, 1990.

     ISBN: 0-941423-35-2.

5.   Gould JM. The Enemy Within: High Cost of Living Near Nuclear Reactors, Four Walls Eight Windows, NY, 1996.

     ISBN: 1-56858-06605.

6.   McGarity TO, Wagner WE. Bending Science: How Special Interests Corrupt Public Health Research, Harvard University Press, Cambridge, MA, 2008. ISBN: 978-0-674-04714-3.

7.   Walker JS. Permissible Dose: A History of Radiation Protection in the Twentieth Century, University of California Press, Berkeley, CA, 2000.

     ISBN: 0-520-22328-4.

 
References:

________________________________________________

 

(A). Abram Petkau, MD, PhD, performed nuclear radiation research under the Atomic Energy of Canada, Whiteshell Nuclear Research Establishment in Pinowa, Manitoba during the early 1970's.

      Also see: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Petkau_effect

(B). For a complete review on low-level radiation dangers and cover-ups, please see: Gould JM, Sternglass EJ, Mangano JJ, and McDonnell W. The Enemy Within. Four Walls Eight Windows, New York, NY

      (1996); and Gould JM, Goldman BA. Deadly Deceit: Low-Level Radiation High-Level Coverup. 2nd ed. Four Walls Eight Windows, New York NY (1991).

(C). See upcoming eBook The Regeneration Effect, Volume 1, for complete documentation covering this subject and the items listed above. See: http://doctorapsley.com/EBooks.aspx

(D). By "Natural Vitamin E" it is meant that no "dl" alpha tocopherol is present (only the "d' form is natural) and that other fractions of the Vitamin E Complex are present; for example, the gamma &

      delta fractions, plus tocotrienols.

(E). Spirulina often tastes objectionable to children when sprinkled into drinks, but Chlorella is commonly readily accepted when added into sweet natural juices or enough milk. By milk, we don't necessarily

      mean cow's milk, but rather nut milks or raw certified goat's milk.

(F). See: http://www.breastcancerfund.org/assets/pdfs/publications/state-of-the-evidence-2010.pdf pp. 61-5.

(G). See: http://doctorapsley.com/Hypothyroidism.aspx

(H). Americium-241 (which comes from the decay within nuclear reactors of Putonium-244) with half life of ~432 years;

      Americium-242 with half life of ~1,444 years;

      Americium-243 with half-life of ~7,370 years;

      Barium-140 (which comes from Cesium-137 decay) with half-life of ~13 days;

      Cesium-137 (which comes from the decay within nuclear reactors of Uranium-235) with a half-life of ~30 years;

      Iodine-131 (which comes from the decay within nuclear reactors of both Plutonium-244 & Uranium-235) with a half-life of ~8 days;

      Plutonium-244 with a half-life of ~80 years;

      Plutonium-239 with a half-life of ~24,000 years;

      Plutonium-238 with a half-life of ~88 years;

      Strontium-90 (which comes from the decay within nuclear reactors of both Plutonium-244 & Uranium-235) with a half-life of ~29 years;

      Tellurium-132 (which comes from the decay within nuclear reactors of both Plutonium-244 & Uranium-235) with a half-life of ~3 days;

      Uranium-238 with a half-life of ~4.5 Billion years;

      Uranium-235 (most common radioactive isotope from nuclear reactors) with a half-life of ~700 million years;

      Uranium-234 with a half-life of ~250,000 years;

      Yttrium-91 (which comes from Strontium-90) with a half-life of ~59 days; and

      Yttrium-90 with a half-life of ~64 hours.

      See: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fission_products_(by_element)

(I). See: http://www.infoukes.com/history/chornobyl/zuzak/page-08.htmlPatrick Reid of ALARA Research, Inc. addressed the following question related to the explosive potential of the outer coating to the

     Chernobyl fuel rods - Zirconium oxide (also known as Zircaloy)...

     Q: "Did the following reaction (which is presumably exothermic above 1800 Celsius) occur during the Chornobyl explosion? 2(H2O) + Zr --> ZrO2 + 2(H2)."

     A: "The exothermic Zircaloy-steam reaction is exothermic for all temperatures. The reaction rate becomes of some importance in typical CANDU accident analysis for temperatures >~1200 C. There is a

     significant increase in the reaction rate at ~1500 C, above which the reaction can "take off" under conditions in which the supply of oxygen is sufficient. Such takeoff will lead to temperature escalation

     which is not terminated until either the Zircaloy is totally consumed, significant heat transfer is provided to the Zircaloy, or the reaction becomes oxygen starved."

     Patrick Reid e-mail: pjreid@mi.net ALARA Research, Inc. Saint John, Nb. Canada Voice: (506) 674-9099 Fax: (506) 674-9197.

(J). So called normal background radiation levels are stated to be 2.4 millisieverts (2.4 mSv) per year, or 0.24 rems per year. Put another way, normal levels of background radiation we are exposed to average

      0.00017 mSv to 0.00039 mSv per hour according to the Worl Nuclear Association. For comparision, an average CAT scan exposes a person to 6.9 mSv, or 0.69 rems. See: Reuters. How much radiation is

      dangerous? Tokyo, March 27, 2011; First Published: 15:49 IST(27/3/2011); Last Updated: 15:51 IST(27/3/2011). (Sources: Taiwan Atomic Energy Council, World Nuclear Association, US Department of

      Transportation, US Environmental Protection Agency.) © Copyright 2011 Hindustan Times.

(K). In Tokyo, CNN reported on March 25th that at least 17 workers at the Fukushima Nuclear Power Plant had been exposed to over 100 mSv of radiation; and three were exposed in less than 1 hour to over

      170 mSv of radiation. For practical purposes, 1 rad equals 1 rem which equals 10 mSv. Linear model of risks from exposures to radiation rays (not applicable to tissue adsorbed particles) established by

      the U.S. EPA:

  •       5 rems to 10 rems equals 50 mSv to 100 mSv. These levels of exposure cause unhealthy changes to blood chemistry;
  •       50 rems equals 500 mSv. These levels of exposure cause nausea within hours after exposure and damage to the lymphatic system (spleen, bone marrow & lymph nodes);
  •       70 rems equals 700 mSv. These levels of exposure cause immediate vomiting and more extensive damage to the lymphatic system;
  •       75 rems equals 750 mSv. These levels of exposure cause immediate vomiting and hair loss within 2-3 weeks and more profound damage to the lymphatic system;
  •       90 rems equals 900 mSv. These levels of exposure cause immediate vomiting, later diarrhea, then hair loss within 2-3 weeks and more profound damage to the lymphatic system;
  •       100 rems equals 1,000 mSv. These levels of exposure cause all of the above plus hemorrhage (spontaneous bleeding) of most affected tissues, either externally or internally;
  •       400 rems equals 4,000 mSv. Frequently death results, but may be aggressively treated to prevent death;
  •       1,000 rems equals 10,000 mSv. Massive destruction of intestinal tract and massive internal bleeding, commonly resulting in death within 1-2 weeks;
  •       2,000 rems equals 20,000 mSv. Immediate massive brain damage and loss of consciousness within minutes. Fatal within hours.

 

(L). There are 23 GE Mark1 Boiling Water Reactors in the U.S. of the same design as those at Fukushima. Prior to 1980, due to concerns about a complete meltdown of such reactors, the Atomic Energy Commission reported in its WASH-740-Update: "The possible size of the area of such a disaster might be equal to that of the State of Pennsylvania." 

 

________________________________________________

 

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27. See: http://articles.mercola.com/sites/articles/archive/2008/08/14/is-krill-oil-48-times-better-than-fish-oil.aspx

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     See: http://krilloil.com/research-3.html

29. Apsley J. The Regeneration Effect: A Professional Treatise on Self Healing, Volume 2, Genesis Communications, LLC, Northport, AL, 1996;p.75. ISBN: 0-945704-02-X.

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31. Ling GN. Life at the Cell and Below - Cell Level: A Hidden History of a Fundamental Revolution in Biology. Pacific Press, NY. 2001.

32. Tennant J. Healing is Voltage: The Key to Pain Control and Chronic Disease, Tennant Institute for Integrative Medicine and Pain Control, Irving, TX. 972-580-1156.

     See: http://www.tennantinstitute.com/TIIM_MAC/Welcome.html

33. The Phase Angle is the angle between resistance and impedence, and is measured in degrees. See: http://www.rjlsystems.com/bia-disease-states.shtml

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35. Vacek A, et al. Radioprotection of hemopoisesis conferred by aqueous extract from Chlorococcal algae (Ivastimul) administered to mice before radiation. Exp Heamotol. 1990;18:237-73.

36. Qishen P, et al. Radioprotective effect of extract from Spirulina platensis in mouse bone marrow cells studied by using the micronucleus test. Toxicology Let.  1989;48:165.

37. Horikoshi T, et al. Uptake of uranium by various cell fractions of Chlorella regularis. Radioisotopes,  1979 Aug;28(8):485-87.

38. Maisin J, et al. Yeast ribonucleic acid and its nucleotides as recovery factors in rats receiving an acute whole-body dose of X-rays. Nature, 1960;186:487-95.

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40. Wagner R, Silverman EC. Chemical protection against X-radiation in the Guinea-Pig. I. Radioprective action of RNA and ATP. Int J Radiat Biol. 1967;12:101-12.

41. Cousens G. Conscious Eating. North Atlantic Books; 2 edition (April 11, 2000). ISBN13: 9781556432859

42. Ewing SA, et al. Pb Isotopes as an Indicator of the Asian Contribution to Particulate Air Pollution in Urban California, Environ Sci Technol, 2010;44(23):8911–16.

     See: http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/es101450t?journalCode=esthag

43. Manfred von Ardenne, Oxygen Multistep Therapy: Physiological and Technical Foundations. Thieme, New York, 1990;p. 64-93. ISBN-10: 0865773777.

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     17 (3):293-300. Epub 2007 Apr 18.

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     250 (1):62-9. Epub 2008 Jun 18.

47. See: http://www.claude-  bernard.co.uk/page2.htm and see: http://www.whonamedit.com/doctor.cfm/846.html

48. Periyakaruppan A, Kumar F, Sarkar S, Sharma CS, Ramesh GT. Uranium induces oxidative stress in lung epithelial cells. Arch Toxicol. 2007 Jun;81(6):389-95. Epub 2006 Nov 24.

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54. Prieto S, Grau JM. The geoepidemiology of autoimmune muscle disease. Autoimmun Rev. 2010 Mar;9(5):A330-4. Epub 2009 Nov 10.

55. Brenner DJ, Doll R, Goodhead DT, et al. (2003). Cancer risks attributable to low doses of ionizing radiation. Proc Natl Acad Sci, 100 (24):13761-13766.

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     36-44. Epub 2008 Aug 19.

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63. See: http://www.no-nukes.org/prairieisland/inthezone.html

64. See: http://www.no-nukes.org/prairieisland/hilolevel.html

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70. Bertell R. Depleted uranium: all the questions about DU and Gulf War syndrome are not yet answered. Int J Health Serv. 2006;36(3):503-20. (SIDE NOTE: This article highlights the need for appraising

     suspected DU exposure injuries in a different manner. This suggestion dovetails with my proposal related to the subject of "Strict Determinism" above along seven ideal study parameters after Ling and

     Tennant.)

71. Marshall AC. Gulf war depleted uranium risks. J Expo Sci Environ Epidemiol. 2008 Jan;18(1):95-108. Epub 2007 Feb 14. 

72. Horner RD, et al. Occurrence of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis among Gulf War veterans. Neurology. 2003 Sep 23;61(6):742-9.

73. Kasarskis EJ, et al. Clinical aspects of ALS in Gulf War veterans. Amyotroph Lateral Scler. 2009 Feb;10(1):35-41.

74. Abraham GE, The Wolff-Chaikoff effect of increasing iodide intake on the thyroid. Townsend Letter, 2003;(245):100-1.

75. Abraham GE, Flechas JD, Hakala JC. Optimum levels of iodine for greatest mental and physical health. The Original Internist, 2000;9:5-20.

     See: http://www.optimox.com/pics/Iodine/IOD-01/IOD_01.htm

76. Abraham GE. The safe and effective implementation of orthoiodosupplementation in medical practice. The Original Internist, 2004 Apr;11:17-36.

     See: http://www.optimox.com/pics/Iodine/IOD-05/IOD_05.html

77. Abraham GE, Flechas JD. The effect of daily ingestion of 100mg iodine combined with high doses of Vitamins B2 and B3 (ATP cofactors) in five subjects with Fibromyalgia. The Original Internist, 2008

     Mar;15(1):8-15. See: http://www.optimox.com/pics/Iodine/IOD-21/IOD_21.htm

78. Abraham GE. Iodine supplementation markedly increases urinary excretion of fluoride and bromide. Townsend Letter, 2003;(238):108-9.

79. Abraham GE, Brownstein D. Evidence that the administration of Vitamin C improves a defective cellular transport mechanism for iodine: A case report. The Original Internist. 2005;12(3):125-30.

     See: http://www.optimox.com/pics/Iodine/IOD-11/IOD_11.htm

80. Bandazhevskaya GS, Nesterenko VB, Babenko VI, Yerkovich TV, Bandazhevsky YI. Relationship between caesium (137Cs) load, cardiovascular symptoms, and source of food in 'Chernobyl' children --

     preliminary observations after intake of oral apple pectin. Swiss Med Wkly. 2004 Dec 18;134(49-50):725-9.

81. Hollriegl V, Rohmuss M, Oeh U, Roth P. Strontium biokinetics in humans: influence of alginate on the uptake of ingested strontium. Health Phys. 2004 Feb;86(2):193-6.

82. Gong YF, et al. Suppression of radioactive strontium absorption by sodium alginate in animals and human subjects. Biomed Environ Sci. 1991 Sep;4(3):273-82.

83. Hill P, Schläger M, Vogel V, Hille R, Nesterenko AV, Nesterenko VB. Studies on the current 137Cs body burden of children in Belarus--can the dose be further reduced? Radiat Prot Dosimetry. 2007;125(1-

     4):523-6.

84. Nesterenko VB, Nesterenko AV. Decorporation of Chernobyl radionuclides. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2009 Nov;1181:303-10.

85. Mangano JJ. Childhood leukemia in US may have risen due to Fall Out from Chernobyl, BMJ. 1997 Apr 19;314(7088):1200.

86. Graeub R. The Petkau Effect: Nuclear Radiation, People and Trees, Four Walls Eight Windows, NY, 1992. ISBN: 0-941423-72-7.

87. Gould JM, Goldman BA. Deadly Deceit: Low Level Radiation High Level Cover-Up, Four Walls Eight Windows, NY, 1990. ISBN: 0-941423-35-2.

88. Gould JM. The Enemy Within: High Cost of Living Near Nuclear Reactors, Four Walls Eight Windows, NY, 1996. ISBN: 1-56858-06605.

89.  Walker JS. Permissible Dose: A History of Radiation Protection in the Twentieth Century, University of California Press, Berkeley, CA, 2000. ISBN: 0-520-22328-4.

90. See: http://search.japantimes.co.jp/cgi-bin/nn20110330a1.html

91. See: http://www.infowars.com/fukushima-reactor-2-radiation-10-million-times-above-safe-level/

92. See: http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-scotland-glasgow-west-12892383

93. See: http://www.hss.energy.gov/HealthSafety/ohre/roadmap/achre/index.html Especially Chapters 7 - 11 & 13. This will tell you unequivocally we cannot trust our government on issues relating on

     radiation exposures to the U.S. general public.

94. Op. cit. Deadly Deceit; pp. 71-3.

95. Op. cit. The Enemy Within; pp. 1-13.

96. McGarity TO, Wagner WE. Bending Science: How Special Interests Corrupt Public Health Research. Harvard University Press, Cambridge, MA, 2010. pp. 34-6.

97. See: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chernobyl_disaster

98. See: http://www.greenpeace.org/international/en/news/features/chernobyl-deaths-180406/

99. Yablokov AV, Nesterenko VB, Nesterenko AV. Chernobyl: Consequences of the Catastrophe for People and the Environment (Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences) (paperback ed.), Wiley-Blackwell,

     2009 Dec; Volume 1181. ISBN 978-1573317573. Also see: http://www.talkradionews.com/news/2011/3/25/fukushima-crisis-could-have-long-term-impact-claims-chernoyb.html

100. See: www.radiation.org

101. Chapman KW, Chupas PJ, Nenoff TM. Radioactive iodine capture in silver-containing mordenites through nanoscale silver iodide formation. J Am Chem Soc. 2010 Jul 7;132(26):8897-9.

102. Zhang GH, Liu XS, Thomas JK. Radiation induced physical and chemical processes in zeolite materials. Radiation Physics And Chemistry, 1998 Feb;51(2):135-52.

103. Dyer A, Las T, Zubair M. The Use of Natural Zeolites for Radioactive Waste Treatment: Studies on Leaching from Zeolite/Cement Composites. Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry, 2000;

       243(3):839-41.

104. Forberg S, Jones B, Westermark T. Can zeolites decrease the uptake and accelerate the excretion of radio-caesium in ruminants? Sci. Total Environ. 1989;79:37–41.

105. See Reuters: http://ca.reuters.com/article/idCATRE72A0SS20110328 which reported the startling finding of Plutonium-238/239/240.

106. See Bloomberg: http://www.bloomberg.com/news/2011-03-25/cows-in-japan-barred-from-grazing-as-radiation-leaks-from-fukushima-plant.html which reported the findings on radioactive Cobalt, Cesium

       & Iodide.

107. Leon JD, et al. Nuclear Experiment: Arrival time and magnitude of airborne fission products from the Fukushima, Japan, reactor incident as measured in Seattle, WA, USA, Cornell University Library

       (Submitted on 24 Mar 2011 (v1), last revised 25 Mar 2011 (this version, v2)), arXiv.org > nucl-ex > arXiv:1103.4853.

       See: http://www.technologyreview.com/blog/arxiv/26571/ which found radioactive Cesium-137/134, Iodide-133/132/131, and Tellurium-132 likely arriving from Fukushima Fall-Out landing in Seattle, WA.

108. See: http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/42280076

109. See: http://hosted2.ap.org/APDefault/*/Article_2011-03-31-AS-Japan-Earthquake/id-49058e7026b74b269c2e20073e60d56c

110. See: http://karlgrossman.blogspot.com/2011/03/hydrogen-zirconium-flashbulbs-and.html

111. See: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zircaloy112.

112. See: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fukushima_I_nuclear_accidents

113. See: http://www.espi-metals.com/msds's/Zirconium.htm. This link definitely confirms Zircaloy particle coatings can explode.

114. See: http://www.nytimes.com/2011/03/26/world/asia/26japan.html?pagewanted=1&_r=1

115. See: http://www.fpl.com/environment/nuclear/nukebook_measuring_radiation.shtml

116. See: Fox News report, Channel 360, Special Report with Bret Baier, 15:25 PST, April 1st, 2011.

117. Op. cit. The Enemy Within; p. 115 & Appendix D, pp. 321-9.

118. See: http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/42371032/ns/world_news-asiapacific/. And see: http://www.foxnews.com/world/2011/03/31/japans-nuclear-rescuers-inevitable-die-weeks/?test=latestnews

119. Fox News Reporting: The Disaster in Japan with Sheppard Smith, Channel 360, 20:30 PST, April 2nd, 2001.

120. See: http://www.llrc.org/plutonium/subtopic/plutonium_pollution.htm

121. See: http://www.sfexaminer.com/local/bay-area/2011/04/radiation-bay-area-rainwater-high-weakening

 

 

Also see abstracts below:

________________________________________________

 
Seaweeds & Kelp:
 

Kitasato Arch Exp Med. 1992 Dec;65(4):209-16.

Suppression of 125I-uptake in mouse thyroid by seaweed feeding: possible preventative effect of dietary seaweed on internal radiation injury of the thyroid by radioactive iodine.

Maruyama H, Yamamoto I.

Department of Pathology, Kitasato University School of Hygienic Sciences, Kanagawa, Japan.

 

Abstract

We conducted an animal experiment to determine how dietary seaweeds rich in iodine and dietary fibers suppress radioactive iodine uptake by the thyroid, using mice and four kinds of experimental diets, three with 1% or 2% powdered fronds of the kelp Laminaria religiosa and 2% powdered laver Porphyra yezoensis, and one with cellulose. Iodine content of a hot-water extract of the kelp was 0.530 +/- 0.001%, and its dietary fiber (DF) values were 52.8 +/- 1.2%. Iodine in an extract of the laver was 0.008 +/- 0.001%, and its DF values were 41.4% +/- 0.7%. A statistically significant reduction of 125I uptake by the thyroid, 3 hours after intragastric administration of the radionuclide at a dosage of 18.5 kBq or 185 kBq in 0.3 ml aqueous solution per mouse, was observed in mice previously fed the experimental diets containing 1% and 2% kelp during periods varying from 24 hours to 7 days. The degree of the suppression was observed to depend on the amount of iodine in the diet or in the injected sample, no matter whether organic or inorganic, judging from the results of an additional experiment. Thus, we conclude that previously fed iodine-rich material, especially dietary seaweeds rich in iodine and other minerals, vitamins, and beta-carotene, such as kelps or laver supplemented with inorganic iodine, may be effective in prevention of internal radiation injury of the thyroid. PMID: 1344008

 

 

Biomed Environ Sci. 1991 Sep;4(3):273-82.

Suppression of radioactive strontium absorption by sodium alginate in animals and human subjects.

Gong YF, Huang ZJ, Qiang MY, Lan FX, Bai GA, Mao YX, Ma XP, Zhang FG.

Institute of Radiation Medicine, Beijing, China.

 

Abstract

The effect of 23 sodium alginate preparations from different species of algae (Sargassum sp.) and kelp (Laminaria sp.) on reducing the absorption of strontium was studied in detail. A pilot production procedure has been established. Na alginate from S. siliquastrum was proven to be a potent agent for reducing Sr absorption, with high efficiency and virtually no toxicity. It reduced the body burden of strontium 3.3-4.2 fold in rats. Strontium absorption in human subjects was reduced by 78% (+/- 8.9) or completely suppressed the increase of serum Sr at 2 h after ingestion of stable Sr in volunteers and decrease 24 h urine Sr to similar extent. No undesirable effects on gastrointestinal function was observed nor were Ca, Fe, Cu and Zn metabolism changed, both in the animal experiments and in human. It was concluded that alginate preparations derived from Sargassum species are a suitable antidote against radiostrontium absorption on a long-term basis, when added to bread at a 6% level. In cases of emergency, an alginate syrup preparation appears to be more suitable because of its rapid action. PMID: 1764217

 

 

 

Studies Associated with Pectin:

 

Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2009 Nov;1181:303-10.

13. Decorporation of Chernobyl radionuclides.

Nesterenko VB, Nesterenko AV.

Institute of Radiation Safety (BELRAD), 2-nd Marusinsky St. 27, Minsk 220053, Belarus. anester@mail.ru

 

Abstract

Tens of thousands of Chernobyl children (mostly from Belarus) annually leave to receive treatment and health care in other countries. Doctors from many countries gratuitously work in the Chernobyl contaminated territories, helping to minimize the consequences of this most terrible technologic catastrophe in history. But the scale and spectrum of the consequences are so high, that no country in the world can cope alone with the long-term consequences of such a catastrophe as Chernobyl. The countries that have suffered the most, especially Ukraine and Belarus, extend gratitude for the help that has come through the United Nations and other international organizations, as well as from private funds and initiatives. Twenty-two years after the Chernobyl releases, the annual individual dose limit in heavily contaminated territories of Belarus, Ukraine, and European Russia exceed 1 mSv/year just because of the unavoidable consumption of locally contaminated products. The 11-year experience of the BELRAD Institute shows that for effective radiation protection it is necessary to establish the interference level for children at 30% of the official dangerous limit (i.e., 15-20 Bq/kg). The direct whole body counting measurements of Cs-137 accumulation in the bodies of inhabitants of the heavily contaminated Belarussian region shows that the official Dose Catalogue underestimates the annual dose burdens by three to eight times. For practical reasons the curative-like use of apple-pectin food additives might be especially helpful for effective decorporation of Cs-137. From 1996 to 2007 a total of more than 160,000 Belarussian children received pectin food additives during 18 to 25 days of treatment (5 g twice a day). As a result, levels of Cs-137 in children's organs decreased after each course of pectin additives by an average of 30 to 40%. Manufacture and application of various pectin-based food additives and drinks (using apples, currants, grapes, sea seaweed, etc.) is one of the most effective ways for individual radioprotection (through decorporation) under circumstances where consumption of radioactively contaminated food is unavoidable. PMID: 20002057

 

 

Radiat Prot Dosimetry. 2007;125(1-4):523-6. Epub 2007 Feb 20.

Studies on the current 137Cs body burden of children in Belarus--can the dose be further reduced?

Hill P, Schläger M, Vogel V, Hille R, Nesterenko AV, Nesterenko VB.

Forschungszentrum Jülich GmbH, D-52425 Jülich, Germany. p.hill@fz-juelich.de

 

Abstract

After the Chernobyl reactor accident wide areas of Belarus were contaminated with radioactive fallout. The verification and documentation of the long-term development of radiation doses is still going on. A population group of special concern are the children living in contaminated regions. The annual dose limit of 1 mSv is still exceeded in some cases, essentially due to high body burdens of 137Cs as indicated by screening measurements with portable incorporation monitors. In this situation the evaluation of possible dose reduction measures in addition to the control of food contamination is being investigated. Special attention is given to the therapeutic application of a pectin preparation (Vitapect), for which a dose-lowering effect is presumed by Belarusian scientists. In a placebo-controlled double-blind study, several groups of contaminated children received a pectin compound named Vitapect for a two-week period during their stay in a sanatorium. For comparison the same number of control groups were given a placebo preparation. The 137Cs body burden of the children was measured at the beginning and the end. The mean relative reduction of the specific activity within the Vitapect groups was found to be approximately 33%, whereas the specific activity of the children who received a placebo decreased only by approximately 14%, due to clean food supply. It is known that pectins chemically bind cations like cesium in the gastrointestinal tract and thereby increase faecal excretion. Theoretical calculations based on this assumption and considering metabolism processes are qualitatively consistent with the experimentally found retention of radiocesium in the human body after pectin treatment. PMID: 17314090

 

Lik Sprava. 1993 Jul;(8):21-4.

Pectin-containing products in the dietary nutrition of subjects exposed to ionizing radiation as a result of the accident at the Chernobyl Atomic Electric Power Station.

Bereza VIa, Chaialo PP, Iatsula GS, Shimelis IV, Protas AF.

 

Abstract

Effect of natural and enriched with pectin tanned fruits on radiation-induced metabolic disorders was studied in persons subjected to radiation due to Chernobyl accident. It was shown that products in question beneficially influenced blood antioxidant system as well as brought to the norm contents of triglicerides and albumins in patients with IIa and IV types of hyperlipoproteinaemia. PMID: 8079467

 
 
Studies Associated with NAC, Selenium, Vit. C & E, Lipoic acid and CoQ10 supplementation:

 

Radiat Res. 2010 Apr;173(4):462-8.

Antioxidant diet supplementation starting 24 hours after exposure reduces radiation lethality.

Brown SL, Kolozsvary A, Liu J, Jenrow KA, Ryu S, Kim JH.

Henry Ford Hospital, Department of Radiation Oncology, Detroit, Michigan 48202, USA. sbrown1@hfhs.org

 

Abstract

Antioxidants mitigate radiation-induced lethality when started soon after radiation exposure, a delivery time that may not be practical due to difficulties in distribution and because the oral administration of such agents may require a delay beyond the prodromal stage of the radiation syndrome. We report the unexpected finding that antioxidant supplementation starting 24 h after total-body irradiation resulted in better survival than antioxidant supplementation started soon after the irradiation. The antioxidant dietary supplement was l-selenomethionine, sodium ascorbate, N-acetyl cysteine, alpha-lipoic acid, alpha-tocopherol succinate, and co-enzyme Q10. Total-body irradiation with 8 Gy in the absence of antioxidant supplementation was lethal by day 16. When antioxidant supplementation was started soon after irradiation, four of 14 mice survived. In contrast, 14 of 18 mice receiving antioxidant supplementation starting 24 h after irradiation were alive and well 30 days later. The numbers of spleen colonies and blood cells were higher in mice receiving antioxidant supplementation starting 24 h after irradiation than in mice receiving radiation alone. A diet supplemented with antioxidants administered starting 24 h after total-body irradiation improved bone marrow cell survival and mitigated lethality, with a radiation protection factor of approximately 1.18. PMID: 20334518 

 

 
Studies with RNA, Omega 3 Oils:
 

Int J Radiat Biol. 2010 Oct;86(10):867-79.

Prophylactic feeding with immune-enhanced diet ameliorates chemoradiation-induced gastrointestinal injury in rats.

Atasoy BM, Deniz M, Dane F, Özen Z, Turan P, Ercan F, Çerikçioğlu N, Aral C, Akgün Z, Abacioğlu U, Yeğen BÇ.

Departments of Radiation Oncology, Marmara University School of Medicine, Istanbul. bmatasoy@yahoo.com

 

Abstract

PURPOSE: To investigate the protective effect of immune-enhanced diet (IED) on chemoradiation-induced injury of the gastrointestinal mucosa.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty-eight Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into control (C, n=6), irradiation (IR, n=14), fluoropyrimidine (5-FU, n=14)-treated, IR + 5-FU (n=14)-treated groups. Half of each irradiated and/or 5-FU-treated groups were previously fed with IED containing arginine, omega-3-fatty acids and RNA fragments, while the other half were fed a standard rat diet (SD) for eight days before the induction of IR or injection of 5-FU. In IR groups, whole abdominal irradiation (11 Gy) was performed with 6 MV photons. In the 5-FU groups, fluoropyrimidine (100 mg/kg) was administered intraperitoneally 30 min prior to irradiation. All animals were sacrificed on the 4th day of IR or 5-FU injection.

RESULTS: Bacterial colony counts in the ceca and mesenteric lymph nodes of IED-fed rats, which have received either 5-FU and/or irradiation were significantly lower than the corresponding SD-fed groups. Morphometric results revealed that gastric, ileal and colonic injuries were less in IED-treated IR or IR + 5-FU + IED groups, as compared to SD-fed groups. However, IED did not alter DNA fragmentation ratios.

CONCLUSION: Prophylactic feeding of IED has a protective effect on chemoradiation-induced gastrointestinal injury, which appears to involve the eradication of bacterial overgrowth. PMID: 20653343

 
 
Studies Associated with Calcium Intake (and therefore pertaining to Bone Meal supplementation):
 

Health Phys. 2004 Jun;86(6):557-64.

Dietary intakes of seven elements of importance in radiological protection by asian population: comparison with ICRP data.

Iyengar GV, Kawamura H, Dang HS, Parr RM, Wang J, Akhter P, Cho SY, Natera E, Miah FK, Dojosubroto J, Nguyen MS.

Nutrition and Health-Related Environmental Studies Section Division of Human Health, International Atomic Energy Agency, Vienna, Austria. V.Iyengar@IAEA.org

 

Abstract

Within the framework of a Coordinated Research Project (CRP) organized by the International Atomic Energy Agency, Vienna, the daily dietary intakes of seven elements by adult populations living in nine Asian countries were estimated. The countries that participated in the study were Bangladesh, China, India, Indonesia, Japan, Pakistan, Philippines, South Korea (Republic of Korea, ROK), and Vietnam and together they represented more than half of the world population. The seven elements studied were calcium, cesium, iodine, potassium, strontium, thorium, and uranium. These elements have chemical and biological similarity to some of the radionuclides abundantly encountered during nuclear power production and therefore data on these elements could provide important information on their biokinetic behavior. Analyses of diet samples for these seven elements were carried out using highly sensitive and reliable analytical techniques. One thousand one hundred and sixty analytical determinations were made on two hundred and twenty samples of typical diets consumed in these countries to estimate the daily intakes of these elements by the adult Asian population. The median daily dietary intakes for the adult Asian population were found to be 0.45 g calcium, 7 microg cesium, 90 microg iodine, 1.75 g potassium, 1.65 mg strontium, 1 microg thorium, and 1 microg uranium. When compared with the intakes proposed for ICRP Reference Man by International Commission for Radiological Protection, these intakes were lower by factors of 0.41 for calcium, 0.7 for cesium, 0.45 for iodine, 0.53 for potassium, 0.87 for strontium, 0.33 for thorium, and 0.52 for uranium. The lower daily intakes of calcium, cesium, and iodine by Asian population could be due to significantly lower consumption of milk and milk products, which are rich in these elements. The significantly lower intake of calcium in most of the Asian countries may lead to higher uptake of fission nuclide 90Sr and could result in perhaps higher internal radiation dose. The use of highly sensitive and reliable analytical methods resulted in accurate and lower intake values obtained for thorium and uranium, which suggest that radiation dose from their ingestion at natural background levels is likely to be lower than what may be concluded from ICRP data. PMID: 15167119

 

 

Health Phys. 2002 Jul;83(1):56-65.

Absorption of strontium from the gastrointestinal tract into plasma in healthy human adults.

Apostoaei AI.

SENES, Oak Ridge, Inc, TN 37830, USA. iulian@senes.com

 

Abstract

The radioactive isotopes of strontium have always been a major concern in radiation protection. Currently, radiostrontium is of interest for evaluation of the health effects of the Chernobyl accident and for epidemiological studies in populations exposed to releases from the Mayak nuclear facilities in Russia. Ingestion is one of the most important exposure pathways involving radioactive strontium. The main sources of published data on the fraction of the ingested strontium that is transferred to plasma (f1) are summarized. For some of these studies, the original data had to be reanalyzed and a new iterative method to account for the elimination in feces of strontium of endogenous origin (i.e., that was absorbed to blood and has already been returned into feces) was employed. Data indicate no significant dependence of the absorbed fraction on sex or age at exposure within the adult group, but absorption of (radioactive) strontium is reduced if the intake of stable calcium is very high and is enhanced if the intake of calcium is very low. The probability distribution function of f1 values is well represented by a lognormal curve with a geometric mean of 22.3% and a geometric standard deviation of 1.44 (95% confidence interval 10.9% to 45.6%, or about a factor of 2 around the geometric mean). This distribution can be considered representative for the variability of the f1 values in a population of healthy adults. PMID: 12075684

 

 

Melatonin:

 
Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys. 2004 Jul 1;59(3):639-53.

Melatonin as a radioprotective agent: a review.

Vijayalaxmi, Reiter RJ, Tan DX, Herman TS, Thomas CR Jr.

Department of Radiation Oncology, The University of Texas Health Science Center, San Antonio, 78229, USA. vijay@uthscsa.edu

 

Abstract

Melatonin (N-acetyl-5-methoxytryptamine), the chief secretory product of the pineal gland in the brain, is well known for its functional versatility. In hundreds of investigations, melatonin has been documented as a direct free radical scavenger and an indirect antioxidant, as well as an important immunomodulatory agent. The radical scavenging ability of melatonin is believed to work via electron donation to detoxify a variety of reactive oxygen and nitrogen species, including the highly toxic hydroxyl radical. It has long been recognized that the damaging effects of ionizing radiation are brought about by both direct and indirect mechanisms. The direct action produces disruption of sensitive molecules in the cells, whereas the indirect effects ( approximately 70%) result from its interaction with water molecules, which results in the production of highly reactive free radicals such as *OH, *H, and e(aq)- and their subsequent action on subcellular structures. The hydroxyl radical scavenging ability of melatonin was used as a rationale to determine its radioprotective efficiency. Indeed, the results from many in vitro and in vivo investigations have confirmed that melatonin protects mammalian cells from the toxic effects of ionizing radiation. Furthermore, several clinical reports indicate that melatonin administration, either alone or in combination with traditional radiotherapy, results in a favorable efficacy:toxicity ratio during the treatment of human cancers. This article reviews the literature from laboratory investigations that document the ability of melatonin to scavenge a variety of free radicals (including the hydroxyl radical induced by ionizing radiation) and summarizes the evidence that should be used to design larger translational research-based clinical trials using melatonin as a radioprotector and also in cancer radiotherapy. The potential use of melatonin for protecting individuals from radiation terrorism is also considered. PMID: 15183467 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

 

 

Morinda:

 

Zhong Xi Yi Jie He Za Zhi. 1991 Jul;11(7):415-7, 390.

[Comparison with the pharmacological actions of Morinda officinalis, Damnacanthus officinarum and Schisandra propinqua].

[Article in Chinese]

Qiao ZS, Wu H, Su ZW.

College of Pharmacy, Second Military Medical University, Shanghai.

 

Abstract

There are three kinds of plants, Morinda officinalis (1), Damnacanthus officinarum (2), and Schisandra propinqua (3) whose roots have been used since the ancient time. In this paper, some of their pharmacological actions that are related to tonifying and invigorating Yang were examined and compared. The body weight, the thymus weight, the amount of leukocyte in the blood, and the continuing swimming times of the young mice could be increased with the oral administration of the water extractions of (1) and (2) (P less than 0.05-0.001). The Rt of M-receptor in the brains of the hypothyroidism mice were decreased after administration of the water extracts of (1) and (2) (P less than 0.05). (1) could also increased the amount of leukocyte in the blood of leukocytopenia mice caused by radiation of gamma-ray (P less than 0.01). (3) has not shown the obvious effects (P greater than 0.05). The results indicate that (1) and (2) have the ability of anti-fatigue, improving the immunological action of the young mice, and reducing the excitability of the para-sympathetic nervous system of the hypothyroidism mice through decreasing the Rt of M-receptor in their brains. All of them did not show acute toxicity, inducing mutation, and sexual hormone like actions. PMID: 1914038

 

 

Aloe:

 

Georgian Med News. 2009 Jun;(171):80-3.

[Radio protective drug production from fresh leaves of Aloe arborescens Mill].

[Article in Russian]

Bakuridze AD, Nikolaev SM, Berashvili DT, Bakuridze KA, Tsomaia IV.

 

Abstract

Nowadays, phytogenous drugs are wildly used as radio protective substances. The aim of the research was to study radio protective characteristics of aloe juice fraction and to develop new technology for radio protective drug production. Technological scheme for getting the drug in two stages. The first stage - extraction of juice from fresh leaves; the second stage - extracting bagasse have been developed and optimal environment for bagasse extraction are defined: Infusion of bagasse with 96 % ethyl spirit (1:1) during 30 minutes, continuation of extracting with water on correlation to raw materials 10:1 at temperature of 70 degrees C during 30 minutes. For the basis of the first series of balanced loading there are taken the optimal parameters of extracting process, on the basis of which in its turn was developed technological scheme of getting dry extract of aloe. Dry extract is a fine-dispersed reddish-yellow (brownish-yellow) powder, which can be easily dissolved in warm (40-60 degrees C) water. Pharmacological researches were conducted in the Institute of General and Experimental Biology, Siberian Branch, Russian. Academy of Sciences. The remarkable radio protective effect of the drug was revealed. PMID: 19578223

 

 

Structured Water:

 

J Photochem Photobiol B. 2010 Feb 12;98(2):144-51. Epub 2009 Dec 5.

Defensive effects of fullerene-C60/liposome complex against UVA-induced intracellular reactive oxygen species generation and cell death in human skin keratinocytes HaCaT, associated with intracellular uptake and extracellular excretion of fullerene-C60.

Kato S, Kikuchi R, Aoshima H, Saitoh Y, Miwa N.

Laboratory of Cell-Death Control BioTechnology, Faculty of Life and Environmental Sciences, Prefectural University of Hiroshima, 562, Nanatsuka, Shobara, Hiroshima 727-0023, Japan.

 

Abstract

The UVA-irradiation of 10 J/cm(2) on HaCaT keratinocytes increased 59.1% of the intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) by NBT assay and the cell viability decreased to 31.5% by WST-1 assay, comparing to the non-irradiated control. In the presence of fullerene-C60 (C60) incorporated in phospholipid membrane vehicle (LiposomeFullerene: Lpsm-Flln) of 250-500 ppm, they were restored to -9.1% to +2.3% of the ROS and 83.0-84.8% of the cell viability, but scarcely restored by the liposome without C60 (Lpsm). In HaCaT cells administered with Lpsm-Flln (150 ppm), C60 was ingested at the intracellular concentrations of 1.4-21.9 ppm for 4-24 h, and, intracellular C60 was excreted by 80% at 4h after rinsing-out, and decreased to 2-10% after 24-48 h. C60 was predominantly distributed around the outside of nuclear membrane without deterioration of intact cell morphology according to fluorescent immunostain. Thus Lpsm-Flln is found to be an effective antioxidant that could preserve HaCaT keratinocytes against UVA-induced cellular injury. Lpsm-Flln has a potential to serve as a cosmetic material for skin protection against UVA. Copyright 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

PMID: 20060738 [PubMed - in process]

 

 

J Radiat Res (Tokyo). 2008 May;49(3):321-7. Epub 2008 Feb 16.

Fullerenol C60(OH)24 effects on antioxidative enzymes activity in irradiated human erythroleukemia cell line.

Bogdanović V, Stankov K, Icević I, Zikic D, Nikolić A, Solajić S, Djordjević A, Bogdanović G.

Institute of Oncology, Department of Experimental Oncology, Sremska, Kamenica, Serbia.

 

Abstract

Radiotherapy-induced toxicity is a major dose-limiting factor in anti-cancer treatment. Ionizing radiation leads to the formation of reactive oxygen and nitrogen species (ROS/RNS) that are associated with radiation-induced cell death. Investigations of biological effects of fullerenol have provided evidence for its ROS/RNS scavenger properties in vitro and radioprotective efficiency in vivo. Therefore we were interested to evaluate its radioprotective properties in vitro in the human erythroleukemia cell line. Pre-treatment of irradiated cells by fullerenol exerted statistically significant effects on cell numbers and the response of antioxidative enzymes to X-ray irradiation-induced oxidative stress in cells. Our study provides evidence that the pre-treatment with fullerenol enhanced the enzymatic activity of superoxide dismutase and glutathione peroxidase in irradiated K562 cells. PMID: 18285660 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

 
 
Sodium Bicarbonate (Baking Soda):

 

JEM. 1917;25(5):693-719.

A study of the acidosis, blood urea, and plasma chlorides in uranium nephritis in the dog, and of the protective action of sodium bicarbonate. 

Goto K.

 

Abstract

Methods: The presence of an acidosis in dogs with experimental uranium nephritis is demonstrable by the Van Slyke-Stillman-Cullen method and that of Marriott. It is detected more readily by the former method. This acidosis is associated with increase in the blood urea and plasma chlorides and with the appearance of albumin and casts in the urine. Results: The oral administration of sodium bicarbonate diminishes the acidosis, the increase in plasma chlorides, the amount of albumin and casts in the urine, and, to a lesser degree, the increase in the blood urea following the administration of uranium. It also diminishes the severity of the changes produced by uranium in the kidneys. Conclusions: The oral administration of sodium bicarbonate to normal dogs raises the carbon dioxide content of the plasma as determined by the Van Slyke-Stillman-Cullen method, and reduces the nephrotoxicity associated with uranium exposure in dogs.

 

 

 

J Radiol. 1994 Nov;75(11):571-5.

[Management of accidental internal exposure].

[Article in French]

Fatome M.

 

Abstract

Radionucleides can penetrate into the body via the lung, the digestive tract, wounds and sometimes through healthy skin. Once they have penetrated the body, they can either remain localized at the site of entry or be rapidly metabolized. The risk is late effects. Radioelements must be eliminated as rapidly as possible decreasing the exposure proportionally. The effectiveness of the treatment depends on early institution. Nevertheless, emergency intensive care or surgery may be required. As soon as possible, explorations must be carried out to evaluate the level of contamination (human spectrometry, radiotoxicological examinations) and to start treatment. Modalities include non-specific techniques (lavage, insolubilization, laxatives) and specific techniques such as complexation or isotopic dilution (iodine for iodine, Prussian blue for cesium, DTPA for plutonium, Diamox or sodium bicarbonate for uranium). Surgical cleaning of wounds and burns is an excellent means of decontamination. External contamination is often associated. Further contamination must be prevented immediately. PMID: 7844774

 

 

 

Int J Radiat Biol. 1995 Oct;68(4):389-93.

Efficacy of 3,4,3-LIHOPO for reducing the retention of uranium in rat after acute administration.

Henge-Napoli MH, Archimbaud M, Ansoborlo E, Metivier H, Gourmelon P.

Institute de Protection et de Sûreté Nucléaire, IPSN, Fontenay aux Roses, France.

 

Abstract

Decorporation therapy is the only known effective method of reducing the radiation dose to persons following accidental internal contamination with transportable radionuclides. Deposits of actinides in bone should be minimized because development of osteosarcoma appears to be related to internal exposure. In contrast with other actinides, such as plutonium or americium where chelating agent treatment is efficient, the therapeuric approaches used for cases of uranium contamination are widely ineffective. This is the first report on in vivo efficacy of a chelating agent, a siderophore analogue code named 3,4,3-LIHOPO, after systematic exposure to natural uranium in the rat. Using the classical antidotal therapy (sodium bicarbonate) for comparison, this ligand has been investigated for its ability to remove uranium from rats after intravenous or intramuscular injection as nitrate. Following an immediate single intramuscular or intravenous injection of 3,4,3-LIHOPO (30 mumol.kg-1) urinary excretion of uranium was greatly enhanced with a corresponding reduction 24 h later in kidney and bone uranium content (to about 20 and 50% of the control rat respectively). Under identical experimental conditions, sodium bicarbonate (640 mumol.kg-1) reduced the uranium content in kidney in kidney and bone only to about 90 and 70% of controls respectively, and there was less enhancement of uranium excretion. However, when treatment was delayed by 30 min and administered intraperitoneally, there was no marked difference in retention and excretion of uranium between the two compounds. As this ligand showed no apparent irreversible toxicity at effective dosages, it is concluded that the administration of the 3,4,3-LIHOPO chelating agent represents potentially a most significant advance for prompt treatment of uranium contamination, while a more detailed investigation is necessary on the possible advantage when treatment delayed. PMID: 7594963 

 

 

Ann Pharm Fr. 1999 Sep;57(5):397-400.

[Reduction of renal uranium uptake by acetazolamide: the importance of urinary elimination of bicarbonate].

[Article in French]

Destombes C, Laroche P, Cazoulat A, Gérasimo P.

Centre d'Etudes du Bouchet, Clamart.

 

Abstract

Acetazolamide was compared with bicarbonate for the treatment of contamination with uranium. Uranium was injected peritoneally in rats, and its distribution was investigated. Acetazolamide was three times more efficient than bicarbonate in reducing the renal content of uranium. On the other hand, it had no effect on hepatic or skeletal content. In this study, renal physiology provides the basis for understanding the mode of action of acetazolamide and bicarbonate. In this context, it is of interest to determine the alkalinity of the urine, with the aim of knowing whether bicarbonate is present to mobilize uranium. PMID: 10520511

 

 

J Cell Physiol. 2005 Dec;205(3):428-36.

Alkaline induces metallothionein gene expression and potentiates cell proliferation in Chinese hamster ovary cells.

Lin KA, Chen JH, Lee DF, Lin LY.

Institute of Radiation Biology and Department of Life Science, National Tsing Hua University, Hsinchu, Taiwan.

 

Abstract

Metallothionein (MT) gene expression is increased in cadmium resistant Chinese hamster ovary cells (CHO Cd(R)) upon medium (regular or serum-free) change during culturing. Among the major components of the medium, NaHCO3 was found to be able to induce MT gene expression in a dose- and time-dependent manner. The same effect was observed with other alkaline solutions, such as HEPES and NaOH. Using MT promoter-luciferase reporter gene constructs, we found that the presence of metal response elements (MREs) in the promoter region is necessary for NaHCO3-induced MT gene transcription. This finding is further supported by the observation that the binding activity between the metal-responsive transcription factor 1 (MTF-1) and the MRE were increased after NaHCO3 treatment. Following NaHCO3 treatment, an increase in cell proliferation was observed in CdR cells but not in the parental CHO K1 cells that do not express MT transcripts due to MT gene methylation. Using synchronized cells, an increase in cell proliferation was observed 9 h after NaHCO3 addition. Notably, proliferation of CHO K1 cells was increased when transfected with an MT gene. The effect of MT on cell growth was affirmed by treating CHO K1 cells with 5-azacytidine (Aza) to demethylate the MT gene. Proliferation increased in Aza-treated CHO K1 cells after NaHCO3 treatment. These results demonstrate that NaHCO3 stimulates MT gene expression and causes an enhancement of cell proliferation in CHO cells. (c) 2005 Wiley-Liss, Inc. PMID: 15965962

 

 

Toxicol Appl Pharmacol. 2006 Jun 15;213(3):245-55. Epub 2006 Jan 4.

Effects of 12 metal ions on iron regulatory protein 1 (IRP-1) and hypoxia-inducible factor-1 alpha (HIF-1alpha) and HIF-regulated genes.

Li Q, Chen H, Huang X, Costa M.

Nelson Institute of Environmental Medicine, New York University, School of Medicine, 57 Old Forge Road, NY 10987, USA.

 

Abstract

Several metal ions that are carcinogenic affect cellular iron homeostasis by competing with iron transporters or iron-regulated enzymes. Some metal ions can mimic a hypoxia response in cells under normal oxygen tension, and induce expression of HIF-1alpha-regulated genes. This study investigated whether 12 metal ions altered iron homeostasis in human lung carcinoma A549 cells as measured by an activation of IRP-1 and ferritin level. We also studied hypoxia signaling by measuring HIF-1alpha protein levels, hypoxia response element (HRE)-driven luciferase reporter activity, and Cap43 protein level (an HIF-1alpha responsive gene). Our results show the following: (i) Ni(II), Co(II), V(V), Mn(II), and to a lesser extent As(III) and Cu(II) activated the binding of IRP-1 to IRE after 24 h, while the other metal ions had no effect; (ii) 10 of 12 metal ions induced HIF-1alpha protein but to strikingly different degrees. Two of these metal ions, Al(III) and Cd(II), did not induce HIF-1alpha protein; however, as indicated below, only Ni(II), Co (II), and to lesser extent Mn(II) and V(V) activated HIF-1alpha-dependent transcription. The combined effects of both [Ni(II) + As(III)] and [Ni(II) + Cr(VI)] on HIF-1alpha protein were synergistic; (iii) Addition of Fe(II) with Ni(II), Co(II), and Cr(VI) attenuated the induction of HIF-1alpha after 4 h treatment; (iv) Ni(II), Co(II), and Mn(II) significantly decrease ferritin level after 24 h exposure; (v) Ni(II), Co(II), V(V), and Mn(II) activated HRE reporter gene after 20 h treatment; (vi) Ni(II), Co(II), V(V), and Mn(II) increased the HIF-1-dependent Cap43 protein level after 24 h treatment. In conclusion, only Ni (II), Co (II), and to a lesser extent Mn(II) and V(V) significantly stabilized HIF-1alpha protein, activated IRP, decreased the levels of ferritin, induced the transcription of HIF-dependent reporter, and increased the expression of Cap43 protein levels (HIF-dependent gene). The mechanism for the significant stabilization and elevation of HIF-1alpha protein which drives these other parameters was previously shown by us and others to involve a loss of cellular Fe as well as inhibition of HIF-1alpha-dependent prolyl hydroxylases which target the binding of VHL ubiquitin ligase and degrade HIF-1alpha. Even though there were small effects of some of the other metals on IRP and HIF-1alpha, downstream effects of HIF-1alpha activation and therefore robust hypoxia signaling were only observed with Ni(II), Co(II), and to much lesser extents with Mn(II) and V(V) in human A549 lung cells. It is of interest that the metal ions that were most effective in activating hypoxia signaling were the ones that were poor inducers of metallothionein protein and also decreased Ferritin levels, since both of these proteins can bind metal ions and protect the cell against toxicity in human lung cells. It is important to study effects of these metals in human lung cells since this represents a major route of human environmental and occupational exposure to these metal ions. PMID: 16386771


Before and after, pictures

http://www.abc.net.au/news/events/japan-quake-2011/beforeafter.htm


Mouse over the photos to see the before and after views

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http://doctorapsley.com/RadiationTherapy.aspx

Radiation Toxicity Antidotes
(C) 2010 by John W. Apsley, II, MD(E), DC - www.doctorapsley.com
 
Here you will learn:
Ø What radioactive elements are the threat from Fukushima
Ø What the Government is not telling you
Ø
What is The Petkau Effect
Ø What are the specific health risks to you & your family
Ø What the sequence to these threats will be over the next 5 years
Ø What history has taught us
Ø What misinformation are we being told? 
Ø What you & your family can easily and effectively do to potentially overcome these risks
       NOW!
 
Q: What specifically is arriving in the air we breathe and unto U.S. soils and water supplies from radioactive Fall-Out emanating from Fukushima's nuclear power plant meltdown?
A: Right alongside the biologically significant levels of Iodide-131 arriving onto our shores, the extremely low levels of radioactive metals Cesium-137, Strontium-90, Tellurium-132, and Yttrium-91/90 are of primary concern over the short term. Americium-243/241, Barium-140, Plutonium-244/240/239/238 and Uranium-235/234 are of secondary concern over the long term.(H) 
 
At points along where the molecule-size radioactive particles lodge in our bone marrow and organs - even in extremely low levels due to The Petkau Effect - there will be an immediate, sustained, minuscule, lethal tissue ionization (via lipid peroxides). Over the short-term, this especially impacts our immune system and hormonal producing pathways, insidiously injuring and even killing the very young and old.18 As time goes on and we absorb more and more trace amounts of radioactive particles from contaminated air, water and food, this is akin to undergoing millions or even billions of internal paper cuts 24/7. Unless our tissues posses adequate reserves of antioxidants and innate resistance, over decades this will resurrect itself into deranged genetic behavior (via mutated DNA), dramatically increasing the risks for developing cancer.19, 86 
 
All exposures to radiation from all sources become cumulative in our body. There is no safe level of radiation exposure. Our body's ability to cope with it is called our innate resistance to radiation. Humans are not designed to handle even the lowest doses of radiation without it potentially overloading our innate resistance. But there are ways to boost our innate resistance that can make all the difference if we knew the full scope, types and context of our exposures.
 
Full Scope:
This information should contain, per capita, the day by day, week by week, month by month, and year by year quantities of radioactive Fall-Out per county or region. In this fashion, we can determine what our daily schedule must be for including overall quantites of antioxidants added into our diet. See below under "What History Has Taught Us" and the section following pertaining to "Misinformation and Misapplied Science" to understand what we actually mean in regards to the Full Scope of our exposure.
 
Types:
This information should contain the specific source(s) of the radiation and make clear distinctions between any differing sources of radiation. In this case, the Fukushima Fall-Out contains exact elements, and we must now deal with each separately. So we need to know their respective toxic properties, where they tend to specifically accumulate in the body, and what specific antidotes for each work most effectively. Think of it this way - types of radiation come from different sources of radiation, which prefer to collect in specifc areas of out body, and each has specific antidotes.
          Furthermore, it is critical not to confuse emissions or rays of radiation coming from medical diagnostic testing with Fall-Out particles which produce rays or radiation. For example, some official spokespersons like to compare low level daily exposures of Fall-Out from Fukushima here in the U.S. to a single dental x-ray. When in reality, both are two different types of radiation entirely. This is akin to comparing apples to oranges. For example, radioactive particles of Fall-Out once lodged into the lungs or intestinal tract, keep bombarding us with radiation 24/7 as opposed to a simple one time dental x-ray only bombards us once and for a few milliseconds.
          Lastly, some types of radiation target specific tissues or glands over other areas. Picking just the right antioxidant or dietary tools that most antidotes as well as efficiently removes each specifc kind is essential (see next).
 
Context:
This information should contain the impact of the above upon our tissues and organs as unique individuals. We are all a bit different from one another. That is, how will our innate resistance be impacted according to the short term and long term toxicity of the above in the context of our sex, age, medical history, nutrient profile and lifestyle? 
          For example, radiation at low levels first harms the fatty membranes in our cells over the short term via lipid peroxidation. Certain lifestyles can exascerbate this; other lifestyles help cope with it if internal reserves of lipid antixodants abound.
          But over the long term, our DNA becomes the target of embedded radioactive particles, coupled to cumulative exposures including medical X-rays. So, the longer we live, the more the threat. We we know the secrets to aging Age can mean a big difference here, with those folks mature and leading a healthy lifestyle and who use a nutritious diet better positioned to stavve off the genetic damage. For others, cancer is the key risk and regenerative techniques must be put into play as soon as possible (see the "Four Pillars" sub-tab under the "Home" page).
          In other words, differing kinds of damage require different kinds of antidotes to effectively reverse radioactive damage. One group of antioxidants that protects our fatty membranes, and one group of antioxidants that protect our genetic core. Another set of antoxidants can specifically intervene at the gland or tissue involved, such as the thyroid galnd, while another set can provide for the most efficient means to escort out the specific offending radioactive particle out of our body.
          Also, context is about not confusing low level exposures with high level exposures. Both have toxic impacts independent of each other. Low level radiation can be much more harmful than higher levels of radiation. Or, in some cases as with the unfortunate workers at Fukushima, high level radiation will be more harmful than their low level exposures.
          Lastly, both high and low levels of exposure to radiation are cumulative. Many low level exposures over a given set of time, may be unrecognized as harmful if the cumulative amont is the only guide post used. For example, if the person's internal reserves of antioxidants is low, or their innate resistance to radiation is low, then that person will experience greater harm than a person undergoing the same expsoure who has a higher innate resistance from having higher reserves of internal antioxidants.
 
In Review:
Tragically, our Government is not giving us the full scope, types and context of our current dilemma, only general statements which are often over-simplistic, confusing and/or out of context. In fact the very nature in which our Government has huddled around the issue of military and industrial nuclear energy makes it impossible it could ever be honest and completely forthcoming with the American public.93
          We need the dirty details so we can bend fear into insight and then take appropriate, timely action through proper understanding. But for decades the apparatus put in place in our Government has been contrary to such communicatons.  Most importantly, no information is being provided covering the risks to low level radiation when our tissues become embedded with tiny amounts of radioactive nanoparticles. Instead we are simply told levels are too low to be concerned about. What hogwash!85-89, 96, 98-100
          These nanoparticles keep emitting their radiation constantly - 24/7, something not being discussed and leads the general public into a false sense of security. In reality, these gaps of open, honest discussions in place of shunning our responsibility to do the right thing has dire consequences within our Government. In this manner we have all been enablers fostering our Government to shift into a Nanny State mentality and modus operandi. That's why we now only receive these official, carefully crafted, mass media pronouncements that amount to hollow wordsmithing reciting unscientific constructs. In place of wordsmithing bullet points that are only meant to placate the unsuspecting and niave, we must demand from our servants in the government to cease and desist all the mumbo-jumbo. We must insist upon immediate dialogue which openly and honestly discusses The Petkau Effect. Only then can we discuss at the national level the most effective means to deal with counter-measures that may make all the difference for both the short term as well as the long term1-7, 20, 21, 34-40, 80-84, 104
 

For scientists, the Petkau Effect may be illustrated as follows:18, 22, 64 

A long term exposure of extremely low radiation (i.e., one-ten millionth of a rad per minute) was found to be 100 BILLION times MORE lethal than a short term exposure to exceedingly high level radiation (i.e., 10,000 rads per minute). As it turns out, Petkau discovered that at exceedingly high radiation levels, the abundant free radicals generated in tissues tended to cancel each other out before they could do cellular damage. But at extremely low levels of radiation, these same free radicals - produced in minuscule quantities - remain unchecked. And any steady stream of unchecked free-radicals will efficiently and lethally cleave lipid cellular membranes like a hot knife slicing through butter once they overwhelm and exhaust cellular antioxidant defenses. This dramatically illustrates the non-linear aspects of dose (rads) to lethality. Most scientists specializing in the field of nuclear medicine are unaware of this fact. And most think strictly in terms of genetic damage, while the above presents its lethal affects upon cell membranes and only secondarily to the genetic core. 

Q: What is the no-spin truth regarding our health risks arising from this radioactive Fall-Out?
A: For the short term: The Petkau Effect is a "must know subject" so that we can effectively combat this new threat to our health and protect our children without fear. We can do this; we just have to get ourselves properly informed to the no-spin truth, and then go to work to solve this crisis with select nutrients rich in antioxidants and special regenerative repair factors proven to be highly effective against radiation poisoning. Examples of short term health threats pertain to:18
Ø Pregnant women for premature births;
Ø Our infants for pneumonia, influenza and septicemia (i.e., up to 900% greater death rate from normal in regions
      receiving the most low dose Fall-Out - see Dr. Sternglass quote below); and
Ø Our adults and senior citizens most at risk for immune deficiency crises.

A: Over the long term: Cesium-137 will concentrate in the fatty tissues, Iodine-131 in the thyroid gland, breast tissues and ovaries, Strontium-90 and Uranium-235/234 in the bone, and Uranium-235/234 and Plutonium-244 in the liverEven to this very day, the children in Belarus are suffering from toxic overloads of Cesium-137 in their bodies due to the 1986 Chernobyl incident.83, 84 Examples of long term health threats specifically pertain to:

Ø Our children for thyroid cancer, leukemia and learning defects;85, 88, 99

Ø Our women for breast cancer (i.e., only 18% of American women live within 100 miles of nuclear power plants, yet this small group accounts for 55% of all
      breast cancer cases in the U.S.);117
Ø Our general population for various forms of chronic degenerative diseases, including the crippling neurological diseases.70, 72 
To avoid this, these radioactive metals need to be removed from our tissues just as fast as they arrive. So, keep reading! For further example, we must think both in terms of initial impact, as well as long term impact on mortality (death) and morbidity (injury) rates.
 
Initial Impact:
We have a great deal of lessons learned from the case related to the April 1986 Chernobyl incident concerning a single reactor's complete meltdown. If I were defining stages to a meltdown, I would use the following guidelines:(I), 110-113
Ø Phase I Meltdown is when hydrogen gases build up to the extent that the outer containment structure explodes or vents large amounts of steam containing 
      lower molecular weight radioactive isotopes, i.e., Iodide-131; Cesium-137, Strontium-90 and/or Tellurium-132.
Ø Phase II Meltdown is when the outer coatings to the fuel rods (Zircaloy) exceed 2000oF, and the inner most containment structure cracks and starts seeping
      heavier elements into the environment, i.e., Barium-140, Plutonium-244/240/239/238, and/or Uranium-235/234.
Ø Phase III Meltdown is when the Zircaloy ignites causing an explosion, resulting in a global catastrophic event because the most lethal of all radioactive
      isotopes, Plutonium-244/240/239/238 and/or Uranium-235/234 are jetisoned high into the atmosphere, and proceed to contaminate across the globe.
We now know that as of March 16th, Fukushima's nuclear reactor units 1, 2 & 3 have all experienced at least Phase I Meltdown, and since Plutonium has been detected in the outer environment, one or more Units is likely to have experienced a Phase II Meltdown according to the above criteria.119 Plus we have fuel rods in non-containment shielded pools of water at Units 4, 5 & 6. These are also potentially prone to release toxic radioactive isotopes or possibly explode if water levels should fall and expose these rods to open air for sufficient time periods (see National Academy of Science report: NAS3-15-05.pdf). Phase I Meltdown has occurred at least in Unit 4. 
 
The only difference the pundits may now debate is related to the fact that these exposed reactor cores and exposed fuel rods have yet to suffer a powerful secondary Zirconium oxide (Zircaloy) explosion as Chernobyl appears to have undergone back in April of 1986.(I) 
 
Regardless, Chernobyl's immediate aftermath as experienced here in the U.S. during the year following the incident was meticulously compiled by a top U.S. expert in the Fall of 1987. And for his efforts, he was blacklisted:(B), 41 

"(Dr. Ernest J. Sternglass of the University of Pittsburgh) presented at the First Global Radiation Victims Conference in New York in September 1987, impressively conveyed the seriousness of the radiation problem. The infant mortality rate following the arrival of the Chernobyl fallout in early May of 1986 showed a 54% increase in June 1986 in the Pacific region of the United States. Washington State had the highest rate in the region with a 245% increase in deaths per thousand live births. California was next highest with a 48% increase in infant mortality as compared to June of the year before. These high rates lasted for July and August. Massachusetts led the nation in post-Chernobyl increase of infant mortality rate with an increase of 900% per thousand live births! Massachusetts also had a decline of 70% in newborns. The rate of live births also decreased throughout the country in response to the Chernobyl fallout. The US fertility rate decreased 8.3% in July and August to the lowest level ever observed in United States history."

Long Term Impact:
But the long term impact of the Chernobyl incident is even more devastating as has been recently brought to light by two independent research groups. Here in the U.S., the Radiation And Public Health Project (RPHP) organization, a not-for-profit group comprised of renown researchers in the field of nuclear-related epidemiology, has comprehensively compiled the death rates due to the 1986 Fall-Out over a decade or more.88, 100 And in 2007, The New York Academy of Sciences published a report from Russian investigators on the corresponding Eastern European holocust.99 Together, these two respective groups document that the collective U.S. and European death toll from this single event has now surpassed two (2) million and continues to grow due to the ongoing food chain contamination issue!
 
In Review:
According to the best evidence to date pertaining to North America, over the next five (5) years this may/will lead to significantly greater risks to:(A), (B), 18, 19, 22, 85, 88
Ø Pregnant women for premature births;
Ø Our infants for pneumonia, influenza and septicemia;
Ø Our children for thyroid cancer, leukemia and learning defects;
Ø Our women for breast cancer;
Ø Our adults and senior citizens most at risk for immune deficiency crises; and
Ø Our general population for various forms of chronic degenerative diseases including autoimmune diseases as well (more on this to follow shortly). 
 
Bending Fear Into Insight
 
 
Q: What is the sequence to these risks we will face in the coming days from this radioactive Fall-Out?
A: The Fall-Out will present in THREE forms or threats to our health:

 

1. The first will be the immediate airborne threat over the next several weeks heading into the U.S. For comparative analysis that may pertain to fall-out coming out of a Fukushima Meltdown, John Christensen working as a staff scientist in Berkeley Lab’s Earth Sciences Division has co-authored a study describing how lead pollution travels from Asia to the U.S.. His research - based in part upon photos taken by NASA's Sea-viewing Wide Field-of-view Sensor - was recently published in the journal Environmental Science & Technology (see fallout map to immediate left).42 

 

For up to the date tracking updates, see: http://transport.nilu.no/browser/fpv_fuku?fpp=conccol_Xe-133_;region=NH

 

We are now concerned with the most lethal radioactive particles should they become airborne. Since Reactor Units 1, 2 & 3 all experienced hydrogen explosions prior to March 14, we know that the outer coating to the fuel rods had become overheated.112 The outer coating is composed of Zirconium oxide which when combined to steam is exothermic at all termperatures.(I) At temperatures below 2,000oF, this metal-steam combo releases vast amounts of hydrogen, which caused the initial super-pressure explosions.111 At the same time, this event also released airborne Iodide-131, Cesium-137/134, and Tellurium-132107 likely in sufficient quantities to initiate The Petkau Effect in both animals and humans for thousands of miles downwind once the particles embed into their respective host tissues.

@ normal criticality or normal flux of neutron energy < 1200oC then: 2(H2O) + Zr --> ZrO2 + 2(H2) --> releases vast amounts of hydrogen gas

 

However, if these fuel rods become exposed to open air because of a coolant leak, high-intensity meltdown of the core initiates. Temperatures would quickly surpass the previous ranges, and could easily set up the big one. For example, if temperatures exceed 1500oC or 2,732oF (which is possible since high-intensity meltdown temperatures - due to low coolents or low water - easily approach 5,000oF), Zircaloy becomes highly ignitable in the presence of super-heated steam and adequate oxygen.(I), 113 So, when water is finally added back into the picture, bingo...

 

@ prompt criticality or high-flux of neutron energy ("takeoff" threshold) > 1500oC then: 2(H2O) + Zr --> ZrO2 + 2(H2) --> super heated ZrO2 + O2 --> ingition --> explosion --> nanoparticle release of radioactive elements, most alarmingly Plutonium-240/239/238.

 

This would not be a small explosion like we saw on T.V., this would be much more powerful. Why?

 

Collectively, these fuel rods contain lots of Zircaloy which could translate into quite an explosion. Most nuclear power plants have between 20 to 25 tons of total Zircaloy on site, but because Fukushima has 6 Reactors, we may be looking at closer to 100 tons of this explosive material now at risk.110 An explosion of such magnitude, especially if it involved Fukushima Reactor Unit 3, would likely cause a global catastrophic event. This is because the fuel rods in Unit 3 are enriched with Plutonium (MOX fuel rods). If that happens, due to the extreme toxic effects from inhaling plutonium (it is perhaps one of the most toxic substances known), cancer death rates would skyrocket across much of the world, despite offical propaganda bullet points which try to minimize the concerns.120 And most unfortunately for Japan, an area the size of Pennsylvania outward from Fukushima would likely become uninhabitable for thousands of years.(L)

 

Such an event would give The Petkau Effect a whole new meaning. Hopefully, secondary explosions of Zircaloy itself will be prevented. To that end, the world's largest cement pumps are now underway to Fukushima (as of April 1st). Just as with Chernobyl, this may be the only way to contain or prevent the secondary explosions many times more lethal than the first salvo.118 So, what of the initial salvo of explosions?

 

Depending upon which "starting date" you use (the date of the first detection of radioactive cesium being airborne or when helicopter crews from the USS Ronald Reagan were first documented to have been exposed, i.e., March 14th, 2011), we can expect the West Coast of the U.S. to begin to receive at least minimal fallout within 7 to 10 days or possibly on the weekend of March 18th - 20th, 2011.

 

This may mean that by the 1st of April, the entire region of North America will have undergone the first round of Fall-Out exposure, even if at undetectable levels in many areas. As the upper air currents traveling in excess of 80 knots per hour repetitively cycle around the globe over and over again, the stock of radioactive airborne materials will fall out as part of normal rain fall or as simple dust particles. At these rates of speed, once the Fall-Out enters into the Jet Stream, the below graphic strongly supports an arrival of the first tier of Fall-Out into the U.S. Western shoreline for the weekend of March 18th - 20th.

 

In fact, it has just been confirmed as of Friday, March 18th, 2011, that low levels of radiation above normal have reached our Western shores.

 

See: http://www.canada.com/sports/radiation+detected+west+coast/4464251/story.html

 

More specifically, students at the University of Washington are now documenting Fall-Out in the NW. They have found radioactive Cesium-137/134, Iodide-133/132/131, and Tellurium-132 to date.

 

See: http://www.technologyreview.com/blog/arxiv/26571/

 

And as of March 24th, students at University of California in San Fransisco had collected rainwater containing levels of radioactive Iodide-131 18,100% above legal EPA limits.121

 

Next, as of March 29th, the BBC reported that radioactive Iodide-131 has been detected in the U.K., 6,000 miles due West of Japan (meaning the Jet Stream, which goes from West to East, brought this radioactivity from Japan and into the U.K. soils over a distance of 18,000 miles).92

 

So, as of April 1st, 2011, what is the real story? Well, it appears we have three official versions. This is further confused by the fact that we are likely dealing with not just one Reactor core which has partially breached, but perhaps the cores to Reactor Units 1, 2 & 3 in all.

 

First off, as of March 29th, Fukushima Reactor Unit 2 was reported to have undergone at the very least a partial meltdown - meaning containment has been lost.  This event was initially measured by workers of the plant's operators - Tokyo Electric Power Company or TEPCO, as leaking radiation 10 MILLION times greater than normal.108 Leakage of Plutonium-240/239/238 would be consistent with such high amounts of detected radiation, even if present in highly limited areas in and around the plant. 

 

Within hours, higher up TEPCO officials recanted, and stated the release was closer to 100,000 times normal radiation levels.105

 

Still later in the week, this figure was lowered once again to just 10,000 times over the normal radiation levels.109

 

And as of the afternoon on April 1st, PST, TEPCO officials now claim the latest 10,000 figure is also inaccurate.116

 

Then we add to this the statements that 17 workers at Fukushima were exposed to a high, but non-lethal dose of radiation, and that three of them were exposed to almost double the amount as the others, but still in the non-lethal range.(K) So, what happens next? After a delay of several days, family members start reporting to the press that their son or daughter who worked at Fukushima during this crisis are now expected to die.118

 

Now each of these workers are required by law to wear a dose badge (called a dosimeter), which detects total radiation exposure. Obviously there is a disconnect between the badges of these folks, and the translation of the data to the press by the official spokespersons.

 

This begs the question, if you are really not trying to cover-up the seriousness of the problem, why not just take more comprehensive measurements and solve the issue? Or is the entire area covering Reactor Units 1, 2 & 3 simply too toxic to put humans into harm's way? And if that is the case, as is likely, why not simply use Robotics, something the Japanese are famous for? For now (April 1st), no one is saying. Well except for this as of April 3rd - TEPCO now says it's software must have a glitch because the readings are simply too high for their in-house scientists to believe. Really? What this unmistakably leaves us with is that TEPCO and Japanese officials appear to be resorting to conjecture, denial, pitiful excuses, or worse, a cover-up conspiracy.

 

And some of these arguments aiding the conjecture or cover-up can be quite clever. For example, some officials are claiming that if the 10 million times above normal level was an accurate reading, then other radioactive isotopes should be present that have not yet been reported. Well, if they are not taking accurate radiation level measurements, how can they expect to conduct a thorough scan for all the possible differing radioactive isotopes?

 

Notwithstanding, to date, Iodide-131, Cesium-137, Tellurium-132 and Plutonium-240/239/238 have all been detected in and around the nuclear power plant with the exception of Tellurium-132, which was detected in Fall-Out at the University of Washington in Seattle, WA. The tracking for Xenon-133 (a leading indicator for tracking Fall-Out patterns) would help to indicate what the likely track is for the lighter radioactive elements as just listed (see below-right).106, 107  

 

The presence of Plutonium-240/239/238 presents some real issues, most importantly, what is its source? The best guess at present is that the highly toxic MOX fuel rods found exclusively in Reactor Unit 3, which contain relatively high levels of Plutonium,114 have suffered at least partial meltdown, and this is the source of the Plutonium in and around Fukushima.

 

Finally, although the heavier radioactive nuclei are less prone to going airborne without an explosion, for the extremely small nanoparticles it is not inconceivable for radioactive nuclei like Americium-243/242/241, Plutonium-244/240/239/238 and Uranium-235/234 to get airborne and reach the Western shores of the U.S. as early as April 5th or 6th in trace amounts. So, we had better get prepared NOW.90, 91

 

Furthermore, you can now join a Nationwide effort to track this Fall-Out on an amateur basis. See: http://www.radiationnetwork.com/

 

2. The next threat will be when it enters into our water supply and food chain over the many weeks and perhaps months ahead, which will be most likely related to Cesium-137 and Strontium-90 - both with half lives of approximately 30 years.

 

3. The last threat stems from the extremely low levels of radiation which become ever present due to radioactive materials burrowing into our tissues. This will be by far the more deadly and insidious form of radiation poisoning to those living in North America, and is properly called The Petkau EffectThe Petkau Effect is in many ways identical to what happens when underground fires ignite and cannot be extinguished. Indeed, there are locations around the world where abandoned coal mines went ablaze and simply cannot be put out. Some of these have smoldered slowly out of control for 30 years or more. The same may occur within our very own bodies when radioactive Iodide-131, Cesium-137, Strontium-90 and Tellurium-132 enter our lungs as we breathe or in through our digestive tract when we eat or drink contaminated foods or water.(A), 22

 

In other words, unless you are a worker at a damaged nuclear power plant, or live within a few miles of Fukushima, for now you don't need to worry about acute spikes in radiation which are fleeting, since few will ever experience such an event.(K) You should be concerned about tiny scattered particles that settle into our tissues undetected, and not worry about amounts sufficient to trigger Geiger Counter alarms going off at airport check stations. The tiny amounts of exposure which are more likely to occur give off constant ionizing radiation that burns us at the molecular level over many years before causing a diagnosable issue.19

 

Also, the cloth-paper masks that many people use around their faces are useless to protect from these tiny particles. Sorry folks! You would need advanced charcoal filters that are quite bulky and more expensive to achieve any meaningful "up-front" protection for your lungs. Therefore, be forewarned that any official positions claiming that, "only low levels of radiation have been detected and therefore pose no real health threat to the American public," are suspect and should be viewed as phraseology more properly akin to either misinformation or outright propaganda.(B), 18 

 

For example, at least one nuclear physicist appearing on a cable news channel on March 18th has already reported that the amount of radiation that has landed on U.S. soil would expose those proximal to it to "about the same amount of radiation we receive when we get a single dental X-ray." Well, excuse me, but once we ingest these particles, they continuously bombard us with radiation for days, weeks, months and even years before being eliminated. This is totally unlike that of a single dental X-ray which only exposes us to a one time milliseconds of exposure. Obviously this scientist has not yet taken the time to review The Petkau Effect.

 

No doubt many scientists will continue to compare apples to oranges by comparing diagnostic X-ray exposures to trace particles entering into our food chain and then our bodies from Fukushima Fall-Out. Or worse, is to hear our officials make statements to the effect that, "Only low levels of radiation have been detected, and these are well within government 'permissible' standards which poses no risk to the general public." All these comparisons or standards are the hallmark of unscientific constructs, since the government readily admits there is no such thing as safe levels of radiation.66 Most importantly, to my knowledge no one has compared The Petkau Effect, rad for rad, against extremely short diagnostic X-ray exposures in side by side tissue or animal studies. As clearly stated above, lethality is not linear in terms of dose of rads when The Petkau Effect is in play.
 
Putting The Petkau Effect aside for the moment, all additional amounts of radiation compound the already harmful levels in the environment. Since: (A) the start of the first above ground nuclear bomb testing (1950's & 60's), and then later from (B) the contributions of secret nuclear reactor radioactive releases and accidents (1970's up to the present day), collectively their radioactive Fall-Out isotopes influence our environment and food chain - via their half-life - for (C) decades (i.e., Cesium-137, Strontium-90, Tellurium-132 and Yttrium-91/90), and then furthermore for (D) hundreds and even tens of thousands of years (i.e., Americium-243/241, Plutonium-244 and Uranium-235/234).(H), 66  
 
In Review:
So now we clearly see and understand:
(A) What the current threats are,
(B) How to track them, and
(C) For over what duration must we stay focused on them, enabling us to approach them one by one with...
(D) Real, permanent solutions.
 
Q: What has history already taught us that is essential for us to know to superimposed upon the above understandings? 
A: History has taught us to "hope for the best," but "plan for the worst" and to educate oneself better than the politicians or their official scientific spokespersons!
 
Since WWII, over 555,000 TRILLION picocuries of radiation have been released into the Earth's biosphere much of it with a highly toxic half life exceeding tens of thousands of years.(H), 18 Thanks to this release of radiation into the global food chain, plus modern day exposures from all sources, the average human being contains 250,000 picocuries of radiation on any given day. And we are constantly adding in more. For example, an average glass of beer contains 390 picocuries.114
 
A picocurie is simply a specific amount or unit of radiation coming off any source that is radioactive. When radiation enters into a life form like human beings, it impacts the biology of that life form. Here in the U.S., the biological impact of picocuries upon our tissues is also given in specific amounts or units called rems.
 
Normal background radiation is said to be 0.24 rems per year. Yet, the average U.S. citizen from many man-made as well as natural sources receives 0.36 rems of radiation annually. For example, just one CAT Scan can add 0.69 rems into our tissue at one time. So, we are already receiving above normal background radiation levels before we become exposed to further accidents like Fukushima. Therefore, the next time any pundit says you are just going to receive new amounts of radiation below the normal background levels, realize this will add on top of your body's current radiation burden. Now here is the kicker. There is no "safe" level of radiation.66 Any new amounts added into our systems that invoke The Petkau Effect is playing Russian Roulette. Only by fortifying our innate resistance do we have the opportunity to check or neutralize this continuous life long threat.
 
When one considers the emerging evidence linking so many autoimmune diseases to environmental toxic exposures (including within war zones69) and UV radiation, this helps to explain the dramatic rise, for example, not only of Cancer, but also Hashimoto's Disease,51 Hypothyroidism Type 2, Diabetes Type 2,50 Colitis, Crohn's Disease, Lupus, Scleroderma, ALS,72, 73 MS,52 R.A., Osteoporosis, Fibromyalgia, Chronic Fatigue Syndrome, Universal Allergic Reactors, Alzheimer's Disease, infertility, Autism, Low Birth Weight, the rise in Birth Defects, Infant Failure to Thrive Syndromes (i.e., SIDS), etc...53, 54 With the exception of radon, specific links to endemics of autoimmune diseases and environmental regions of radioactivity are not being investigated or reported out of our government agencies, nor their official designated scientific agencies, which suggests a policy of cover-up.(B) Only emerging independent studies performed by not-for-profit dedicated scientists track these associations with cancer in humans which may arise from chronic, low level radiation poisoning.(B), (F)  The under reporting of untoward effects stemming out of the Chernobyl incident is a classic example. 

 

For example, attempts have been made to grossly underestimate the death rate from the Chernobyl incident, down to just 31 individuals!97 So, let's get this straight... U.S. cancer rates into the tens of thousands - are much higher within a 100 mile radius of fully operational, intact, nuclear power plants as opposed to areas free from nuclear power plants, and yet a complete meltdown with an explosion occurring at a Russian nuclear power plant caused only 31 deaths??? See graph to immediate right.117 Russians must really be super human indeed. (In real truth, according to comprehensive research published by The New York Academy of Sciences in 2007, that low-ball figure was raised to 985,000 deaths attributable to the Chernobyl incident, which included the greater regions affected in the Ukraine, Belarus and pertaining Russian territories.)98, 99

 

In Review:
Now like no other time in human history, we must consume daily doses of select antioxidants and the building blocks to our internal antioxidant enzymes just to keep ahead of this destructive radioactive body burden. In this manner we may keep our innate resistance at optimal functional levels.
 
See: www.radiation.org for further information. 
 
 
Q: What other misinformation or misapplied science is being reported by the main stream pundits?
A: Many scientists enlisted as expert spokespersons in the mass media are either intentionally or unintentionally confusing similar scientific phenomena as identical scientific phenomena.
 
Currently there are a group of esteemed physicists who are suggesting that low levels of radiation from multiple sources, can be beneficial. They are citing some very compelling evidence which suggests that cancer rates can actually go down, not up, with long term, low level exposures to toxic radioactive nuclei such as Cobalt-60 or Cesium-137. They also link this kind of radiation to the principles of "hormesis" something of which Eclectic Physicians are quite familiar with. And finally, they cite mineral rich hot springs which are known to emit low level radiation from a naturally occurring radioisotope called radon.30 In fact it is true that the hot springs in Attica, Lesvos and Ikaria Greece, and in the Misasa Hot Springs District of Japan are renown for spontaneous healings arising from proper use of these therapeutic waters. These springs typically present short term exposures to folks, and with levels of radon that have been naturally encountered by human beings for millennia. However, harmful sequelae appear to be associated with (A) longer exposure periods coupled to (B) higher levels of mixed radioactive contaminants (i.e., Uranium-244 plus radon), a sign of possible cumulative deleterious effects.56. 57, 58, 59, 60, 61
 

This illustrates what happens when nuclear physicists are looking in the wrong direction, even if for the right reason. Chernobyl and Fukushima are not identical in any way to natural radon exposures found in therapeutic hot springs. But their respective Fall-Out could compound the effects of the natural radon emissions in unknown ways. So, we must avoid forming premature conclusions which are not applicable to the actual, full scale context of this latest incident. Therefore in my book, there is no such thing as safe, low level exposures to "man-made" sources of radiation.(F), 55, 66 

 

Indeed, to date, I am unaware of any positive health benefits attributable to the Chernobyl incident or exposures to depleted uranium (DU) such as happened in the U.S. Gulf-Wars.67, 68, 69, 70, 71 If any do exist, please send me the reports. I am aware of at least one report of how wild animals in and around Chernobyl have made a comeback, but I find it uncompelling. For example, after Reindeer herds which inhabited Chernobyl's fall-out zones ate contaminated lichen, they all were exterminated because of their exceedingly high tissue levels of Cesium-137, and this is still a serious problem for the children in the region today.63, 82, 83, 84

 

Additionally, radiation has a way of hiding its inherent lethality over many years for those wishing to rush through their studies. For example as just previously mentioned, careful collection of epidemiological evidence over nearly two decades paints a much clearer and dier end-result than those who rushed to judgment. A comprehenisve study published 21 years after the Chernobyl incident, which carefully applied statistical analysis to regions most laden with Fall-Out, showed that not 31 deaths, but in reality 985,000 deaths resulted from this single catastrophe.99

 

In Review:

Statisticians can omit or disqualify relating data points just as easily as they can include it. It depends upon what vested interests are in play,62 and/or the comprehensiveness of the statistician(s).(B), (F), 18 

1. We should have first been focused on identifying disease associations other than cancer that arise out of

    radiation Fall-Out, so these could be tracked over time, STARTING AT THE CELL and BELOW CELL LEVEL

    (see below).

2. Then we should have been looking into populations which have lived within 100 miles of nuclear power

    plants for several decades and their risk assessments for these associated radiation diseases, including

    autoimmune disorders and all forms of cancer.

3. Then we could have been using these two subsets to focus in more accurately on long term health trends

    of folks who were initially exposed to radioactive Fall-Out and their subsequent health experiences including

    those of their children.88 This is the basis to Hypothyroidism Type 2, and I suspect other escalating glandular

    and immune disorders, since insults upon the mitochondrial mechanisms appear to transfer down to offspring.(G)

 

As Abraham Lincoln admonished us, "You can fool some of the People some of the time, but not all of the People, all of the time."

 

Accounting for phenomena that suggests humans or animals actually benefit from select kinds of radiation exposure including radioactive Fall-Out.

 

These official government spokespersons and nuclear physicists are reminded about the principles established by the Father of modern cell physiology, Claude Bernard:47

 

 

 

Bending Insight Into Science We Can Trust

 

So how does Strict Determinism impact our current situation? Well, it is the principle which may very well save us. It is all about what principles or reference points we focus on to use as a directional heading & road map to get us out of this mess. This will determine what we must do.

 

But beyond that, without the proper reference points that include associated risks and adequate time periods to properly assimilate such differing kinds of data, confusion will prevail when trying to gauge radiation morbidity and mortality statistics from the latest incident at Fukushima. This will determine how long we must take action to protect ourselves.

 

For good reason, many of us feel we cannot trust those who we sent to represent us in our government farther than we can throw a dollar bill. This is because crony capitalism is hard at work, putting vested interests ahead of We, the People and common sense. When it comes to reporting to us the full facts relating to radiation releases and their impact upon our health, history tells us we are being hihgly manipulated, even after President Clinton led the first effort to expose the truth in 1997 (see Department of Energy's Advisory Committee on Human Radiation Experiments Report in endnote 93 below, plus endnotes 94-96). This is because it has been the official Federal policy to withhold the truth about radiation exposures to the U.S. public since the 1950's for both military as well as private sector vested interests. So, we must realize WE are the government, not the paper pushers or vested interests or puppet masters who have taken up positions all throughout our government to insure we are kept from the full truth. Don't get mad about all this, just get educated. In the end, it is up to us to protect ourselves, our family, our neighbors and our country.93, 94, 95, 96

 

In summary, what are the proper reference points that will tell us here and now if low levels of any kind of radiation are potentially beneficial or harmful to human tissues? These reference points derive from those discovered by Abram Petkau, Gilbert N. Ling, and two other experts in BioEnergetics, relating to EIGHT factors:31, 32, 33

 

Ø     Does the radiation level overwhelm the lipid antioxidant defenses of the host's tissues (e.g., are toxic levels of malondialdehyde or MDA produced and/or glutathione reserves depleted?). Or do the tissues recover and demonstrate healthy cell or tissue regeneration alongside optimal levels of functional lipid antioxidants (NAC, Glutathione, CoQ10(H), Vitamin E, Omega 3 oils, etc...)?

Ø    Does the radiation disrupt or improve aerobic metabolism of the cell or tissue or lead to healthy cell or tissue regeneration which displays optimal aerobic metabolism?

Ø    Does the radiation improve the pH profile of the external and internal milieu of the cell or tissue or lead to healthy cell or tissue regeneration which displays optimal pH?

Ø    Does the radiation improve the structured water (polarized multilayers of water or PM water) within the cell or lead to healthy cell or tissue regeneration which display optimal PM water?

Ø   Does the radiation improve or harm the normal spectrum of mineral elements in the cell and their proper locations or lead to healthy cell or tissue regeneration which displays optimal mineral reserves?

Ø    Does the radiation improve or harm the special proline-rich-peptides within cells that are the scaffolding to the PM water in the cell or lead to healthy cell or tissue regeneration which displays optimal proline-rich-peptide reserves?

Ø    Is the 'Phase Angle' of the body improved by the radiation exposure or lead to healthy cell or tissue regeneration which displays optimal Phase Angle?

Ø     And finally, is the negative millivolts of the cell and tissues improved from the radiation exposure or lead to healthy cell or tissue regeneration which displays optimal millivolts?

 

 

Physicists who doubt that man-made, low level radiation falling within so-called: (A) "normal background radiation levels" or (B) "permissible radiation levels" causes massive harm would serve the general public very well by addressing the above questions. Until they do, they stand on inadequately circumspect data points.83-89 

 

Eclectic physicians often specialize in BioEnergetics, the Fourth Pillar to The Regeneration Effect. And what these experts will tell you is that select low levels of radiation that disrupt cell membranes will trigger attempts in tissues to regenerate the damage, which is termed autophagy.49 Just enough autophagy with just enough antioxidants and reserves of their respective substrates (building blocks) and other essential factors like oxygen and you are ØØØ "In like Flint." But too much autophagy with too little antioxidants or when coupled to conditions of hypoxia (low oxygen levels), and you start generating vast numbers of premature cellular deaths, and over the longer term cancer or devastating autoimmune disease. Most folks over 50 have under saturated tissue levels of oxygen, so this is something we need to keep in mind.43 Additionally, other stores of environmental toxins or unhelpful lifestyles which include the standard American diet and smoking, will ensure low level radiation exposure can only increase risks to chronic degenerative diseases down the road. Perhaps most importantly, radioactive iodide may easily disrupt thyroid function permanently. With chronic lower thyroid hormone production, the risk to many chronic degenerative diseases dramatically goes up. Unfortunately, conventional medicine has failed to date to adequately appraise low thyroid conditions, so this only compounds inadequacies in statistical analysis.(G)
 
Therefore, only looking at cancer death rates without looking into the other diseases that can substitute in cancer's place, is misleading to say the least when examining radiation hormesis.

 

As an Eclectic Physician, my foremost concern about my own knowledge base is in regards to not knowing what I don't know about. It's one thing to know you don't know about a critical issue, but it is an entirely different matter when you don't know that you don't know about a critical issue. This is my blind spot, and it serves me well to chip away at my blind spots by practicing the Eclectic method as diligently as possible. The eclectic method is one of developing insight to see reality as it truly is. Insight is by definition the ability 'to view or determine a truth' about a critical issue from as many points of view at once, and that requires a team of trustworthy experts using the same method who remain in communication with each other. That surpasses mere reductionism (i.e., conventional sciences' current methodology), and extends into gaining clinical results where conventional thinking and practices simply fall short or fail, or are bound to fail by not preventing future catastrophic health consequences, such as what is befalling us now with this incident at Fukushima. That's who we are at the ICCTTM.

 

This being stated, how we have put this altogether (that is, what is actually occurring at the cellular level and why some animals in certain situations of radiation exposure may thrive while others die), is related to five things which we can use to overcome the trace amounts of radioactive fall-out from Fukushima. To us it all boils down to:

(A) The antioxidant capacity and potential (substrate reserves) of tissues,

(B) The steady or interrupted streams of free-radical formation (length of exposure),

(C) The capacity of the host to repair (which includes all eight factors listed above in bold),

(D) The prior cumulative stresses already present in the host, and

(E) Only then about radioactive dosage levels and toxic particle elimination. 

 

 

 

Bending Trustworthy Science Into Solutions We May Implement Now
 
Q: What can I do now to protect myself from nuclear fall-out arriving from the meltdown of Japan's nuclear power plants?
A: The good news is that we can protect ourselves now. And furthermore, we may actually be able to use this incident to our advantage to induce unscheduled healing, if we keep on top of it.
 

What we must all do now is to fortify our internal cellular milieu and bring online our very own Regeneration Effect within. This turns the table in regards to Claude Bernard's principle of Strict Determinism, and enables us to achieve "what we damn well please" - that is - a favorable outcome. Specifically, we may still enjoy life free from the threat of low level radiation exposures, if we know exactly what to do. So let's begin...

 
SHORT TERM ANTIDOTES:

 

1.     N-Acetyl-Cysteine (NAC) is the most powerful short term quencher of ionizing radiation. It is a nutrient, a simple amino acid from protein. For adults (weighing above 150lbs) , it may be taken in dosages of 500mg to 600mg daily for protection from toxic metals and other poisons. For younger adults weighing 100lbs to 149lbs, 400mg to 500mg daily affords adequate protection in most situations. In children weighing less than 100lbs, but above 50lbs, 200mg daily is a suitable dose. For infants, toddlers or children weighing less than 50lbs, 50mg to 100mg daily may be used in juice, as long as no sensitivity to NAC arises (i.e., light skin rashes). In this manner, NAC may be used daily on an indefinite basis, as it is a harmless amino acid our bodies will use to establish antioxidant defenses and aid the immune system. It is also an adequate remover (i.e., chelator - from the Greek which means that which "grabs onto or claws into") of toxic metals from the body, such as radioactive cobalt and directly and indirectly uranium.44, 45, 46 Uranium is quite stubborn about exiting without a fight and could require baking soda to speed things up - see references at very end of page - plus melatonin.23  Liver protection from fall-out radioisotopes like uranium, plutonium, etc... is nicely accomplished via combining NAC + Sea Vegetables (see next) + Melatonin + Selenium + small amounts of baking soda (see number 7 below for all advisories). Lastly - rarely some adults are sensitive to NAC, so be aware of special advisories regarding its long term use. In those cases, use high-quality Whey products.6, 7

 

2.     Iodide is also a first line of defense mineral supplement, since it can out-compete radioactive iodide from entering into our bodies.11  Kelp and other seaweeds are also excellent chelators of toxic metals from the body, especially if high fiber intake is also being incorporated into the diet.9, 10, 83, 84 

       Despite misinformation to the contrary, if you have no known allergy to shellfish or iodide, rationale supplementation with iodide can be a good thing. For average size adult women, daily Thyroid needs amount to 50mcg alone, while breast tissues, ovaries and other tissues collectively require up to 3000mcg daily. For men, their intake should be at least 1,000mcg daily, unless they are sensitive to the mineral.74, 75, 76 Eclectic physicians may use up to ten times or more of the female dose to treat chronic fatigue and advanced Fibromyalgia with great success,77 as well as to detoxify out of the system the toxic halides bromide, chloride and fluoride.78

       For example, individual tablets of Kelp, Irish Moss or Dulse typically contain on average 200mcg of iodine. So, 5 tablets taken at once may equal 1,000mcg of iodine. If 5 tablets are taken at each meal, then the daily dose of iodine from these sources alone would approach 3,000mcg daily. However as referenced above, building up slowly to this level is essential, as iodine tends to rinse out toxic body burdens of toxic fluoride, bromide and chlorine if present. Therefore, when high levels of iodine are taken too quickly without building up to optimal levels, these toxic elements may exit en mass too quickly causing skin rashes, minor hair loss, or very rarely even asthmatic reactions. Eclectic physicians will neutralize this sensitivity with up to 3,000mg daily of Vitamin C.79 But by simply discontinuing the supplement for several days, skin or hair issues should quickly clear up on their own. But if you do experience anything more dramatic, check in with your doctor right away. So always increase slowly and according to tolerance to avoid getting into this kind of situation to begin with. Remember, iodine is an essential nutrient our bodies must have every day to make adequate levels of essential hormones. 

       If sensitivities to iodine do surface, and then clear after discontinuing, and you want to resume taking iodine supplements, check in with your doctor and see if he or she will allow you to begin taking 3,000mg of Vitamin C daily, and then give you the go-ahead to start with very small iodine of iodine daily (1/4 tablet daily). Slowly work up to a maximum of 1 tablet daily, and report to your doctor if your tolerance to iodine at this level of intake is secure. Gradually over time, most folks can up their dosage in this manner, although more slowly than other people. Several months down the road, one initially sensitive may find themselves able to take 400mcg to 1,000mcg daily if patience rules the process. In the rare event any intake of iodide causes resumption of symptoms, including minor hair loss, substitute Chlorella or Spirulina below. 

 

3.     Chlorella (and other blue green algae) is a superior protector and chelator of radioactive metals from the body and contains no less than 20 superior neutralizers to radioactive poisons. 5 per meal (250mg each or 1250mg per meal) is a great dose for adults, 3 per meal for young adults and children, and 1 per meal for the very young. Make sure the Chlorella brand you buy has the outer cell wall "cracked" for best absorption. More may be taken, but it is suggested to never exceed 40 tablets daily for adults. Spirulina is a very acceptable cheaper alternative, although the taste is more objectionable for children.3, 4, 29

 

4.     High quality bone meal (rich in Calcium & Strontium Hydroxyapatite) will also protect against radioactive strontium poisoning and penetration of uranium into bone. 3 per meal as labeled is suggested for adults, young adults and children, and 1-2 per meal for the very young.12

 

5.     Natural Vitamin E Complex - To stop cell membrane destruction. 800iu per day is an excellent dose for average adults, and 400iu per day for young adults and children. Toddlers and infants may be given 100iu per day in juice. (Side Note: Krill Oil, CoQ10(H) and Melatonin are more powerful than Vit. E, but also more expensive. See below...)

 

6.     Consuming High fiber and seaweed dishes on a regular basis must be used to maximize the best effects of the above tools. These will help insure removal (chelation) of toxic radioactive metals from the body.

 

7.     Baking soda - Should be taken only on rare occasions, that is, only if exposures to uranium or plutonium can be confirmed, even in trace amounts, for your area. Baking soda is an efficient means to remove these metals quickly (especially uranium). There are several medical conditions which contradict taking baking soda, so be sure you have doctor's clearance before consuming baking soda. Taking baking soda once weekly should pose no health threat if no other medical conditions are present which require restriction of sodium intake. For adults with no medical contraindications, and who have good reason to believe they have been exposed to traces of radioactive fall-out, especially uranium, taking 1 teaspoon of baking soda in 1 cup water or juice up to seven (7) times daily on an empty stomach - on one day out of every seven days - may be warranted. If you have a day of fasting each week, or one of light eating, this would be the perfect day to perform this procedure; but again, only if it has been confirmed you were likely exposed to extremely low levels of the radioactive heavy metals such as uranium.  Please see the long list of abstracts regarding baking soda as an effective chelator of radioactive elements at the very end of this document).14, 15

 
 
LONG TERM ANTIDOTES (for maintenance):
  • Bone Meal (protects against radioactive Strontium-90);
  • Chlorella (protects against most radioactive metals);
  • Kelp (protects against radioactive iodide and other radioactive metals);
  • Pectin from fruits and jams - sugar-free & artificial sweetener-free (protects against Cesium-137);83
  • Probiotics - several billion per capsule per meal (protects against radioactive Strontium-90);16, 17
  • Food grade Zeolite from reputable sources (more on this wonderful substance in my upcoming book).101, 102, 103, 104
 
Professional Guidelines:
In the unlikely event of an emergency concerning acute radiation poisoning, baking soda may be used when directly exposed to high levels of radioactive isotopes (Americium-243/242/241, Barium-140, Cesium-137, Plutonium-244/239/238, Strontium-90/89, Tellurium-132, Uranium-235/234, Yttrium-91/90, etc...):
 

Under a doctor's supervision, baking soda coupled to the above are tools of choice to remove these toxic metals from the body quickly.

 

For adults, up to 7 teaspoons of baking soda daily in divided dosages on an empty stomach may be used short-term (over 6 consecutive days) to accomplish significant decontamination, with route & rate of administration carefully considered by the physician. Another acceptable dosage schedule is to perform the above every other day for two weeks on, then resting for two weeks off of the baking soda schedule.

 

Now, couple this protocol to the lipid membrane protocol listed below with added probiotic supplementation and as appropriate use Aloe, Noni juice and SAW with a strict diet of no refined carbohydrates, and many of the most serious cases may gain lasting relief.7, 12, 14, 15, 21, 23, 25

 

Where run-a-way inflammation has taken hold, quadruple NAC intake & follow the natural aspirin (80mg/day), omega 3 oils (3gm/Day or fish oils, or 1gm/day of Krill oil) & GLA (from borage oil - 2gm/day) with cherry concentrate, curcumin (up to 2gm/day) and boswellia (1gm/day), plus natural anti-histamines such as quercetin (250mg three times daily). See: http://doctorapsley.com/AspirinandSynergistsforCancer.aspx.

 
In the extremely unlikely event of more grave situations, intravenous administration of 5% baking soda (in 500cc), glutathione (2gm), reduced CoQ10 (300mg), sodium ascorbate (10gm), Omega 3 oils (2gm), NAC (5gm) and elemental selenium (1mg) as sodium selenite can be administered daily over the course of a week or two, with good success where patient is incapable of ingesting oral supplements.
 
Additionally, two herbal medicines which are very potent antidotes to high radiation exposure are: high-quality Aloe vera juice 20 (for any radiation burns, internal or external), and Noni juice 13 (Morinda citrifolia). Also, eliminate all refined sugar from the diet.
 
Very importantly, bowel movements are key to removing offending radioactive isotopes from the body and should utilize pectin or alginate or chitin laden fiber products, and as possible, a series of colonics utilizing 3% baking soda.
 
If skin exposure has been confirmed, then infrared saunas using niacin and intense sweats are key, so long as the sweat can be collected on towels during the twice daily 30 minute treatments which are properly disposed of.
 
Lastly, emerging evidence suggests that one species of structured water (Fullerene-C60) may be able to protect normal cells from harmful effects of radiation therapy while simultaneously enhancing results of radiation therapy.8 More studies are needed to confirm this theory. 
 

 

Examples of Protection Schedules According to Body Weight & Budgetary Allowances

 

 

Q: What is the one, least expensive method to protect oneself from radioactive Fall-Out?

A: Eating an abundance of sea vegetables (all edible seaweeds) at each meal (chewed well), while eliminating all refined foods, especially sugar.9,10, 81 Sea vegetables are not only rich in iodine and other trace elements, but also in chlorophyll, alginate and selenium, substances very efficient at grabbing onto toxic metals and removing them from the body. Chlorophyll also aids in repair to damaged tissues. The key is liberating the goodies from sea vegetables, and cooking methods and blenders are helpful in this regard. Alternatively, Kelp or Irish Moss (also known as Bladderwart) or Dulse tablets can substitute for ingesting sea vegetables.

 

[SPECIAL NOTE # I: Most individual tablets of (1) Kelp, (2) Irish Moss or (3) Dulse - regardless of brand - contain 200mcg of iodine, plus or minus 50mcg. Each single tablet provides the minimal unit of which is an acceptable starting dosage of intake for all, providing no sensitivity to iodine is present. After all, these are simply tablets of sea vegetables, which have been consumed by human beings for millennia].

 

[SPECIAL NOTE # II: When sensitivity to iodine is an issue, and Vitamin C does not calm the sensitivity,79 substitute the more expensive (4) green-algae Chlorella (cell-wall cracked) or the lesser expensive (5) blue-green algae Spirulina to safely intervene against radioactive Fall-Out].34, 35, 36, 37 

 

 

Q: What are the top two tools to protect oneself from initial stages of radioactive Fall-Out?

A: NAC & Kelp (must not be allergic to shellfish or iodine. If allergic, switch off of Kelp and onto Chlorella or Spirulina):

 

Ø Average adults (weighing +150lbs): 500mg to 600mg NAC at breakfast, and 5 Kelp tablets with each meal.

Ø Young adults and larger children (weighing 100lbs - 149lbs): 300mg to 500mg NAC at breakfast, and 3 tablets of Kelp with each meal.

Ø For smaller children (weighing 50lbs - 99lbs): 100mg to 250mg NAC at breakfast, and 1 tablet of Kelp with each meal sprinkled into juice.

Ø For the very young (weighing less than 50lbs): 50mg to 100mg NAC, and 1 tablet Kelp daily sprinkled into juice.

 

 

Q: What are the top two least expensive tools to protect oneself from initial stages of radioactive Fall-Out?

A: Kelp & Spirulina (plus high fiber foods such as raw apples, pears, grapes, cherries, plums, blue berries, etc...).80, 81 

 

Ø Average adults (weighing +150lbs): 5 tablets of Kelp & 5 tablets Spirulina with each meal.

Ø Young adults and larger children (weighing 100lbs - 149lbs): 3 tablets of Kelp & 3 tablets Spirulina with each meal.

Ø For smaller children (weighing 50lbs - 99lbs): 1 tablet of Kelp & 1 tablet Chlorella(E) with each meal sprinkled into juice.

Ø For the very young (weighing less than 50lbs): 1 tablet Kelp & 1 tablet Chlorella daily sprinkled into juice.

 

 

Q: What are the top three tools to protect oneself from initial stages of radioactive Fall-Out?

A: NAC, Kelp and Chlorella.

 

Ø Average adults (weighing +150lbs): 500mg to 600mg NAC at breakfast, 5 Kelp tablets & 5 Chlorella tablets with each meal.

Ø Young adults and larger children (weighing 100lbs - 149lbs): 300mg to 500mg NAC at breakfast, 3 tablets of Kelp & 3 Chlorella tablets with each meal.

Ø For smaller children (weighing 50lbs - 99lbs): 100mg to 200mg NAC at breakfast, 1 tablet of Kelp & 1 tablet of Chlorella with each meal sprinkled into juice.

Ø For the very young (weighing less than 50lbs): 50mg to 100mg NAC, 1 tablet Kelp & 1 tablet Chlorella daily sprinkled into juice.

 

 

Q: What are the top four tools to protect oneself from initial stages of radioactive Fall-Out?

A: NAC, Kelp, Chlorella and Krill Oil.

 

Ø Average adults (weighing +150lbs): 500mg to 600mg NAC at breakfast, 5 Kelp tablets & 5 Chlorella tablets with each meal + 1 cap Krill Oil.

Ø Young adults and larger children (weighing 100lbs - 149lbs): 300mg to 500mg NAC at breakfast, 3 tablets of Kelp & 3 Chlorella tablets with each meal + 1 cap Krill Oil.

Ø For smaller children (weighing 50lbs - 99lbs): 100mg to 250mg NAC at breakfast, 1 tablet of Kelp & 1 tablet of Chlorella with each meal crushed & sprinkled into juice + 1 cap Krill oil squeezed & blended into milk or juice.

Ø For the very young (weighing less than 50lbs): 50mg to 100mg NAC, 1 tablet Kelp & 1 tablet Chlorella daily crushed & sprinkled into juice + 1 cap Krill Oil squeezed & blended into milk or juice.

 

 

Q: If the lipid membranes are the core issue to The Petkau Effect, what are the best tools to prevent membrane damage during initial stages of contamination?

A: Many physicians would chose R-alpha lipoic acid (thioctic acid) as their first choice since it will powerfully retard lipid membrane ionization. But unfortunately, lipoic acid tends to bind metals and deposit them into the nucleus of cells (as opposed to removing them from the body).24, 26 Therefore, it is best to use Krill oil, or 'reduced' co-enzyme Q10 [CoQ10(H)], or Natural Vitamin E(D) and Melatonin to accomplish a better end result. Krill oil, CoQ10(H) and Vitamin E would neutralize the ionizing effects onsite, while Melatonin would also seek to safely remove the offending radioactive particle from the body (via the bile route of elimination provided there is adequate fiber).7, 21, 23, 25  In order of strength, Krill Oil reigns supreme, then CoQ10(H), then Melatonin, and finally Vitamin E. But for the kinds of low dose exposures North America is likely to receive, natural Vitamin E complex should provide adequate protection if taken ahead of exposures. Melatonin is a superior multitasking nutrient and so serves purposes beyond the others. Therefore, this is a prudent tool to include if budget allows. In summary, budget prudently for the suggested schedules below, and if necessary, eliminate Krill oil in favor of Vitamin E, eliminate NAC in favor of extra Chlorella, and substitute Spirulina over Chlorella to save money as necessary.

 

Ø Average adults (weighing +150lbs): 500mg to 600mg NAC + 800iu Natural Vit. E at breakfast + 1 cap Krill oil; 5 Kelp tablets, 5 Chlorella tablets with each meal; and 10mg Melatonin at bedtime.

Ø Young adults and larger children (weighing 100lbs - 149lbs): 300mg to 500mg NAC + 400iu Natural Vit. E at breakfast + 1 cap Krill oil; 3 tablets of Kelp & 3 Chlorella tablets with each meal, and 3mg Melatonin at bedtime.

Ø For smaller children (weighing 50lbs - 99lbs): 100mg to 250mg NAC + 200iu Natural Vit. E at breakfast + 1 cap Krill oil squeezed & mixed into milk or juice; 1 tablet of Kelp & 1 tablet of Chlorella with each meal; and 1mg Melatonin at bedtime.

Ø For the very young (weighing less than 50lbs): 50mg to 100mg NAC, 100iu Natural Vit. E, 1 cap Krill Oil squeezed & mixed into milk or juice, 1 tablet Kelp & 1 tablet Chlorella daily sprinkled into juice; and 500mcg chewable Melatonin at bedtime.

 

 

Q: In view of the long term consequences from nuclear power plant meltdown, what maintenance schedules should be incorporated to best help us all prevent cancer decades down the road?

A: Kelp, Spirulina, Natural Vitamins C & E,(D) high-quality Bone Meal, high-end probiotics (acidophilus), and Melatonin + selenium along with my Getting Started tab above for complete menu planning.

 

Ø Average adults (weighing +150lbs): 400iu Natural Vit. E plus 1 capsule high potency Probiotics at breakfast; 2 Kelp tablets, 3 Spirulina tablets & 2 Bone Meal tablets with each meal; and 10mg Melatonin at bedtime with 400mcg selenium from selenomethionate. Also, one effervescent Vitamin C drink is to be ingested daily.

Ø Young adults and larger children (weighing 100lbs - 149lbs): 400iu Natural Vit. E plus 1 capsule high potency Probiotics at breakfast; 2 tablets of Kelp, 2 Spirulina tablets & 2 Bone meal tablets with each meal, and 3mg Melatonin at bedtime with 400mcg selenium from selenomethionate. Also, one effervescent Vitamin C drink is to be ingested daily. 

Ø For smaller children (weighing 50lbs - 99lbs): 200iu Natural Vit. E plus 1 capsule high potency Probiotics at breakfast; 1 tablet of Kelp, 1 tablet of Chlorella and one Bone Meal with each meal (all sprinkled into juice as appropriate); and 1mg chewable Melatonin at bedtime with 100mcg - 200mcg selenium from selenomethionate. Also, one effervescent Vitamin C drink is to be consumed daily. Chewable Vitamin C tablets may be substituted IF the brand is LOW in sugar.

Ø For the very young (weighing less than 50lbs): 100iu Natural Vit. E, 1 tablet Kelp & 1 tablet Chlorella plus 1 capsule high potency Probiotics plus 2 Bone Meal capsules opened & sprinkled into juice daily; and 500mcg chewable Melatonin at bedtime with 50mcg selenium from selenomethionate. Lastly, one effervescent Vitamin C drink is attempted to be given daily. Chewable Vitamin C tablets may be substituted IF the brand is LOW in sugar.

 

 

Best Long Term Protocol: I (Dr. Apsley) have an extended family, with children ranging in ages from 34 down to 11, and three grandkids ages 4 & 2 years of age. My recommended maintenance schedules to my family are provided below:

 

Ø Average adults (weighing +150lbs): 250mg to 300mg NAC + 400iu Natural Vitamin E plus 1 capsule high potency Probiotics & 3 capsules Krill Oil at breakfast; 2 Kelp tablets, 3 Chlorella tablets & 2 Bone Meal tablets with each meal; and 10mg Melatonin at bedtime with 400mcg selenium from selenomethionate. Also, one to three effervescent Vitamin C drinks are to be ingested daily.

Ø Young adults and larger children (weighing 100lbs - 149lbs): 250mg to 300mg NAC + 400iu Natural Vit. E plus 1 capsule high potency Probiotics & 2 caps Krill Oil at breakfast; 2 tablets of Kelp, 2 Chlorella tablets & 2 Bone meal tablets with each meal, and 3mg Melatonin at bedtime with 400mcg selenium from selenomethionate. Also, one effervescent Vitamin C drink is to be ingested daily.

Ø For smaller children (weighing 50lbs - 99lbs): 100mg NAC + 200iu Natural Vit. E plus 1 capsule high potency Probiotics & 1 cap Krill Oil at breakfast; 1 tablet of Kelp, 1 tablet of Chlorella and one Bone Meal with each meal (all sprinkled into juice as appropriate); and 1mg chewable Melatonin at bedtime with 100mcg - 200mcg selenium from selenomethionate. Also, one effervescent Vitamin C drink is to be consumed daily. Chewable Vitamin C tablets may be substituted IF the brand is LOW in sugar.

Ø For the very young (weighing less than 50lbs): 50mg to 100mg NAC, 100iu Natural Vit. E, 1 tablet Kelp & 1 tablet Chlorella plus 1 capsule high potency Probiotics plus 2 Bone Meal capsules opened & sprinkled into juice daily; and 500mcg chewable Melatonin at bedtime with 50mcg selenium from selenomethionate. Lastly, one effervescent Vitamin C drink is attempted to be given daily. Chewable Vitamin C tablets may be substituted IF the brand is LOW in sugar.

 

Q: If I am pregnant or am a nursing mother, what can I do to antidote my exposures to radiation without harming my baby?

A: This is a great subject. If you have good reason to believe you are being exposed to traces of nuclear fall-out, going very slowly but 'preemptively' is the key. Or proceed according to your doctor's instructions. Never take baking soda if pregnant or nursing, unless instructed to do so by your physician. The below presumes you are already taking a HIGH POTENCY doctor approved prenatal or nursing multivitamin/multimineral supplement. Drink lots of SAW & eat lots of fiber!!! And do not use microwave ovens please! See my Getting Started tab above.

 

Ø Starting Schedule for Pregnant and Nursing Mothers: 1 tablet of Chlorella (or 1 tablet Spirulina) + 1 tablet High Quality Bone Meal with each meal. Then at only one meal per day take: 200iu Natural Vitamin E plus 100mcg organic selenium and 500mg Vitamin C plus 1 capsule probiotics.

    If after three days of taking above, no nausea or other discomfort arises if you are pregnant, or no mild skin rash or colic arises in your nursing baby, or any other suspicious symptom, continue onto the next schedule... If you experience difficulties of any kind, go through a process of elimination to find the offending item(s). Then restart sequence. 

Ø Second Schedule for Pregnant & Nursing Mothers: 1 tablet of Chlorella (or 1 tablet Spirulina) + 1 tablet High Quality Bone Meal with each meal. Then at only one meal per day take: 200iu Natural Vitamin E plus 100mcg organic selenium and 500mg Vitamin C plus 1 capsule probiotics plus 1 tablet Kelp.

    If after three days of taking above, no nausea or other discomfort arises if you are pregnant, or no mild skin rash or colic arises in your nursing baby, or any other suspicious symptom, continue onto the next schedule... If problems arise, discontinue until symptoms abate and resume the Starting Schedule.

Ø Third Schedule for Pregnant & Nursing Mothers: 1 tablet of Chlorella (or 1 tablet Spirulina) + 1 tablet High Quality Bone Meal with each meal. Then at only one meal per day take: 200iu Natural Vitamin E plus 100mcg organic selenium and 500mg Vitamin C plus 1 capsule probiotics plus 1 tablet Kelp plus 1 capsule Krill oil (or Fish Liver Oil).

    If after three days of taking above, no nausea or other discomfort arises if you are pregnant, or no mild skin rash or colic arises in your nursing baby, or any other suspicious symptom, continue onto the next schedule... If problems arise, discontinue until symptoms abate and resume the Second Schedule. 

Ø Fourth Schedule for Pregnant & Nursing Mothers: 2 tablets of Chlorella (or 2 tablets Spirulina) + 2 tablets High Quality Bone Meal with each meal. Then at only one meal per day take: 200iu Natural Vitamin E plus 100mcg organic selenium and 500mg Vitamin C plus 1 capsule probiotics plus 1 tablet Kelp plus 1 capsule Krill oil (or Fish Liver Oil).

    If after three days of taking above, no nausea or other discomfort arises if you are pregnant, or no mild skin rash or colic arises in your nursing baby, or any other suspicious symptom, continue onto the next schedule... If problems arise, discontinue until symptoms abate and resume the Third Schedule.

Ø Fifth Schedule for Pregnant & Nursing Mothers: 2 tablets of Chlorella (or 2 tablets Spirulina) + 2 tablets High Quality Bone Meal with each meal. Then at only one meal per day take: 200iu Natural Vitamin E plus 100mcg organic selenium and 1,000mg Vitamin C plus 1 capsule probiotics plus 2 tablets Kelp plus 2 capsules Krill oil (or Fish Liver Oil).

    If after three days of taking above, no nausea or other discomfort arises if you are pregnant, or no mild skin rash or colic arises in your nursing baby, or any other suspicious symptom, continue onto the next schedule... If problems arise, discontinue until symptoms abate and resume the Fourth Schedule. 

Ø Sixth Schedule for Pregnant & Nursing Mothers: 3 tablets of Chlorella (or 3 tablets Spirulina) + 3 tablets High Quality Bone Meal with each meal. Then at only one meal per day take: 200iu Natural Vitamin E plus 100mcg organic selenium and 1,000mg Vitamin C plus 1 capsule probiotics plus 2 tablets Kelp plus 2 capsules Krill oil (or Fish Liver Oil).

    If after three days of taking above, no nausea or other discomfort arises if you are pregnant, or no mild skin rash or colic arises in your nursing baby, or any other suspicious symptom, continue onto the next schedule... If problems arise, discontinue until symptoms abate and resume the Fifth Schedule.

Ø Seventh Schedule for Pregnant & Nursing Mothers: 3 tablets of Chlorella (or 3 tablets Spirulina) + 3 tablets High Quality Bone Meal with each meal. Then at only one meal per day take: 200iu Natural Vitamin E plus 100mcg organic selenium and 1,000mg Vitamin C plus plus 2 tablets Kelp plus 1 capsule probiotics plus 2 capsules Krill oil (or Fish Liver Oil) + 250mg NAC.

    If after three days of taking above, no nausea or other discomfort arises if you are pregnant, or no mild skin rash or colic arises in your nursing baby, or any other suspicious symptom, continue onto the next schedule... If problems arise, discontinue until symptoms abate and resume the Sixth Schedule. 

Ø Eighth Schedule for Pregnant & Nursing Mothers: 3 tablets of Chlorella (or 3 tablets Spirulina) + 3 tablets High Quality Bone Meal plus 1 probiotic with each meal. Then at only one meal per day take: 200iu Natural Vitamin E plus 100mcg organic selenium and 1,000mg Vitamin C plus 2 tablets Kelp plus 2 capsules Krill oil (or Fish Liver Oil) + 250mg NAC.

    If after three days of taking above, no nausea or other discomfort arises if you are pregnant, or no mild skin rash or colic arises in your nursing baby, or any other suspicious symptom, continue onto the next schedule... If problems arise, discontinue until symptoms abate and resume the Seventh Schedule.

Ø Ninth Schedule for Pregnant & Nursing Mothers: 3 tablets of Chlorella (or 3 tablets Spirulina) + 3 tablets High Quality Bone Meal plus 1 capsule probiotic with each meal. Then at only one meal per day take: 200iu Natural Vitamin E plus 100mcg organic selenium and 1,000mg Vitamin C plus 2 tablets Kelp plus 2 capsules Krill oil (or Fish Liver Oil) + 400mg NAC, and take 1mg of Melatonin at bedtime.

    If after three days of taking above, no nausea or other discomfort arises if you are pregnant, or no mild skin rash or colic arises in your nursing baby, or any other suspicious symptom, continue onto the next schedule... If problems arise, discontinue until symptoms abate and resume the Eighth Schedule. 

Ø Tenth & Final Schedule for Pregnant & Nursing Mothers: 3 tablets of Chlorella (or 3 tablets Spirulina) + 3 tablets High Quality Bone Meal plus 1 capsule probiotics with each meal. Then at only one meal per day take: 200iu Natural Vitamin E plus 100mcg organic selenium and 1,000mg Vitamin C plus 2 tablets Kelp plus 2 capsules Krill oil (or Fish Liver Oil) + 400mg NAC, and take 3mg of Melatonin at bedtime.

    If after three days of taking above, no nausea or other discomfort arises if you are pregnant, or no mild skin rash or colic arises in your nursing baby, or any other suspicious symptom, you may remain at this final schedule indefinitely... If problems arise, discontinue until symptoms abate and resume the Ninth Schedule.

 

The above schedules are designed to build intracellular glutathione stores via melatonin, selenium and NAC rapidly over time - the key molecule the body uses to eliminate radioactive metals through the bile - plus adequate antioxidant reserves such as Vitamin E which defend against lipid and genetic associated free-radicals.23, 48 The above list of nutrients also doubles as valuable nutritional items that all human beings can use, providing no allergy or sensitivity arises with their use.

 

Q: What can I do to antidote my exposures to radiation therapy for my cancer?

A: Radiation toxicity from any source, including the after effects of radioablative therapy, can be detoxified or lessened and even reversed by the use of colloidal Regeneration Factors or cRFsTM.38, 39, 40, 65 Just be sure to take after radioablative therapy has completed or is placed on hold. cRFsTM derive from select raw foods which contain high amounts of RNA or nucleoproteins as found in organ meats, nuts & seeds, sprouts, food-grade algae and bee pollen.(C)  Folks who tend to get gouty cannot take high amounts of these select foods sources, but usually can handle some intake providing the source is raw and not cooked. For example, food grade algae products, which are raw, can serve such folks well if lots of SAW is being ingested as well. All protocols for diet under this website are high in these factors, i.e., SAW plus RNA-cRFsTM.

 

For an average size adult, the foremost factors one should focus on to reduce the toxic after affects from radioablative therapy are:

 

A. NAC (as above);6

B. Chlorophyll (found in sea vegetables, and richest in Chlorella or Spirulina - 5 per meal for adults);3, 4

C. cRFsTM -  As found in Chlorella, Spirulina and organic organ meats such as liver, spleen and thymus in freeze-dried format. When taking capsules of organic

    glandulars without algae products as above, up to a combined 12 to 18 capsules per day for an average adult is optimal. When taking with algae products

    according to the above dosages, cut this amount in 1/2);1, 2, 65

D. Krill oil or Vitamin E Complex (including delta and gamma tocopherols and tocotrienols taken as above). Krill oil is 300 times more powerful than Vitamin E

    and 34 times more powerful than CoQ10 for reducing free-radical damage, mainly to cellular lipid membranes in the body;7, 21, 27, 28, 65

E. Lipoic acid as R-alpha lipoic acid (100mg three times daily for adults, 100mg daily for young adults and children, 25mg - 50mg daily for the very young - when

    no toxic metal particles are involved - just gamma rays);7

F. Melatonin (1mg to 20mg at bedtime for adults, 1mg to 3mg for children and young adults respectively);5

G. Reduced CoQ10 or Ubiquinol (100mg daily for adults, 50mg per day for smaller adults and children, 25mg daily for the very young);7, 21

H. Vitamin C and Quercetin (1,000mg three times daily and 100mg three times daily respectively);7, 21

I. Organic Selenium as selenomethionate or when grown into kelp or other foods (400mcg - 600mcg daily for adults, 200mcg - 400mcg daily for young adults,

   200mcg daily for children, 50mcg - 100mcg daily for the very young).21

J. Probiotics (1 per meal) + high-grade Aloe (1 ounce of liquid taken with each meal or 1 capsule of 200X - with Aloin removed). 

 

In some cases, the intestinal tract can become severely irritated from combinations of chemotherapy with radiation therapy. For such cases, some of the above items may further irritate the gut, such as too much Vitamin C. Shifting emphasis to cRFsTM, Omega 3 oils,  and chlorophyll (all especially rich in green and blue-green algae products), plus probiotics, high quality whey products and digestive enzymes may be essential to properly recover for the long term. The key is to isolate individual nutrients one at a time if any group of them induces more gut irritation. Play process of elimination, and you can often figure out what really works for you. If any confusion remains, your holistic trained doctor can adjust the above dosages down or up according to your weight.

 

 

Dividing dosages of NAC into smaller amounts:

Simply take one capsule of NAC and pour it into an exact amount of water. For example, with 500mg capsules, use 5 ounces of water, and for 600mg capsules use 6 ounces of water. Then take the exact amount of NAC you need according to the number of ounces you need per meal to achieve your objectives according to body weight. Refrigerate the remainder of NAC water in between meals to preserve freshness.

 

Strongly suggested additions to the diet:
All manner and selections of sea vegetables (seaweed dishes) are the first choice along with washed organic fruits.9, 10, 80, 81, 83  
 
Washing of fruits and vegetables:
If fruits or vegetables are suspected to have been exposed to Fall-Out, washing them with water and baking soda should remove the particles on the skin of the fruits. Simply mix two tablespoons per pint of water for a rinse, and that should pull off most of the radioactive particles clinging to the outer skin. Once these radioactive particles enter into the food supply chain, they will be absorbed into the fruit or vegetable. This is why it is essential in my view to be regular about taking daily supplementation as suggested above, and according to your doctor's instructions, since it is proven we can both protect and then remove radioactive particles efficiently from our bodies once absorbed.84
 

 

Always restore the body's own self-healing system first. Then the "footing" of all other natural healing tools employed will have the advantage of driving forward from the high-ground. cRFsTM are key to this strategy when dealing with all radiation toxicity situations, as is abundant SAW and plenty of fresh air. With so much to gain, and so little to lose, why not at least consider a sound maintenance schedule for you and your family?  

 

 

 

For comprehensive, well-documented, authoritative reports on U.S. government official misinformation campaigns,

outright propaganda policies and misconduct regarding radiation threats to the American public, first

see: http://www.hss.energy.gov/HealthSafety/ohre/roadmap/achre/index.html

then see: http://www.laka.org/docu/boeken/pdf/6-01-4-80-46.pdf

and finally see: http://www.breastcancerfund.org/assets/pdfs/publications/state-of-the-evidence-2010.pdf

 

 

 

Highly Suggested Additional Reading:

________________________________________________

1.    See Chapters 7 - 11 and especially 13: http://www.hss.energy.gov/HealthSafety/ohre/roadmap/achre/index.html

2.    Brownstein D, Iodine: Why You Need It, Why You Can't Live Without It. 4th Edition, Medical Alternative Press, West Bloomfield, MI. 

     ISBN: 978-0-9660882-3-6.

3.   Graeub R. The Petkau Effect: Nuclear Radiation, People and Trees, Four Walls Eight Windows, NY, 1992.

     ISBN: 0-941423-72-7.

4.   Gould JM, Goldman BA. Deadly Deceit: Low Level Radiation High Level Cover-Up, Four Walls Eight Windows, NY, 1990.

     ISBN: 0-941423-35-2.

5.   Gould JM. The Enemy Within: High Cost of Living Near Nuclear Reactors, Four Walls Eight Windows, NY, 1996.

     ISBN: 1-56858-06605.

6.   McGarity TO, Wagner WE. Bending Science: How Special Interests Corrupt Public Health Research, Harvard University Press, Cambridge, MA, 2008. ISBN: 978-0-674-04714-3.

7.   Walker JS. Permissible Dose: A History of Radiation Protection in the Twentieth Century, University of California Press, Berkeley, CA, 2000.

     ISBN: 0-520-22328-4.

 
References:

________________________________________________

 

(A). Abram Petkau, MD, PhD, performed nuclear radiation research under the Atomic Energy of Canada, Whiteshell Nuclear Research Establishment in Pinowa, Manitoba during the early 1970's.

      Also see: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Petkau_effect

(B). For a complete review on low-level radiation dangers and cover-ups, please see: Gould JM, Sternglass EJ, Mangano JJ, and McDonnell W. The Enemy Within. Four Walls Eight Windows, New York, NY

      (1996); and Gould JM, Goldman BA. Deadly Deceit: Low-Level Radiation High-Level Coverup. 2nd ed. Four Walls Eight Windows, New York NY (1991).

(C). See upcoming eBook The Regeneration Effect, Volume 1, for complete documentation covering this subject and the items listed above. See: http://doctorapsley.com/EBooks.aspx

(D). By "Natural Vitamin E" it is meant that no "dl" alpha tocopherol is present (only the "d' form is natural) and that other fractions of the Vitamin E Complex are present; for example, the gamma &

      delta fractions, plus tocotrienols.

(E). Spirulina often tastes objectionable to children when sprinkled into drinks, but Chlorella is commonly readily accepted when added into sweet natural juices or enough milk. By milk, we don't necessarily

      mean cow's milk, but rather nut milks or raw certified goat's milk.

(F). See: http://www.breastcancerfund.org/assets/pdfs/publications/state-of-the-evidence-2010.pdf pp. 61-5.

(G). See: http://doctorapsley.com/Hypothyroidism.aspx

(H). Americium-241 (which comes from the decay within nuclear reactors of Putonium-244) with half life of ~432 years;

      Americium-242 with half life of ~1,444 years;

      Americium-243 with half-life of ~7,370 years;

      Barium-140 (which comes from Cesium-137 decay) with half-life of ~13 days;

      Cesium-137 (which comes from the decay within nuclear reactors of Uranium-235) with a half-life of ~30 years;

      Iodine-131 (which comes from the decay within nuclear reactors of both Plutonium-244 & Uranium-235) with a half-life of ~8 days;

      Plutonium-244 with a half-life of ~80 years;

      Plutonium-239 with a half-life of ~24,000 years;

      Plutonium-238 with a half-life of ~88 years;

      Strontium-90 (which comes from the decay within nuclear reactors of both Plutonium-244 & Uranium-235) with a half-life of ~29 years;

      Tellurium-132 (which comes from the decay within nuclear reactors of both Plutonium-244 & Uranium-235) with a half-life of ~3 days;

      Uranium-238 with a half-life of ~4.5 Billion years;

      Uranium-235 (most common radioactive isotope from nuclear reactors) with a half-life of ~700 million years;

      Uranium-234 with a half-life of ~250,000 years;

      Yttrium-91 (which comes from Strontium-90) with a half-life of ~59 days; and

      Yttrium-90 with a half-life of ~64 hours.

      See: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fission_products_(by_element)

(I). See: http://www.infoukes.com/history/chornobyl/zuzak/page-08.htmlPatrick Reid of ALARA Research, Inc. addressed the following question related to the explosive potential of the outer coating to the

     Chernobyl fuel rods - Zirconium oxide (also known as Zircaloy)...

     Q: "Did the following reaction (which is presumably exothermic above 1800 Celsius) occur during the Chornobyl explosion? 2(H2O) + Zr --> ZrO2 + 2(H2)."

     A: "The exothermic Zircaloy-steam reaction is exothermic for all temperatures. The reaction rate becomes of some importance in typical CANDU accident analysis for temperatures >~1200 C. There is a

     significant increase in the reaction rate at ~1500 C, above which the reaction can "take off" under conditions in which the supply of oxygen is sufficient. Such takeoff will lead to temperature escalation

     which is not terminated until either the Zircaloy is totally consumed, significant heat transfer is provided to the Zircaloy, or the reaction becomes oxygen starved."

     Patrick Reid e-mail: pjreid@mi.net ALARA Research, Inc. Saint John, Nb. Canada Voice: (506) 674-9099 Fax: (506) 674-9197.

(J). So called normal background radiation levels are stated to be 2.4 millisieverts (2.4 mSv) per year, or 0.24 rems per year. Put another way, normal levels of background radiation we are exposed to average

      0.00017 mSv to 0.00039 mSv per hour according to the Worl Nuclear Association. For comparision, an average CAT scan exposes a person to 6.9 mSv, or 0.69 rems. See: Reuters. How much radiation is

      dangerous? Tokyo, March 27, 2011; First Published: 15:49 IST(27/3/2011); Last Updated: 15:51 IST(27/3/2011). (Sources: Taiwan Atomic Energy Council, World Nuclear Association, US Department of

      Transportation, US Environmental Protection Agency.) © Copyright 2011 Hindustan Times.

(K). In Tokyo, CNN reported on March 25th that at least 17 workers at the Fukushima Nuclear Power Plant had been exposed to over 100 mSv of radiation; and three were exposed in less than 1 hour to over

      170 mSv of radiation. For practical purposes, 1 rad equals 1 rem which equals 10 mSv. Linear model of risks from exposures to radiation rays (not applicable to tissue adsorbed particles) established by

      the U.S. EPA:

  •       5 rems to 10 rems equals 50 mSv to 100 mSv. These levels of exposure cause unhealthy changes to blood chemistry;
  •       50 rems equals 500 mSv. These levels of exposure cause nausea within hours after exposure and damage to the lymphatic system (spleen, bone marrow & lymph nodes);
  •       70 rems equals 700 mSv. These levels of exposure cause immediate vomiting and more extensive damage to the lymphatic system;
  •       75 rems equals 750 mSv. These levels of exposure cause immediate vomiting and hair loss within 2-3 weeks and more profound damage to the lymphatic system;
  •       90 rems equals 900 mSv. These levels of exposure cause immediate vomiting, later diarrhea, then hair loss within 2-3 weeks and more profound damage to the lymphatic system;
  •       100 rems equals 1,000 mSv. These levels of exposure cause all of the above plus hemorrhage (spontaneous bleeding) of most affected tissues, either externally or internally;
  •       400 rems equals 4,000 mSv. Frequently death results, but may be aggressively treated to prevent death;
  •       1,000 rems equals 10,000 mSv. Massive destruction of intestinal tract and massive internal bleeding, commonly resulting in death within 1-2 weeks;
  •       2,000 rems equals 20,000 mSv. Immediate massive brain damage and loss of consciousness within minutes. Fatal within hours.

 

(L). There are 23 GE Mark1 Boiling Water Reactors in the U.S. of the same design as those at Fukushima. Prior to 1980, due to concerns about a complete meltdown of such reactors, the Atomic Energy Commission reported in its WASH-740-Update: "The possible size of the area of such a disaster might be equal to that of the State of Pennsylvania." 

 

________________________________________________

 

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    iodine. Kitasato Arch Exp Med. 1992 Dec;65(4):209-16.

10. Gong YF, et al. Suppression of radioactive strontium absorption by sodium alginate in animals and human subjects. Biomed Environ Sci. 1991 Sep;4(3):273-82.

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     See: http://www.laka.org/docu/boeken/pdf/6-01-4-80-46.pdf page 21, second paragraph.

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24. Aposhian HV, et al. Vitamin C, glutathione, or lipoic acid did not decrease brain or kidney mercury in rats exposed to mercury vapor. Toxicol Clin Toxicol, 2003;41(4):339-47.

25. Reiter RJ, et al. Mechanisms for the Protective Actions of Melatonin in the Central Nervous System. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 2001;939:200-215.

26. Hultberg G, Andersson A, Isaksson A. Lipoic acid increases glutathione production and enhances the effect of mercury in human cell lines. Toxicology, 2002 Jun14;175(1-3):103-10.

27. See: http://articles.mercola.com/sites/articles/archive/2008/08/14/is-krill-oil-48-times-better-than-fish-oil.aspx

28. Kidd PM. Omega-3 DHA and EPA for cognition, behavior, and mood: clinical findings and structural-functional synergies with cell membrane phospholipids. Altern Med Rev. 2007 Sep;12(3):207-27.

     See: http://krilloil.com/research-3.html

29. Apsley J. The Regeneration Effect: A Professional Treatise on Self Healing, Volume 2, Genesis Communications, LLC, Northport, AL, 1996;p.75. ISBN: 0-945704-02-X.

30. See: http://townhall.com/columnists/anncoulter/2011/03/16/a_glowing_report_on_radiation/page/full/

31. Ling GN. Life at the Cell and Below - Cell Level: A Hidden History of a Fundamental Revolution in Biology. Pacific Press, NY. 2001.

32. Tennant J. Healing is Voltage: The Key to Pain Control and Chronic Disease, Tennant Institute for Integrative Medicine and Pain Control, Irving, TX. 972-580-1156.

     See: http://www.tennantinstitute.com/TIIM_MAC/Welcome.html

33. The Phase Angle is the angle between resistance and impedence, and is measured in degrees. See: http://www.rjlsystems.com/bia-disease-states.shtml

34. Rotkovska D, et al. The radioprotective effects of aqueous extract from Chlorococcal freshwater algae (Chlorella kessieri) in mice and rats. Strahlenther Onkol. 1989;165:813.

35. Vacek A, et al. Radioprotection of hemopoisesis conferred by aqueous extract from Chlorococcal algae (Ivastimul) administered to mice before radiation. Exp Heamotol. 1990;18:237-73.

36. Qishen P, et al. Radioprotective effect of extract from Spirulina platensis in mouse bone marrow cells studied by using the micronucleus test. Toxicology Let.  1989;48:165.

37. Horikoshi T, et al. Uptake of uranium by various cell fractions of Chlorella regularis. Radioisotopes,  1979 Aug;28(8):485-87.

38. Maisin J, et al. Yeast ribonucleic acid and its nucleotides as recovery factors in rats receiving an acute whole-body dose of X-rays. Nature, 1960;186:487-95.

39. Ebel JP, et al. Study on the therapeutic effect on irradiated mice of substances contained in RNA preparations. Int J Radiat Biol. 1969;16:201-09.

40. Wagner R, Silverman EC. Chemical protection against X-radiation in the Guinea-Pig. I. Radioprective action of RNA and ATP. Int J Radiat Biol. 1967;12:101-12.

41. Cousens G. Conscious Eating. North Atlantic Books; 2 edition (April 11, 2000). ISBN13: 9781556432859

42. Ewing SA, et al. Pb Isotopes as an Indicator of the Asian Contribution to Particulate Air Pollution in Urban California, Environ Sci Technol, 2010;44(23):8911–16.

     See: http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/es101450t?journalCode=esthag

43. Manfred von Ardenne, Oxygen Multistep Therapy: Physiological and Technical Foundations. Thieme, New York, 1990;p. 64-93. ISBN-10: 0865773777.

44. Levitskaia TG, Aminothiol receptors for decorporation of intravenously administered (60)Co in the rat. Health Phys. 2010 Jan;98(1):53-60.

45. Taha EA, Hassan NY, Aal FA, Fattah Lel-S. Fluorimetric determination of some sulfur containing compounds through complex formation with terbium (Tb+3) and uranium (U+3). J Fluoresc. 2007 May;

     17 (3):293-300. Epub 2007 Apr 18.

46. Milgram S, Carrière M, Thiebault C, Malaval L, Gouget B. Cytotoxic and phenotypic effects of uranium and lead on osteoblastic cells are highly dependent on metal speciation. Toxicology. 2008 Aug 19;

     250 (1):62-9. Epub 2008 Jun 18.

47. See: http://www.claude-  bernard.co.uk/page2.htm and see: http://www.whonamedit.com/doctor.cfm/846.html

48. Periyakaruppan A, Kumar F, Sarkar S, Sharma CS, Ramesh GT. Uranium induces oxidative stress in lung epithelial cells. Arch Toxicol. 2007 Jun;81(6):389-95. Epub 2006 Nov 24.

49. Zhuan W, et al. Induction of autophagy promotes differentiation of glioma-initiating cells and their radiosensitivity. Int J Cancer. 2011 Feb 3. doi: 10.1002/ijc.25975. [Epub ahead of print]

50. Segi M, Kurihara M, Matsuyama T. Cancer Mortality in Japan (1899-1962); Department of Public Health, Tohoku University, Sendai, Japan, 1965.

51. Ron E, Brenner A. Non-malignant thyroid diseases after a wide range of radiation exposures. Radiat Res. 2010 Dec;174(6):877-88. Epub 2010 Sep 7.

52. Wu GF, et al. Limited sufficiency of antigen presentation by dendritic cells in models of central nervous system autoimmunity. J Autoimmun. 2011 Feb;36(1):56-64. Epub 2010 Nov 20.

53. Shapira Y, Agmon-Levin N, Shoenfeld Y. Defining and analyzing geoepidemiology and human autoimmunity. J Autoimmun. 2010 May;34(3):J168-77. Epub 2010 Jan 19.

54. Prieto S, Grau JM. The geoepidemiology of autoimmune muscle disease. Autoimmun Rev. 2010 Mar;9(5):A330-4. Epub 2009 Nov 10.

55. Brenner DJ, Doll R, Goodhead DT, et al. (2003). Cancer risks attributable to low doses of ionizing radiation. Proc Natl Acad Sci, 100 (24):13761-13766.

56. Nikolopoulos D, Vogiannis E, Petraki E, Zisos A, Louizi A. Investigation of the exposure to radon and progeny in the thermal spas of Loutraki (Attica-Greece): results from measurements and modeling.

     Sci Total Environ. 2010 Jan 1;408(3):495-504. Epub 2009 Oct 30.

57. Vogiannis E, Nikolopoulos D. Modelling of radon concentration peaks in thermal spas: application to Polichnitos and Eftalou spas (Lesvos Island--Greece). Sci Total Environ. 2008 Nov 1;405(1-3):

     36-44. Epub 2008 Aug 19.

58. Yamaoka K, et al. Basic study on radon effects and thermal effects on humans in radon therapy. Physiol Chem Phys Med NMR. 2001;33(2):133-8.

59. Yamaoka K, et al. The elevation of p53 protein level and SOD activity in the resident blood of the Misasa radon hot spring district. J Radiat Res (Tokyo). 2005 Mar;46(1):21-4.

60. Florou H, et al. Field observations of the effects of protracted low levels of ionizing radiation on natural aquatic population by using a cytogenetic tool. J Environ Radioact. 2004;75(3):267-83.

61. Florou H, Trabidou G, Nicolaou G. An assessment of the external radiological impact in areas of Greece with elevated natural radioactivity. J Environ Radioact. 2007 Jan 24;93(2):74-83.

62. McGarity TO, Wagner WE. Bending Science: How Special Interests Corrupt Public Health Research. Harvard University Press (March 15, 2010). ISBN-10: 0674047141; ISBN-13: 978-0674047143

63. See: http://www.no-nukes.org/prairieisland/inthezone.html

64. See: http://www.no-nukes.org/prairieisland/hilolevel.html

65. Atasoy BM, et al. Prophylactic feeding with immune-enhanced diet ameliorates chemoradiation-induced gastrointestinal injury in rats. Int J Radiat Biol. 2010 Oct;86(10):867-79.

66. NRC: National Research Council (2005). Biologic effects of ionizing radiation VII: Health risks from exposure to low levels of ionizing radiation. National Academy of Science, Washington DC.

67. Smith DR. Nuclear criticality accidents. Occup Med. 1991 Oct-Dec;6(4):569-79.

68. Fliedner TM, Graessle DH. Hematopoietic cell renewal systems: mechanisms of coping and failing after chronic exposure to ionizing radiation. Radiat Environ Biophys. 2008 Feb;47(1):63-9.

69. Whistler T, et al. Impaired immune function in Gulf War Illness. BMC Med Genomics. 2009 Mar 5;2:12.

70. Bertell R. Depleted uranium: all the questions about DU and Gulf War syndrome are not yet answered. Int J Health Serv. 2006;36(3):503-20. (SIDE NOTE: This article highlights the need for appraising

     suspected DU exposure injuries in a different manner. This suggestion dovetails with my proposal related to the subject of "Strict Determinism" above along seven ideal study parameters after Ling and

     Tennant.)

71. Marshall AC. Gulf war depleted uranium risks. J Expo Sci Environ Epidemiol. 2008 Jan;18(1):95-108. Epub 2007 Feb 14. 

72. Horner RD, et al. Occurrence of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis among Gulf War veterans. Neurology. 2003 Sep 23;61(6):742-9.

73. Kasarskis EJ, et al. Clinical aspects of ALS in Gulf War veterans. Amyotroph Lateral Scler. 2009 Feb;10(1):35-41.

74. Abraham GE, The Wolff-Chaikoff effect of increasing iodide intake on the thyroid. Townsend Letter, 2003;(245):100-1.

75. Abraham GE, Flechas JD, Hakala JC. Optimum levels of iodine for greatest mental and physical health. The Original Internist, 2000;9:5-20.

     See: http://www.optimox.com/pics/Iodine/IOD-01/IOD_01.htm

76. Abraham GE. The safe and effective implementation of orthoiodosupplementation in medical practice. The Original Internist, 2004 Apr;11:17-36.

     See: http://www.optimox.com/pics/Iodine/IOD-05/IOD_05.html

77. Abraham GE, Flechas JD. The effect of daily ingestion of 100mg iodine combined with high doses of Vitamins B2 and B3 (ATP cofactors) in five subjects with Fibromyalgia. The Original Internist, 2008

     Mar;15(1):8-15. See: http://www.optimox.com/pics/Iodine/IOD-21/IOD_21.htm

78. Abraham GE. Iodine supplementation markedly increases urinary excretion of fluoride and bromide. Townsend Letter, 2003;(238):108-9.

79. Abraham GE, Brownstein D. Evidence that the administration of Vitamin C improves a defective cellular transport mechanism for iodine: A case report. The Original Internist. 2005;12(3):125-30.

     See: http://www.optimox.com/pics/Iodine/IOD-11/IOD_11.htm

80. Bandazhevskaya GS, Nesterenko VB, Babenko VI, Yerkovich TV, Bandazhevsky YI. Relationship between caesium (137Cs) load, cardiovascular symptoms, and source of food in 'Chernobyl' children --

     preliminary observations after intake of oral apple pectin. Swiss Med Wkly. 2004 Dec 18;134(49-50):725-9.

81. Hollriegl V, Rohmuss M, Oeh U, Roth P. Strontium biokinetics in humans: influence of alginate on the uptake of ingested strontium. Health Phys. 2004 Feb;86(2):193-6.

82. Gong YF, et al. Suppression of radioactive strontium absorption by sodium alginate in animals and human subjects. Biomed Environ Sci. 1991 Sep;4(3):273-82.

83. Hill P, Schläger M, Vogel V, Hille R, Nesterenko AV, Nesterenko VB. Studies on the current 137Cs body burden of children in Belarus--can the dose be further reduced? Radiat Prot Dosimetry. 2007;125(1-

     4):523-6.

84. Nesterenko VB, Nesterenko AV. Decorporation of Chernobyl radionuclides. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2009 Nov;1181:303-10.

85. Mangano JJ. Childhood leukemia in US may have risen due to Fall Out from Chernobyl, BMJ. 1997 Apr 19;314(7088):1200.

86. Graeub R. The Petkau Effect: Nuclear Radiation, People and Trees, Four Walls Eight Windows, NY, 1992. ISBN: 0-941423-72-7.

87. Gould JM, Goldman BA. Deadly Deceit: Low Level Radiation High Level Cover-Up, Four Walls Eight Windows, NY, 1990. ISBN: 0-941423-35-2.

88. Gould JM. The Enemy Within: High Cost of Living Near Nuclear Reactors, Four Walls Eight Windows, NY, 1996. ISBN: 1-56858-06605.

89.  Walker JS. Permissible Dose: A History of Radiation Protection in the Twentieth Century, University of California Press, Berkeley, CA, 2000. ISBN: 0-520-22328-4.

90. See: http://search.japantimes.co.jp/cgi-bin/nn20110330a1.html

91. See: http://www.infowars.com/fukushima-reactor-2-radiation-10-million-times-above-safe-level/

92. See: http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-scotland-glasgow-west-12892383

93. See: http://www.hss.energy.gov/HealthSafety/ohre/roadmap/achre/index.html Especially Chapters 7 - 11 & 13. This will tell you unequivocally we cannot trust our government on issues relating on

     radiation exposures to the U.S. general public.

94. Op. cit. Deadly Deceit; pp. 71-3.

95. Op. cit. The Enemy Within; pp. 1-13.

96. McGarity TO, Wagner WE. Bending Science: How Special Interests Corrupt Public Health Research. Harvard University Press, Cambridge, MA, 2010. pp. 34-6.

97. See: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chernobyl_disaster

98. See: http://www.greenpeace.org/international/en/news/features/chernobyl-deaths-180406/

99. Yablokov AV, Nesterenko VB, Nesterenko AV. Chernobyl: Consequences of the Catastrophe for People and the Environment (Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences) (paperback ed.), Wiley-Blackwell,

     2009 Dec; Volume 1181. ISBN 978-1573317573. Also see: http://www.talkradionews.com/news/2011/3/25/fukushima-crisis-could-have-long-term-impact-claims-chernoyb.html

100. See: www.radiation.org

101. Chapman KW, Chupas PJ, Nenoff TM. Radioactive iodine capture in silver-containing mordenites through nanoscale silver iodide formation. J Am Chem Soc. 2010 Jul 7;132(26):8897-9.

102. Zhang GH, Liu XS, Thomas JK. Radiation induced physical and chemical processes in zeolite materials. Radiation Physics And Chemistry, 1998 Feb;51(2):135-52.

103. Dyer A, Las T, Zubair M. The Use of Natural Zeolites for Radioactive Waste Treatment: Studies on Leaching from Zeolite/Cement Composites. Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry, 2000;

       243(3):839-41.

104. Forberg S, Jones B, Westermark T. Can zeolites decrease the uptake and accelerate the excretion of radio-caesium in ruminants? Sci. Total Environ. 1989;79:37–41.

105. See Reuters: http://ca.reuters.com/article/idCATRE72A0SS20110328 which reported the startling finding of Plutonium-238/239/240.

106. See Bloomberg: http://www.bloomberg.com/news/2011-03-25/cows-in-japan-barred-from-grazing-as-radiation-leaks-from-fukushima-plant.html which reported the findings on radioactive Cobalt, Cesium

       & Iodide.

107. Leon JD, et al. Nuclear Experiment: Arrival time and magnitude of airborne fission products from the Fukushima, Japan, reactor incident as measured in Seattle, WA, USA, Cornell University Library

       (Submitted on 24 Mar 2011 (v1), last revised 25 Mar 2011 (this version, v2)), arXiv.org > nucl-ex > arXiv:1103.4853.

       See: http://www.technologyreview.com/blog/arxiv/26571/ which found radioactive Cesium-137/134, Iodide-133/132/131, and Tellurium-132 likely arriving from Fukushima Fall-Out landing in Seattle, WA.

108. See: http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/42280076

109. See: http://hosted2.ap.org/APDefault/*/Article_2011-03-31-AS-Japan-Earthquake/id-49058e7026b74b269c2e20073e60d56c

110. See: http://karlgrossman.blogspot.com/2011/03/hydrogen-zirconium-flashbulbs-and.html

111. See: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zircaloy112.

112. See: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fukushima_I_nuclear_accidents

113. See: http://www.espi-metals.com/msds's/Zirconium.htm. This link definitely confirms Zircaloy particle coatings can explode.

114. See: http://www.nytimes.com/2011/03/26/world/asia/26japan.html?pagewanted=1&_r=1

115. See: http://www.fpl.com/environment/nuclear/nukebook_measuring_radiation.shtml

116. See: Fox News report, Channel 360, Special Report with Bret Baier, 15:25 PST, April 1st, 2011.

117. Op. cit. The Enemy Within; p. 115 & Appendix D, pp. 321-9.

118. See: http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/42371032/ns/world_news-asiapacific/. And see: http://www.foxnews.com/world/2011/03/31/japans-nuclear-rescuers-inevitable-die-weeks/?test=latestnews

119. Fox News Reporting: The Disaster in Japan with Sheppard Smith, Channel 360, 20:30 PST, April 2nd, 2001.

120. See: http://www.llrc.org/plutonium/subtopic/plutonium_pollution.htm

121. See: http://www.sfexaminer.com/local/bay-area/2011/04/radiation-bay-area-rainwater-high-weakening

 

 

Also see abstracts below:

________________________________________________

 
Seaweeds & Kelp:
 

Kitasato Arch Exp Med. 1992 Dec;65(4):209-16.

Suppression of 125I-uptake in mouse thyroid by seaweed feeding: possible preventative effect of dietary seaweed on internal radiation injury of the thyroid by radioactive iodine.

Maruyama H, Yamamoto I.

Department of Pathology, Kitasato University School of Hygienic Sciences, Kanagawa, Japan.

 

Abstract

We conducted an animal experiment to determine how dietary seaweeds rich in iodine and dietary fibers suppress radioactive iodine uptake by the thyroid, using mice and four kinds of experimental diets, three with 1% or 2% powdered fronds of the kelp Laminaria religiosa and 2% powdered laver Porphyra yezoensis, and one with cellulose. Iodine content of a hot-water extract of the kelp was 0.530 +/- 0.001%, and its dietary fiber (DF) values were 52.8 +/- 1.2%. Iodine in an extract of the laver was 0.008 +/- 0.001%, and its DF values were 41.4% +/- 0.7%. A statistically significant reduction of 125I uptake by the thyroid, 3 hours after intragastric administration of the radionuclide at a dosage of 18.5 kBq or 185 kBq in 0.3 ml aqueous solution per mouse, was observed in mice previously fed the experimental diets containing 1% and 2% kelp during periods varying from 24 hours to 7 days. The degree of the suppression was observed to depend on the amount of iodine in the diet or in the injected sample, no matter whether organic or inorganic, judging from the results of an additional experiment. Thus, we conclude that previously fed iodine-rich material, especially dietary seaweeds rich in iodine and other minerals, vitamins, and beta-carotene, such as kelps or laver supplemented with inorganic iodine, may be effective in prevention of internal radiation injury of the thyroid. PMID: 1344008

 

 

Biomed Environ Sci. 1991 Sep;4(3):273-82.

Suppression of radioactive strontium absorption by sodium alginate in animals and human subjects.

Gong YF, Huang ZJ, Qiang MY, Lan FX, Bai GA, Mao YX, Ma XP, Zhang FG.

Institute of Radiation Medicine, Beijing, China.

 

Abstract

The effect of 23 sodium alginate preparations from different species of algae (Sargassum sp.) and kelp (Laminaria sp.) on reducing the absorption of strontium was studied in detail. A pilot production procedure has been established. Na alginate from S. siliquastrum was proven to be a potent agent for reducing Sr absorption, with high efficiency and virtually no toxicity. It reduced the body burden of strontium 3.3-4.2 fold in rats. Strontium absorption in human subjects was reduced by 78% (+/- 8.9) or completely suppressed the increase of serum Sr at 2 h after ingestion of stable Sr in volunteers and decrease 24 h urine Sr to similar extent. No undesirable effects on gastrointestinal function was observed nor were Ca, Fe, Cu and Zn metabolism changed, both in the animal experiments and in human. It was concluded that alginate preparations derived from Sargassum species are a suitable antidote against radiostrontium absorption on a long-term basis, when added to bread at a 6% level. In cases of emergency, an alginate syrup preparation appears to be more suitable because of its rapid action. PMID: 1764217

 

 

 

Studies Associated with Pectin:

 

Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2009 Nov;1181:303-10.

13. Decorporation of Chernobyl radionuclides.

Nesterenko VB, Nesterenko AV.

Institute of Radiation Safety (BELRAD), 2-nd Marusinsky St. 27, Minsk 220053, Belarus. anester@mail.ru

 

Abstract

Tens of thousands of Chernobyl children (mostly from Belarus) annually leave to receive treatment and health care in other countries. Doctors from many countries gratuitously work in the Chernobyl contaminated territories, helping to minimize the consequences of this most terrible technologic catastrophe in history. But the scale and spectrum of the consequences are so high, that no country in the world can cope alone with the long-term consequences of such a catastrophe as Chernobyl. The countries that have suffered the most, especially Ukraine and Belarus, extend gratitude for the help that has come through the United Nations and other international organizations, as well as from private funds and initiatives. Twenty-two years after the Chernobyl releases, the annual individual dose limit in heavily contaminated territories of Belarus, Ukraine, and European Russia exceed 1 mSv/year just because of the unavoidable consumption of locally contaminated products. The 11-year experience of the BELRAD Institute shows that for effective radiation protection it is necessary to establish the interference level for children at 30% of the official dangerous limit (i.e., 15-20 Bq/kg). The direct whole body counting measurements of Cs-137 accumulation in the bodies of inhabitants of the heavily contaminated Belarussian region shows that the official Dose Catalogue underestimates the annual dose burdens by three to eight times. For practical reasons the curative-like use of apple-pectin food additives might be especially helpful for effective decorporation of Cs-137. From 1996 to 2007 a total of more than 160,000 Belarussian children received pectin food additives during 18 to 25 days of treatment (5 g twice a day). As a result, levels of Cs-137 in children's organs decreased after each course of pectin additives by an average of 30 to 40%. Manufacture and application of various pectin-based food additives and drinks (using apples, currants, grapes, sea seaweed, etc.) is one of the most effective ways for individual radioprotection (through decorporation) under circumstances where consumption of radioactively contaminated food is unavoidable. PMID: 20002057

 

 

Radiat Prot Dosimetry. 2007;125(1-4):523-6. Epub 2007 Feb 20.

Studies on the current 137Cs body burden of children in Belarus--can the dose be further reduced?

Hill P, Schläger M, Vogel V, Hille R, Nesterenko AV, Nesterenko VB.

Forschungszentrum Jülich GmbH, D-52425 Jülich, Germany. p.hill@fz-juelich.de

 

Abstract

After the Chernobyl reactor accident wide areas of Belarus were contaminated with radioactive fallout. The verification and documentation of the long-term development of radiation doses is still going on. A population group of special concern are the children living in contaminated regions. The annual dose limit of 1 mSv is still exceeded in some cases, essentially due to high body burdens of 137Cs as indicated by screening measurements with portable incorporation monitors. In this situation the evaluation of possible dose reduction measures in addition to the control of food contamination is being investigated. Special attention is given to the therapeutic application of a pectin preparation (Vitapect), for which a dose-lowering effect is presumed by Belarusian scientists. In a placebo-controlled double-blind study, several groups of contaminated children received a pectin compound named Vitapect for a two-week period during their stay in a sanatorium. For comparison the same number of control groups were given a placebo preparation. The 137Cs body burden of the children was measured at the beginning and the end. The mean relative reduction of the specific activity within the Vitapect groups was found to be approximately 33%, whereas the specific activity of the children who received a placebo decreased only by approximately 14%, due to clean food supply. It is known that pectins chemically bind cations like cesium in the gastrointestinal tract and thereby increase faecal excretion. Theoretical calculations based on this assumption and considering metabolism processes are qualitatively consistent with the experimentally found retention of radiocesium in the human body after pectin treatment. PMID: 17314090

 

Lik Sprava. 1993 Jul;(8):21-4.

Pectin-containing products in the dietary nutrition of subjects exposed to ionizing radiation as a result of the accident at the Chernobyl Atomic Electric Power Station.

Bereza VIa, Chaialo PP, Iatsula GS, Shimelis IV, Protas AF.

 

Abstract

Effect of natural and enriched with pectin tanned fruits on radiation-induced metabolic disorders was studied in persons subjected to radiation due to Chernobyl accident. It was shown that products in question beneficially influenced blood antioxidant system as well as brought to the norm contents of triglicerides and albumins in patients with IIa and IV types of hyperlipoproteinaemia. PMID: 8079467

 
 
Studies Associated with NAC, Selenium, Vit. C & E, Lipoic acid and CoQ10 supplementation:

 

Radiat Res. 2010 Apr;173(4):462-8.

Antioxidant diet supplementation starting 24 hours after exposure reduces radiation lethality.

Brown SL, Kolozsvary A, Liu J, Jenrow KA, Ryu S, Kim JH.

Henry Ford Hospital, Department of Radiation Oncology, Detroit, Michigan 48202, USA. sbrown1@hfhs.org

 

Abstract

Antioxidants mitigate radiation-induced lethality when started soon after radiation exposure, a delivery time that may not be practical due to difficulties in distribution and because the oral administration of such agents may require a delay beyond the prodromal stage of the radiation syndrome. We report the unexpected finding that antioxidant supplementation starting 24 h after total-body irradiation resulted in better survival than antioxidant supplementation started soon after the irradiation. The antioxidant dietary supplement was l-selenomethionine, sodium ascorbate, N-acetyl cysteine, alpha-lipoic acid, alpha-tocopherol succinate, and co-enzyme Q10. Total-body irradiation with 8 Gy in the absence of antioxidant supplementation was lethal by day 16. When antioxidant supplementation was started soon after irradiation, four of 14 mice survived. In contrast, 14 of 18 mice receiving antioxidant supplementation starting 24 h after irradiation were alive and well 30 days later. The numbers of spleen colonies and blood cells were higher in mice receiving antioxidant supplementation starting 24 h after irradiation than in mice receiving radiation alone. A diet supplemented with antioxidants administered starting 24 h after total-body irradiation improved bone marrow cell survival and mitigated lethality, with a radiation protection factor of approximately 1.18. PMID: 20334518 

 

 
Studies with RNA, Omega 3 Oils:
 

Int J Radiat Biol. 2010 Oct;86(10):867-79.

Prophylactic feeding with immune-enhanced diet ameliorates chemoradiation-induced gastrointestinal injury in rats.

Atasoy BM, Deniz M, Dane F, Özen Z, Turan P, Ercan F, Çerikçioğlu N, Aral C, Akgün Z, Abacioğlu U, Yeğen BÇ.

Departments of Radiation Oncology, Marmara University School of Medicine, Istanbul. bmatasoy@yahoo.com

 

Abstract

PURPOSE: To investigate the protective effect of immune-enhanced diet (IED) on chemoradiation-induced injury of the gastrointestinal mucosa.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty-eight Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into control (C, n=6), irradiation (IR, n=14), fluoropyrimidine (5-FU, n=14)-treated, IR + 5-FU (n=14)-treated groups. Half of each irradiated and/or 5-FU-treated groups were previously fed with IED containing arginine, omega-3-fatty acids and RNA fragments, while the other half were fed a standard rat diet (SD) for eight days before the induction of IR or injection of 5-FU. In IR groups, whole abdominal irradiation (11 Gy) was performed with 6 MV photons. In the 5-FU groups, fluoropyrimidine (100 mg/kg) was administered intraperitoneally 30 min prior to irradiation. All animals were sacrificed on the 4th day of IR or 5-FU injection.

RESULTS: Bacterial colony counts in the ceca and mesenteric lymph nodes of IED-fed rats, which have received either 5-FU and/or irradiation were significantly lower than the corresponding SD-fed groups. Morphometric results revealed that gastric, ileal and colonic injuries were less in IED-treated IR or IR + 5-FU + IED groups, as compared to SD-fed groups. However, IED did not alter DNA fragmentation ratios.

CONCLUSION: Prophylactic feeding of IED has a protective effect on chemoradiation-induced gastrointestinal injury, which appears to involve the eradication of bacterial overgrowth. PMID: 20653343

 
 
Studies Associated with Calcium Intake (and therefore pertaining to Bone Meal supplementation):
 

Health Phys. 2004 Jun;86(6):557-64.

Dietary intakes of seven elements of importance in radiological protection by asian population: comparison with ICRP data.

Iyengar GV, Kawamura H, Dang HS, Parr RM, Wang J, Akhter P, Cho SY, Natera E, Miah FK, Dojosubroto J, Nguyen MS.

Nutrition and Health-Related Environmental Studies Section Division of Human Health, International Atomic Energy Agency, Vienna, Austria. V.Iyengar@IAEA.org

 

Abstract

Within the framework of a Coordinated Research Project (CRP) organized by the International Atomic Energy Agency, Vienna, the daily dietary intakes of seven elements by adult populations living in nine Asian countries were estimated. The countries that participated in the study were Bangladesh, China, India, Indonesia, Japan, Pakistan, Philippines, South Korea (Republic of Korea, ROK), and Vietnam and together they represented more than half of the world population. The seven elements studied were calcium, cesium, iodine, potassium, strontium, thorium, and uranium. These elements have chemical and biological similarity to some of the radionuclides abundantly encountered during nuclear power production and therefore data on these elements could provide important information on their biokinetic behavior. Analyses of diet samples for these seven elements were carried out using highly sensitive and reliable analytical techniques. One thousand one hundred and sixty analytical determinations were made on two hundred and twenty samples of typical diets consumed in these countries to estimate the daily intakes of these elements by the adult Asian population. The median daily dietary intakes for the adult Asian population were found to be 0.45 g calcium, 7 microg cesium, 90 microg iodine, 1.75 g potassium, 1.65 mg strontium, 1 microg thorium, and 1 microg uranium. When compared with the intakes proposed for ICRP Reference Man by International Commission for Radiological Protection, these intakes were lower by factors of 0.41 for calcium, 0.7 for cesium, 0.45 for iodine, 0.53 for potassium, 0.87 for strontium, 0.33 for thorium, and 0.52 for uranium. The lower daily intakes of calcium, cesium, and iodine by Asian population could be due to significantly lower consumption of milk and milk products, which are rich in these elements. The significantly lower intake of calcium in most of the Asian countries may lead to higher uptake of fission nuclide 90Sr and could result in perhaps higher internal radiation dose. The use of highly sensitive and reliable analytical methods resulted in accurate and lower intake values obtained for thorium and uranium, which suggest that radiation dose from their ingestion at natural background levels is likely to be lower than what may be concluded from ICRP data. PMID: 15167119

 

 

Health Phys. 2002 Jul;83(1):56-65.

Absorption of strontium from the gastrointestinal tract into plasma in healthy human adults.

Apostoaei AI.

SENES, Oak Ridge, Inc, TN 37830, USA. iulian@senes.com

 

Abstract

The radioactive isotopes of strontium have always been a major concern in radiation protection. Currently, radiostrontium is of interest for evaluation of the health effects of the Chernobyl accident and for epidemiological studies in populations exposed to releases from the Mayak nuclear facilities in Russia. Ingestion is one of the most important exposure pathways involving radioactive strontium. The main sources of published data on the fraction of the ingested strontium that is transferred to plasma (f1) are summarized. For some of these studies, the original data had to be reanalyzed and a new iterative method to account for the elimination in feces of strontium of endogenous origin (i.e., that was absorbed to blood and has already been returned into feces) was employed. Data indicate no significant dependence of the absorbed fraction on sex or age at exposure within the adult group, but absorption of (radioactive) strontium is reduced if the intake of stable calcium is very high and is enhanced if the intake of calcium is very low. The probability distribution function of f1 values is well represented by a lognormal curve with a geometric mean of 22.3% and a geometric standard deviation of 1.44 (95% confidence interval 10.9% to 45.6%, or about a factor of 2 around the geometric mean). This distribution can be considered representative for the variability of the f1 values in a population of healthy adults. PMID: 12075684

 

 

Melatonin:

 
Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys. 2004 Jul 1;59(3):639-53.

Melatonin as a radioprotective agent: a review.

Vijayalaxmi, Reiter RJ, Tan DX, Herman TS, Thomas CR Jr.

Department of Radiation Oncology, The University of Texas Health Science Center, San Antonio, 78229, USA. vijay@uthscsa.edu

 

Abstract

Melatonin (N-acetyl-5-methoxytryptamine), the chief secretory product of the pineal gland in the brain, is well known for its functional versatility. In hundreds of investigations, melatonin has been documented as a direct free radical scavenger and an indirect antioxidant, as well as an important immunomodulatory agent. The radical scavenging ability of melatonin is believed to work via electron donation to detoxify a variety of reactive oxygen and nitrogen species, including the highly toxic hydroxyl radical. It has long been recognized that the damaging effects of ionizing radiation are brought about by both direct and indirect mechanisms. The direct action produces disruption of sensitive molecules in the cells, whereas the indirect effects ( approximately 70%) result from its interaction with water molecules, which results in the production of highly reactive free radicals such as *OH, *H, and e(aq)- and their subsequent action on subcellular structures. The hydroxyl radical scavenging ability of melatonin was used as a rationale to determine its radioprotective efficiency. Indeed, the results from many in vitro and in vivo investigations have confirmed that melatonin protects mammalian cells from the toxic effects of ionizing radiation. Furthermore, several clinical reports indicate that melatonin administration, either alone or in combination with traditional radiotherapy, results in a favorable efficacy:toxicity ratio during the treatment of human cancers. This article reviews the literature from laboratory investigations that document the ability of melatonin to scavenge a variety of free radicals (including the hydroxyl radical induced by ionizing radiation) and summarizes the evidence that should be used to design larger translational research-based clinical trials using melatonin as a radioprotector and also in cancer radiotherapy. The potential use of melatonin for protecting individuals from radiation terrorism is also considered. PMID: 15183467 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

 

 

Morinda:

 

Zhong Xi Yi Jie He Za Zhi. 1991 Jul;11(7):415-7, 390.

[Comparison with the pharmacological actions of Morinda officinalis, Damnacanthus officinarum and Schisandra propinqua].

[Article in Chinese]

Qiao ZS, Wu H, Su ZW.

College of Pharmacy, Second Military Medical University, Shanghai.

 

Abstract

There are three kinds of plants, Morinda officinalis (1), Damnacanthus officinarum (2), and Schisandra propinqua (3) whose roots have been used since the ancient time. In this paper, some of their pharmacological actions that are related to tonifying and invigorating Yang were examined and compared. The body weight, the thymus weight, the amount of leukocyte in the blood, and the continuing swimming times of the young mice could be increased with the oral administration of the water extractions of (1) and (2) (P less than 0.05-0.001). The Rt of M-receptor in the brains of the hypothyroidism mice were decreased after administration of the water extracts of (1) and (2) (P less than 0.05). (1) could also increased the amount of leukocyte in the blood of leukocytopenia mice caused by radiation of gamma-ray (P less than 0.01). (3) has not shown the obvious effects (P greater than 0.05). The results indicate that (1) and (2) have the ability of anti-fatigue, improving the immunological action of the young mice, and reducing the excitability of the para-sympathetic nervous system of the hypothyroidism mice through decreasing the Rt of M-receptor in their brains. All of them did not show acute toxicity, inducing mutation, and sexual hormone like actions. PMID: 1914038

 

 

Aloe:

 

Georgian Med News. 2009 Jun;(171):80-3.

[Radio protective drug production from fresh leaves of Aloe arborescens Mill].

[Article in Russian]

Bakuridze AD, Nikolaev SM, Berashvili DT, Bakuridze KA, Tsomaia IV.

 

Abstract

Nowadays, phytogenous drugs are wildly used as radio protective substances. The aim of the research was to study radio protective characteristics of aloe juice fraction and to develop new technology for radio protective drug production. Technological scheme for getting the drug in two stages. The first stage - extraction of juice from fresh leaves; the second stage - extracting bagasse have been developed and optimal environment for bagasse extraction are defined: Infusion of bagasse with 96 % ethyl spirit (1:1) during 30 minutes, continuation of extracting with water on correlation to raw materials 10:1 at temperature of 70 degrees C during 30 minutes. For the basis of the first series of balanced loading there are taken the optimal parameters of extracting process, on the basis of which in its turn was developed technological scheme of getting dry extract of aloe. Dry extract is a fine-dispersed reddish-yellow (brownish-yellow) powder, which can be easily dissolved in warm (40-60 degrees C) water. Pharmacological researches were conducted in the Institute of General and Experimental Biology, Siberian Branch, Russian. Academy of Sciences. The remarkable radio protective effect of the drug was revealed. PMID: 19578223

 

 

Structured Water:

 

J Photochem Photobiol B. 2010 Feb 12;98(2):144-51. Epub 2009 Dec 5.

Defensive effects of fullerene-C60/liposome complex against UVA-induced intracellular reactive oxygen species generation and cell death in human skin keratinocytes HaCaT, associated with intracellular uptake and extracellular excretion of fullerene-C60.

Kato S, Kikuchi R, Aoshima H, Saitoh Y, Miwa N.

Laboratory of Cell-Death Control BioTechnology, Faculty of Life and Environmental Sciences, Prefectural University of Hiroshima, 562, Nanatsuka, Shobara, Hiroshima 727-0023, Japan.

 

Abstract

The UVA-irradiation of 10 J/cm(2) on HaCaT keratinocytes increased 59.1% of the intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) by NBT assay and the cell viability decreased to 31.5% by WST-1 assay, comparing to the non-irradiated control. In the presence of fullerene-C60 (C60) incorporated in phospholipid membrane vehicle (LiposomeFullerene: Lpsm-Flln) of 250-500 ppm, they were restored to -9.1% to +2.3% of the ROS and 83.0-84.8% of the cell viability, but scarcely restored by the liposome without C60 (Lpsm). In HaCaT cells administered with Lpsm-Flln (150 ppm), C60 was ingested at the intracellular concentrations of 1.4-21.9 ppm for 4-24 h, and, intracellular C60 was excreted by 80% at 4h after rinsing-out, and decreased to 2-10% after 24-48 h. C60 was predominantly distributed around the outside of nuclear membrane without deterioration of intact cell morphology according to fluorescent immunostain. Thus Lpsm-Flln is found to be an effective antioxidant that could preserve HaCaT keratinocytes against UVA-induced cellular injury. Lpsm-Flln has a potential to serve as a cosmetic material for skin protection against UVA. Copyright 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

PMID: 20060738 [PubMed - in process]

 

 

J Radiat Res (Tokyo). 2008 May;49(3):321-7. Epub 2008 Feb 16.

Fullerenol C60(OH)24 effects on antioxidative enzymes activity in irradiated human erythroleukemia cell line.

Bogdanović V, Stankov K, Icević I, Zikic D, Nikolić A, Solajić S, Djordjević A, Bogdanović G.

Institute of Oncology, Department of Experimental Oncology, Sremska, Kamenica, Serbia.

 

Abstract

Radiotherapy-induced toxicity is a major dose-limiting factor in anti-cancer treatment. Ionizing radiation leads to the formation of reactive oxygen and nitrogen species (ROS/RNS) that are associated with radiation-induced cell death. Investigations of biological effects of fullerenol have provided evidence for its ROS/RNS scavenger properties in vitro and radioprotective efficiency in vivo. Therefore we were interested to evaluate its radioprotective properties in vitro in the human erythroleukemia cell line. Pre-treatment of irradiated cells by fullerenol exerted statistically significant effects on cell numbers and the response of antioxidative enzymes to X-ray irradiation-induced oxidative stress in cells. Our study provides evidence that the pre-treatment with fullerenol enhanced the enzymatic activity of superoxide dismutase and glutathione peroxidase in irradiated K562 cells. PMID: 18285660 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

 
 
Sodium Bicarbonate (Baking Soda):

 

JEM. 1917;25(5):693-719.

A study of the acidosis, blood urea, and plasma chlorides in uranium nephritis in the dog, and of the protective action of sodium bicarbonate. 

Goto K.

 

Abstract

Methods: The presence of an acidosis in dogs with experimental uranium nephritis is demonstrable by the Van Slyke-Stillman-Cullen method and that of Marriott. It is detected more readily by the former method. This acidosis is associated with increase in the blood urea and plasma chlorides and with the appearance of albumin and casts in the urine. Results: The oral administration of sodium bicarbonate diminishes the acidosis, the increase in plasma chlorides, the amount of albumin and casts in the urine, and, to a lesser degree, the increase in the blood urea following the administration of uranium. It also diminishes the severity of the changes produced by uranium in the kidneys. Conclusions: The oral administration of sodium bicarbonate to normal dogs raises the carbon dioxide content of the plasma as determined by the Van Slyke-Stillman-Cullen method, and reduces the nephrotoxicity associated with uranium exposure in dogs.

 

 

 

J Radiol. 1994 Nov;75(11):571-5.

[Management of accidental internal exposure].

[Article in French]

Fatome M.

 

Abstract

Radionucleides can penetrate into the body via the lung, the digestive tract, wounds and sometimes through healthy skin. Once they have penetrated the body, they can either remain localized at the site of entry or be rapidly metabolized. The risk is late effects. Radioelements must be eliminated as rapidly as possible decreasing the exposure proportionally. The effectiveness of the treatment depends on early institution. Nevertheless, emergency intensive care or surgery may be required. As soon as possible, explorations must be carried out to evaluate the level of contamination (human spectrometry, radiotoxicological examinations) and to start treatment. Modalities include non-specific techniques (lavage, insolubilization, laxatives) and specific techniques such as complexation or isotopic dilution (iodine for iodine, Prussian blue for cesium, DTPA for plutonium, Diamox or sodium bicarbonate for uranium). Surgical cleaning of wounds and burns is an excellent means of decontamination. External contamination is often associated. Further contamination must be prevented immediately. PMID: 7844774

 

 

 

Int J Radiat Biol. 1995 Oct;68(4):389-93.

Efficacy of 3,4,3-LIHOPO for reducing the retention of uranium in rat after acute administration.

Henge-Napoli MH, Archimbaud M, Ansoborlo E, Metivier H, Gourmelon P.

Institute de Protection et de Sûreté Nucléaire, IPSN, Fontenay aux Roses, France.

 

Abstract

Decorporation therapy is the only known effective method of reducing the radiation dose to persons following accidental internal contamination with transportable radionuclides. Deposits of actinides in bone should be minimized because development of osteosarcoma appears to be related to internal exposure. In contrast with other actinides, such as plutonium or americium where chelating agent treatment is efficient, the therapeuric approaches used for cases of uranium contamination are widely ineffective. This is the first report on in vivo efficacy of a chelating agent, a siderophore analogue code named 3,4,3-LIHOPO, after systematic exposure to natural uranium in the rat. Using the classical antidotal therapy (sodium bicarbonate) for comparison, this ligand has been investigated for its ability to remove uranium from rats after intravenous or intramuscular injection as nitrate. Following an immediate single intramuscular or intravenous injection of 3,4,3-LIHOPO (30 mumol.kg-1) urinary excretion of uranium was greatly enhanced with a corresponding reduction 24 h later in kidney and bone uranium content (to about 20 and 50% of the control rat respectively). Under identical experimental conditions, sodium bicarbonate (640 mumol.kg-1) reduced the uranium content in kidney in kidney and bone only to about 90 and 70% of controls respectively, and there was less enhancement of uranium excretion. However, when treatment was delayed by 30 min and administered intraperitoneally, there was no marked difference in retention and excretion of uranium between the two compounds. As this ligand showed no apparent irreversible toxicity at effective dosages, it is concluded that the administration of the 3,4,3-LIHOPO chelating agent represents potentially a most significant advance for prompt treatment of uranium contamination, while a more detailed investigation is necessary on the possible advantage when treatment delayed. PMID: 7594963 

 

 

Ann Pharm Fr. 1999 Sep;57(5):397-400.

[Reduction of renal uranium uptake by acetazolamide: the importance of urinary elimination of bicarbonate].

[Article in French]

Destombes C, Laroche P, Cazoulat A, Gérasimo P.

Centre d'Etudes du Bouchet, Clamart.

 

Abstract

Acetazolamide was compared with bicarbonate for the treatment of contamination with uranium. Uranium was injected peritoneally in rats, and its distribution was investigated. Acetazolamide was three times more efficient than bicarbonate in reducing the renal content of uranium. On the other hand, it had no effect on hepatic or skeletal content. In this study, renal physiology provides the basis for understanding the mode of action of acetazolamide and bicarbonate. In this context, it is of interest to determine the alkalinity of the urine, with the aim of knowing whether bicarbonate is present to mobilize uranium. PMID: 10520511

 

 

J Cell Physiol. 2005 Dec;205(3):428-36.

Alkaline induces metallothionein gene expression and potentiates cell proliferation in Chinese hamster ovary cells.

Lin KA, Chen JH, Lee DF, Lin LY.

Institute of Radiation Biology and Department of Life Science, National Tsing Hua University, Hsinchu, Taiwan.

 

Abstract

Metallothionein (MT) gene expression is increased in cadmium resistant Chinese hamster ovary cells (CHO Cd(R)) upon medium (regular or serum-free) change during culturing. Among the major components of the medium, NaHCO3 was found to be able to induce MT gene expression in a dose- and time-dependent manner. The same effect was observed with other alkaline solutions, such as HEPES and NaOH. Using MT promoter-luciferase reporter gene constructs, we found that the presence of metal response elements (MREs) in the promoter region is necessary for NaHCO3-induced MT gene transcription. This finding is further supported by the observation that the binding activity between the metal-responsive transcription factor 1 (MTF-1) and the MRE were increased after NaHCO3 treatment. Following NaHCO3 treatment, an increase in cell proliferation was observed in CdR cells but not in the parental CHO K1 cells that do not express MT transcripts due to MT gene methylation. Using synchronized cells, an increase in cell proliferation was observed 9 h after NaHCO3 addition. Notably, proliferation of CHO K1 cells was increased when transfected with an MT gene. The effect of MT on cell growth was affirmed by treating CHO K1 cells with 5-azacytidine (Aza) to demethylate the MT gene. Proliferation increased in Aza-treated CHO K1 cells after NaHCO3 treatment. These results demonstrate that NaHCO3 stimulates MT gene expression and causes an enhancement of cell proliferation in CHO cells. (c) 2005 Wiley-Liss, Inc. PMID: 15965962

 

 

Toxicol Appl Pharmacol. 2006 Jun 15;213(3):245-55. Epub 2006 Jan 4.

Effects of 12 metal ions on iron regulatory protein 1 (IRP-1) and hypoxia-inducible factor-1 alpha (HIF-1alpha) and HIF-regulated genes.

Li Q, Chen H, Huang X, Costa M.

Nelson Institute of Environmental Medicine, New York University, School of Medicine, 57 Old Forge Road, NY 10987, USA.

 

Abstract

Several metal ions that are carcinogenic affect cellular iron homeostasis by competing with iron transporters or iron-regulated enzymes. Some metal ions can mimic a hypoxia response in cells under normal oxygen tension, and induce expression of HIF-1alpha-regulated genes. This study investigated whether 12 metal ions altered iron homeostasis in human lung carcinoma A549 cells as measured by an activation of IRP-1 and ferritin level. We also studied hypoxia signaling by measuring HIF-1alpha protein levels, hypoxia response element (HRE)-driven luciferase reporter activity, and Cap43 protein level (an HIF-1alpha responsive gene). Our results show the following: (i) Ni(II), Co(II), V(V), Mn(II), and to a lesser extent As(III) and Cu(II) activated the binding of IRP-1 to IRE after 24 h, while the other metal ions had no effect; (ii) 10 of 12 metal ions induced HIF-1alpha protein but to strikingly different degrees. Two of these metal ions, Al(III) and Cd(II), did not induce HIF-1alpha protein; however, as indicated below, only Ni(II), Co (II), and to lesser extent Mn(II) and V(V) activated HIF-1alpha-dependent transcription. The combined effects of both [Ni(II) + As(III)] and [Ni(II) + Cr(VI)] on HIF-1alpha protein were synergistic; (iii) Addition of Fe(II) with Ni(II), Co(II), and Cr(VI) attenuated the induction of HIF-1alpha after 4 h treatment; (iv) Ni(II), Co(II), and Mn(II) significantly decrease ferritin level after 24 h exposure; (v) Ni(II), Co(II), V(V), and Mn(II) activated HRE reporter gene after 20 h treatment; (vi) Ni(II), Co(II), V(V), and Mn(II) increased the HIF-1-dependent Cap43 protein level after 24 h treatment. In conclusion, only Ni (II), Co (II), and to a lesser extent Mn(II) and V(V) significantly stabilized HIF-1alpha protein, activated IRP, decreased the levels of ferritin, induced the transcription of HIF-dependent reporter, and increased the expression of Cap43 protein levels (HIF-dependent gene). The mechanism for the significant stabilization and elevation of HIF-1alpha protein which drives these other parameters was previously shown by us and others to involve a loss of cellular Fe as well as inhibition of HIF-1alpha-dependent prolyl hydroxylases which target the binding of VHL ubiquitin ligase and degrade HIF-1alpha. Even though there were small effects of some of the other metals on IRP and HIF-1alpha, downstream effects of HIF-1alpha activation and therefore robust hypoxia signaling were only observed with Ni(II), Co(II), and to much lesser extents with Mn(II) and V(V) in human A549 lung cells. It is of interest that the metal ions that were most effective in activating hypoxia signaling were the ones that were poor inducers of metallothionein protein and also decreased Ferritin levels, since both of these proteins can bind metal ions and protect the cell against toxicity in human lung cells. It is important to study effects of these metals in human lung cells since this represents a major route of human environmental and occupational exposure to these metal ions. PMID: 16386771


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